Rancho Acalanes

AcalanesElam Brown
Rancho Acalanes was a 3329 acre Mexican land grant in present-day Contra Costa County, California.wikipedia
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Contra Costa County, California

Contra Costa CountyContra CostaContra Costa Counties
Rancho Acalanes was a 3329 acre Mexican land grant in present-day Contra Costa County, California.

Lafayette, California

LafayetteLafayette, CABurton Valley Elementary
The rancho included present-day Lafayette and northern Orinda.
Most of what is currently Lafayette was given as a Mexican land grant, Rancho Acalanes to Candelario Valencia in 1834.

Orinda, California

OrindaOrinda, CAOrinda Film Festival
The rancho included present-day Lafayette and northern Orinda.
Present-day Orinda is located within four Mexican land grants: Rancho Laguna de los Palos Colorados, Rancho Acalanes, Rancho El Sobrante and Rancho Boca de la Cañada del Pinole.

José Figueroa

Jose FigueroaGovernor FigueroaGovernor José Figueroa
It was given in 1834 by Governor José Figueroa to Candelario Valencia.

Rancho Boca de la Cañada del Pinole

Boca de la Cañada del PinoleRancho Boca de la Canada del Pinole
Candalario's sister, Maria Manuela Valencia, received Rancho Boca de la Canada del Pinole, a grant located between Martinez and Lafayette in 1842.
Maria Manuela Valencia's brother, Candelario Valencia, was the grantee of Rancho Acalanes.

Ranchos of California

Mexican land grantranchosrancho
Rancho Acalanes was a 3329 acre Mexican land grant in present-day Contra Costa County, California.

Ohlone

Ohlone peopleCostanoanKalindaruk
The name Acalanes seems to have come from Ahala-n, the name of a Costanoan native village in the area.

Juan Bautista de Anza

De Anza ExpeditionAnza Expeditionde Anza
Candelario Valencia was the son of Jose Manuel Valencia, one of Anza's soldiers.

Francisco Sanchez (politician)

Francisco SanchezFrancisco Sánchez
Candelario Valencia was married to Paula Sánchez who was the sister of Francisco Sanchez and José de la Cruz Sánchez.

José de la Cruz Sánchez

Jose Antonio Sanchez
Candelario Valencia was married to Paula Sánchez who was the sister of Francisco Sanchez and José de la Cruz Sánchez.

Martinez, California

MartinezMartinez, CAJohn Muir trestle
Candalario's sister, Maria Manuela Valencia, received Rancho Boca de la Canada del Pinole, a grant located between Martinez and Lafayette in 1842.

Rancho Laguna de los Palos Colorados

La Laguna de los Palos ColoradosLaguna de los Palos Colorados
Valencia was involved in a boundary dispute with his Rancho Laguna de los Palos Colorados neighbor to the south, Joaquin Moraga.

Manuel Micheltorena

MicheltorenaGovernor MicheltorenaGovernor Manuel Micheltorena
The conflict was temporarily resolved in 1844 by Governor Micheltorena, who set the boundary line by decree, but the dispute was not finally resolved until there had been a survey in 1860, and a re-survey in 1875.

Mission San Francisco de Asís

Mission DoloresMission San Francisco de AsisMission Dolores Basilica
Valencia returned to his other property near Mission Dolores in San Francisco, complaining of harassment by Indians (his sister Maria Manuela's husband, Felipé Briones, was killed by Indians in 1839).

William Leidesdorff

William Alexander LeidesdorffWilliam A. LeidesdorffLeidesdorff
Valencia sold Rancho Acalanes to William Leidesdorff, who may never have seen the rancho before he resold it to Elam Brown.

Alcalde

Mayoralcadealcaldes
Brown was soon chosen alcalde of his area, and was a delegate to the 1849 California Constitutional Convention in Monterey.

California Constitutional Conventions

1849 California Constitutional Conventionconstitutional conventionCalifornia Constitutional Convention
Brown was soon chosen alcalde of his area, and was a delegate to the 1849 California Constitutional Convention in Monterey.

Monterey, California

MontereyMonterey, CAMonterrey
Brown was soon chosen alcalde of his area, and was a delegate to the 1849 California Constitutional Convention in Monterey.

California State Assembly

State AssemblyAssemblyCalifornia Assembly
Brown also became a representative to his district in the first and second sessions of the California State Assembly, but he withdrew from politics after 1852 to devote his time to his rancho.

John Bidwell

General John BidwellJohnBidwell
As a member of the State Assembly and a ranch-owner, Brown - together with John Bidwell, Mariano Vallejo, and David Douglas - was responsible for writing the 1850 "Act for the Government and Protection of Indians," which allowed any white male, with a judge's approval, to take on Indigenous Californian children as "apprentices" or involuntary servants, ostensibly for the purpose of "civilizing" them; "like the other authors" of this Act, Brown "made extensive use of servile Indian laborers" at the Rancho Acalanes.

Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo

Mariano VallejoGeneral VallejoSalvador Vallejo
As a member of the State Assembly and a ranch-owner, Brown - together with John Bidwell, Mariano Vallejo, and David Douglas - was responsible for writing the 1850 "Act for the Government and Protection of Indians," which allowed any white male, with a judge's approval, to take on Indigenous Californian children as "apprentices" or involuntary servants, ostensibly for the purpose of "civilizing" them; "like the other authors" of this Act, Brown "made extensive use of servile Indian laborers" at the Rancho Acalanes.

Indigenous peoples of California

indigenous people of CaliforniaCalifornia IndiansNative Californian
As a member of the State Assembly and a ranch-owner, Brown - together with John Bidwell, Mariano Vallejo, and David Douglas - was responsible for writing the 1850 "Act for the Government and Protection of Indians," which allowed any white male, with a judge's approval, to take on Indigenous Californian children as "apprentices" or involuntary servants, ostensibly for the purpose of "civilizing" them; "like the other authors" of this Act, Brown "made extensive use of servile Indian laborers" at the Rancho Acalanes.

Mexican Cession

cessioncededterritory acquired
With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo provided that the land grants would be honored.

Mexican–American War

Mexican-American WarMexican WarMexican American War
With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo provided that the land grants would be honored.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo1848 Treaty of Guadalupe HidalgoTreaty of Guadalupe
With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo provided that the land grants would be honored.