Ranjit Singh

Maharaja Ranjit SinghMaharajah Ranjit SinghMaharaja Ranjeet SinghMaharaja Ranjit Singh's GeneralsRanjit^"Ranjit Singhher grandfatherMaharaja Ranjit Singh BahadurMaharaja Ranjit Singh Ji Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab
Maharaja Ranjit Singh (13 November 1780 – 27 June 1839) was the leader of the Sikh Empire, which ruled the northwest Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century.wikipedia
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Sikh Empire

PunjabSikhSikhs
Maharaja Ranjit Singh (13 November 1780 – 27 June 1839) was the leader of the Sikh Empire, which ruled the northwest Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century.
The Sikh Empire (also Sikh Khalsa Raj or Sarkar-i Khalsa ) was a state originating in the Indian subcontinent, formed under the leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, who established a secular empire based in the Punjab.

Sikh Khalsa Army

Punjab ArmyKhalsa ArmyKhalsa
His Khalsa army and government included Sikhs, Hindus, Muslims and Europeans.
The Sikh Khalsa Army (Punjabi: ਸਿੱਖ ਖਾਲਸਾ ਫੌਜ (Sikh Khalsa Fauj), Persian:سیک ارتش خالصا-ارتش لاهور), Khalsa or simply Sikh Army was the military force of the Sikh Empire, formed in 1799 with the capture of Lahore by Ranjit Singh.

Golden Temple

Harmandir SahibHarimandir SahibDarbar Sahib
His legacy includes a period of Sikh cultural and artistic renaissance, including the rebuilding of the Harmandir Sahib in Amritsar as well as other major gurudwaras, including Takht Sri Patna Sahib, Bihar and Hazur Sahib Nanded, Maharashtra under his sponsorship.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh after founding the Sikh Empire, rebuilt it in marble and copper in 1809, overlaid the sanctum with gold foil in 1830.

Maha Singh

Mahan SinghMaha Singh SukerchakiaMahan Singh Sukerchakia
Ranjit Singh was born on 13 November 1780, to Maha Singh Sukerchakia and Raj Kaur – the daughter of Raja Gajpat Singh of Jind, in Gujranwala, in the Majha region of Punjab (now in Pakistan).
His son Ranjit Singh succeeded him and established the Sikh Empire.

Raj Kaur

Ranjit Singh was born on 13 November 1780, to Maha Singh Sukerchakia and Raj Kaur – the daughter of Raja Gajpat Singh of Jind, in Gujranwala, in the Majha region of Punjab (now in Pakistan).
Raj Kaur was the wife of Maha Singh, the leader of the Sukerchakia Misl and the mother of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the founder of the Sikh Empire.

Gujranwala

Gujranwala CityGujranwala RegionGujranwalla
Ranjit Singh was born on 13 November 1780, to Maha Singh Sukerchakia and Raj Kaur – the daughter of Raja Gajpat Singh of Jind, in Gujranwala, in the Majha region of Punjab (now in Pakistan).
The city served as the capital of the Sukerchakia Misl state between 1763 and 1799, and is the birthplace of the founder of the Sikh Empire, Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

Kharak Singh

Maharaja Kharak Singh
Maharaja Ranjit Singh was succeeded by his son Maharaja Kharak Singh.
He succeeded his father Ranjit Singh in June 1839.

Duleep Singh

Maharaja Duleep SinghSir Duleep SinghDalip Singh
His grand-daughters - the daughters of his son Duleep Singh - believed that their true ancestors belonged to the Sandhawalia family of Raja Sansi.
He was Maharaja Ranjit Singh's youngest son, the only child of Maharani Jind Kaur.

Takht Sri Patna Sahib

Takht Shri Harmandir SahebTakht Sri Harmandir SahibPatna Sahib
His legacy includes a period of Sikh cultural and artistic renaissance, including the rebuilding of the Harmandir Sahib in Amritsar as well as other major gurudwaras, including Takht Sri Patna Sahib, Bihar and Hazur Sahib Nanded, Maharashtra under his sponsorship.
It was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780-1839), the first Maharaja of the Sikh Empire, who also built many other Gurdwaras in the Indian subcontinent.

Mehtab Kaur

Mahtab Kaur
At age 15, Ranjit Singh married his first wife Mehtab Kaur, the only daughter of Gurbaksh Singh Kanhaiya and his wife Sada Kaur, and the granddaughter of Jai Singh Kanhaiya, the founder of the Kanhaiya Misl.
undefined 1782 – 1813) was the first wife of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the founder of the Sikh Empire.

Punjab

Punjab regionPanjabPunjabi
Ranjit Singh was born on 13 November 1780, to Maha Singh Sukerchakia and Raj Kaur – the daughter of Raja Gajpat Singh of Jind, in Gujranwala, in the Majha region of Punjab (now in Pakistan). His empire grew in the Punjab region under his leadership through 1839.
Out of the 36 areas, 22 were united by Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

Sada Kaur

Rani Sada Kaur
At age 15, Ranjit Singh married his first wife Mehtab Kaur, the only daughter of Gurbaksh Singh Kanhaiya and his wife Sada Kaur, and the granddaughter of Jai Singh Kanhaiya, the founder of the Kanhaiya Misl.
An intelligent and ambitious woman, she was also the mother-in-law of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (the founder of the Sikh Empire) and played an important role in his rise to power in Punjab.

Jind Kaur

Maharani Jind KaurRani JindanEmpress Jind Kaur
Jind Kaur was the final spouse of Ranjit Singh.
She was the youngest wife of the first Maharaja of the Sikh Empire, Ranjit Singh, and the mother of the last Maharaja, Duleep Singh.

Gurbaksh Singh Kanhaiya

Gurbaksh SinghGurbaksh Singh Kanheya
At age 15, Ranjit Singh married his first wife Mehtab Kaur, the only daughter of Gurbaksh Singh Kanhaiya and his wife Sada Kaur, and the granddaughter of Jai Singh Kanhaiya, the founder of the Kanhaiya Misl.
He was the father of Maharani Mehtab Kaur and thus, the father-in-law of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the founder of the Sikh Empire.

Moran Sarkar

His other wives include Moran Sarkar in 1802, Chand Kaur in 1815, Lakshmi in 1820, Mehatab Kaur in 1822, Saman Kaur in 1832, as well as Guddan, Banso, Gulbahar, Gulab, Ram Devi, Rani, Bannat, Har and Danno before his last marriage.
Moran Sarkar was a Punjabi Queen who married Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab in 1802.

Sandhawalia

Sandhanwalia
His grand-daughters - the daughters of his son Duleep Singh - believed that their true ancestors belonged to the Sandhawalia family of Raja Sansi.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the Sikh ruler of Punjab, has been described as "Jatt" in records.

Sikhs

SikhPunjabi SikhPunjabi Sikhs
This action, and other non-Sikh activities of the Maharaja, upset orthodox Sikhs, including the Nihangs, whose leader Akali Phula Singh was the Jathedar of the Akal Takht.
The Confederacy was unified and transformed into the Sikh Empire under Maharaja Ranjit Singh Bahadur, which was characterised by religious tolerance and pluralism, with Christians, Muslims and Hindus in positions of power.

Akali Phula Singh

Phula SinghAkali Phoola Singh
This action, and other non-Sikh activities of the Maharaja, upset orthodox Sikhs, including the Nihangs, whose leader Akali Phula Singh was the Jathedar of the Akal Takht.
During his later years he served for the Sikh Empire as a direct adviser to Maharajah Ranjit Singh.

Sher Singh

Maharaja Sher Singh Sher Singh Sandhanwalia
His first wife gave birth to Ishar Singh, who died at the age of two, and, after her separation from Ranjit Singh, to the twins Tara Singh and Sher Singh.
Maharaja Sher Singh (4 December 1807 – 15 September 1843) was a son of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

Afghan–Sikh Wars

Afghan-Sikh WarsAfghanattempted invasion by the Sikhs
He repeatedly defeated invasions by outside armies, particularly those arriving from Afghanistan, and established friendly relations with the British.

Nakai Misl

Misl NakaiNakaiiNakkai
The separation became complete when Ranjit Singh married his second wife Raj Kaur of Nakai Misl in 1798.
The misl fought against the Sials, the Pathans and the Kharals before being incorporated into the Sikh Empire of the Sukerchakia Misl by Ranjit Singh.

Kashmir

Pakistan administered KashmirKashmir regionPakistan-administered Kashmir
In 1819, he successfully defeated the Afghan Sunni Muslim rulers and annexed Srinagar and Kashmir, stretching his rule into the north and the Jhelum valley, beyond the foothills of the Himalayas.
That year, the Sikhs, under Ranjit Singh, annexed Kashmir.

Ishar Singh (Sikh prince)

Ishar Singh
His first wife gave birth to Ishar Singh, who died at the age of two, and, after her separation from Ranjit Singh, to the twins Tara Singh and Sher Singh.
Shahzada Ishar Singh Bahadur (31 January 1802 – 1804) was the second son of Ranjit Singh, Maharaja of the Sikh Empire.

Battle of Attock

AttockBattle of Attock, 1813
The Afghans lost their stronghold at Attock in that battle.
In 1811–12, Ranjit Singh invaded the hill states of Bhimber, Rajauri, and Kullu in preparation for an invasion of Kashmir.

Datar Kaur

Maharani Datar Kaur
Raj Kaur (renamed Datar Kaur), the daughter of Sardar Ran Singh Nakai, the third ruler of Nakai Misl, was Ranjit Singh's second wife and the mother of his heir, Kharak Singh.
Rani Datar Kaur (died on 20 June 1818), the daughter of Sardar Ran Singh Nakai, the third ruler of Nakai Misl of Baherwal, was the 2nd wife of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.