Ransom

ransom notedemandransomedfinancialkidnapped for ransomkidnappingmonetary ransomransom moneyransom paymentsransoms
Ransom is the practice of holding a prisoner or item to extort money or property to secure their release, or it may refer to the sum of money involved.wikipedia
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Extortion

extortextortingextorted
Ransom is the practice of holding a prisoner or item to extort money or property to secure their release, or it may refer to the sum of money involved.

Bertrand du Guesclin

Du GuesclinBertrand de GuesclinDuguesclin
Examples include Richard the Lion Heart and Bertrand du Guesclin.
He was captured and ransomed by Charles V for 100,000 francs.

Ransom note effect

ransom noteransom note–styleransom-note effect
In popular culture, ransom notes are often depicted as being made from words in different typefaces clipped from different sources (typically newspapers), in order to disguise the handwriting of the kidnapper, leading to the phrase ransom note effect being used to describe documents containing jarringly mixed fonts.
It takes its name from the appearance of a stereotypical ransom note, with the message formed from words or letters cut randomly from a magazine or newspaper in order to avoid using recognizable handwriting.

Kidnapping

kidnapkidnappedabduction
Although ransom is usually demanded only after the kidnapping of a person, it is not unheard of for thieves to demand ransom for the return of an inanimate object or body part.
Kidnapping may be done to demand for ransom in exchange for releasing the victim, or for other illegal purposes.

Hostage

hostage rescuehostage takinghostage crisis
Hostage taking is still often politically motivated or intended to raise a ransom or to enforce an exchange against other hostages or even condemned convicts.

Redemption

redeemredeemingRedemption (disambiguation)
When ransom means "payment", the word comes via Old French rançon from Latin redemptio = "buying back": compare "redemption".

Julius Caesar

CaesarGaius Julius CaesarJulius Cæsar
Julius Caesar was captured by pirates near the island of Pharmacusa, and held until someone paid 50 talents to free him.

Farmakonisi

PharmacusaFarmakonissiPharmakonisi
Julius Caesar was captured by pirates near the island of Pharmacusa, and held until someone paid 50 talents to free him.

Attic talent

talentstalentAthenian Talent
Julius Caesar was captured by pirates near the island of Pharmacusa, and held until someone paid 50 talents to free him.

Middle Ages

medievalmediaevalmedieval Europe
In Europe during the Middle Ages, ransom became an important custom of chivalric warfare.

Chivalry

chivalricchivalrouschivalric code
In Europe during the Middle Ages, ransom became an important custom of chivalric warfare.

Knight

knighthoodknightedknights
An important knight, especially nobility or royalty, was worth a significant sum of money if captured, but nothing if he was killed.

Nobility

noblemannoblenobles
An important knight, especially nobility or royalty, was worth a significant sum of money if captured, but nothing if he was killed.

Royal family

royaltyroyalroyal families
An important knight, especially nobility or royalty, was worth a significant sum of money if captured, but nothing if he was killed.

Heraldry

heraldicheraldistarms
For this reason, the practice of ransom contributed to the development of heraldry, which allowed knights to advertise their identities, and by implication their ransom value, and made them less likely to be killed out of hand.

Richard I of England

Richard IRichard the LionheartKing Richard I
Examples include Richard the Lion Heart and Bertrand du Guesclin.

Francisco Pizarro

PizarroFrancisco PizzaroFrancisco
In 1532, Francisco Pizarro was paid a ransom amounting to a roomful of gold by the Inca Empire before having their leader Atahualpa, his victim, executed in a ridiculous trial.

Inca Empire

IncaIncasIncan
In 1532, Francisco Pizarro was paid a ransom amounting to a roomful of gold by the Inca Empire before having their leader Atahualpa, his victim, executed in a ridiculous trial.

Atahualpa

AtahuallpaAtawallpaAtaulpa
In 1532, Francisco Pizarro was paid a ransom amounting to a roomful of gold by the Inca Empire before having their leader Atahualpa, his victim, executed in a ridiculous trial.

Charley Ross

Charles Brewster RossCharley Ross kidnapping case
The abduction of Charley Ross on July 1, 1874 is considered to be the first American kidnapping for ransom.

East Germany

East GermanGerman Democratic RepublicGDR
East Germany, which built the Inner German border to stop emigration, practised ransom with people.

Inner German border

borderinner-German borderseparated
East Germany, which built the Inner German border to stop emigration, practised ransom with people.

West Germany

West GermanFederal Republic of GermanyGermany
East German citizens could emigrate through the semi-secret route of being ransomed by the West German government in a process termed Freikauf (literally the buying of freedom).

Salzburg

Salzburg, AustriaIuvavumSalzbourg
There were numerous instances in which towns paid to avoid being plundered, an example being Salzburg which, under Paris Lodron paid a ransom to Bavaria to prevent its being sacked during the Thirty Year's War.

Thirty Years' War

Thirty Years WarThirty Years’ War30 Years War
There were numerous instances in which towns paid to avoid being plundered, an example being Salzburg which, under Paris Lodron paid a ransom to Bavaria to prevent its being sacked during the Thirty Year's War.