A report on Rape

In Zambia, 43% of girls and women between the ages of 15 and 49 have experienced some form of sexual violence.
In this Roman depiction of a fight between a Nymph and a Satyr (Naples National Archaeological Museum), the Nymph is shown vigorously resisting the Satyr's sexual advances, punching him on the mouth – an example of the idealized female resistance, lack of which might be construed as implying consent.
Non-genital injuries to women who are sexually assaulted
frameless
UNODC : Reported rape per 100,000 population (2011)
People in Bangalore, India demanding justice for a young student who was gang-raped in Delhi in December 2012.
The Bulgarian martyresses, a painting depicting the rape of Bulgarian women by Ottoman troops during the April Uprising of 1876
A map of the world showing a composite index about rape of women in 2018, data by WomanStats Project. Rape is not a major problem in this society
Rape is a problem in this society
Rape is a significant problem in this society
Rape is a major problem in this society
Rape is endemic in this society
No data

Type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.

- Rape
In Zambia, 43% of girls and women between the ages of 15 and 49 have experienced some form of sexual violence.

55 related topics with Alpha

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Sexual intercourse in the missionary position depicted by Édouard-Henri Avril (1892)

Sexual intercourse

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There are different views on what constitutes sexual intercourse or other sexual activity, which can impact on views on sexual health.

There are different views on what constitutes sexual intercourse or other sexual activity, which can impact on views on sexual health.

Sexual intercourse in the missionary position depicted by Édouard-Henri Avril (1892)
Modern artwork of a couple engaged in vaginal intercourse
19th-century erotic interpretation of Roman emperor Hadrian and Antinous engaged in anal intercourse, by Édouard-Henri Avril
Édouard-Henri Avril depiction of a woman on top position, a position that is more likely to stimulate the clitoris
Édouard-Henri Avril depiction of cunnilingus in the life of Sappho
Chance of fertilization by menstrual cycle day relative to ovulation
"Coition of a Hemisected Man and Woman" (c. 1492), an interpretation of what happens inside the body during coitus, by Leonardo da Vinci
Sex positions for pregnant women: Sexual activity during pregnancy
Painting of a couple (a prince and lady) prolonging sexual intercourse
Erotic painting on ancient Greek kylix
Max Slevogt depiction of rape
Lawrence Alma-Tadema depiction of courtship and a marriage proposal
A pair of lions copulating in the Maasai Mara, Kenya
Mating houseflies

Various jurisdictions place restrictions on certain sexual acts, such as incest, sexual activity with minors, prostitution, rape, zoophilia, sodomy, premarital and extramarital sex.

Monument to the Condottiero Giovanni dalle Bande Nere depicting a man kidnapping a woman (Piazza San Lorenzo, Florence)

Wartime sexual violence

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Monument to the Condottiero Giovanni dalle Bande Nere depicting a man kidnapping a woman (Piazza San Lorenzo, Florence)
Some of the delegates to the Global Summit to End Sexual Violence in Conflict held in 2014
"Remember Belgium", an American propaganda poster printed during World War I, depicting the fate of Belgium. The rape of the young girl representing Belgium is implied.
Rangoon, Burma. 8 August 1945. A young ethnic Chinese woman from one of the Imperial Japanese Army's "comfort battalions" is interviewed by an Allied officer.
Psychosocial workers with International Rescue Committee (IRC) help rape survivors in South Kivu DRC in 2010.
South Kivu Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Map of Sudan. The Darfur region is shaded.
Iraqi male prisoners forced into homosexual contact with each other's genitals touching other men's bodies in a "human pyramid" pile.
De jure belli ac pacis, title page from the first edition of 1625.

Wartime sexual violence is rape or other forms of sexual violence committed by combatants during armed conflict, war, or military occupation often as spoils of war, but sometimes, particularly in ethnic conflict, the phenomenon has broader sociological motives.

U.S. troops in Afghanistan hold a 5K run/walk for Sexual Assault Awareness Month.

Sexual assault

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Act in which one intentionally sexually touches another person without that person's consent, or coerces or physically forces a person to engage in a sexual act against their will.

Act in which one intentionally sexually touches another person without that person's consent, or coerces or physically forces a person to engage in a sexual act against their will.

U.S. troops in Afghanistan hold a 5K run/walk for Sexual Assault Awareness Month.
Reported rates in several countries (UN)
Reported rates in the United States (BJS)
Reported rates in US armed services

It is a form of sexual violence, which includes child sexual abuse, groping, rape (forced vaginal, anal, or oral penetration or a drug facilitated sexual assault), or the torture of the person in a sexual manner.

A woman in the third trimester of pregnancy

Pregnancy

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Time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman's womb.

Time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman's womb.

A woman in the third trimester of pregnancy
William Hunter, Anatomia uteri humani gravidi tabulis illustrata, 1774
Melasma: pigment changes to the face due to pregnancy
In the later part of pregnancy the uterus takes up much of the abdomen
Timeline of pregnancy, including (from top to bottom): Trimesters, embryo/fetus development, gestational age in weeks and months, viability and maturity stages
Distribution of gestational age at childbirth among singleton live births, given both when gestational age is estimated by first trimester ultrasound and directly by last menstrual period. Roughly 80% of births occur between 37 and 41 weeks of gestational age.
Fertilization and implantation in humans
The initial stages of human embryogenesis
Breast changes as seen during pregnancy. The areolae are larger and darker.
The uterus as it changes in size over the duration of the trimesters
By the end of the second trimester, the expanding uterus has created a visible "baby bump". Although the breasts have been developing internally since the beginning of the pregnancy, most of the visible changes appear after this point.
Pregnant woman in third trimester of pregnancy (last month)
The uterus expands making up a larger and larger portion of the woman's abdomen. At left anterior view with months labeled, at right lateral view labeling the last 4 weeks. During the final stages of gestation before childbirth the fetus and uterus will drop to a lower position.
Linea nigra in a woman at 22 weeks pregnant.
CT scanning (volume rendered in this case) confers a radiation dose to the developing fetus.
A pregnant woman undergoing an ultrasound. Ultrasound is used to check on the growth and development of the fetus.
Giotto di Bondone Visitation, circa 1305
Embryo at 4 weeks after fertilization (gestational age of 6 weeks)
Fetus at 8 weeks after fertilization (gestational age of 10 weeks)
Fetus at 18 weeks after fertilization (gestational age of 20 weeks)
Fetus at 38 weeks after fertilization (gestational age of 40 weeks)
Relative size in 1st month (simplified illustration)
Relative size in 3rd month (simplified illustration)
Relative size in 5th month (simplified illustration)
Relative size in 9th month (simplified illustration)
Anatomical model of a pregnant woman; Stephan Zick (1639–1715); 1700; Germanisches Nationalmuseum
Statue of a pregnant woman, Macedonia
Bronze figure of a pregnant naked woman by Danny Osborne, Merrion Square, Dublin, Ireland
Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger Portrait of Susanna Temple, second wife of Sir Martin Lister, 1620
Octave Tassaert, The Waif aka L'abandonnée 1852, Musée Fabre, Montpellier
The Visitation: Mary, pregnant with Jesus, visiting pregnant Elizabeth, depicted as a statue at the Church of the Visitation in Ein Karem, Israel.
Venus of Willendorf, c. 25,000 BC, Austria
Taweret ancient Egyptian goddess of pregnancy.
Pottery figure from ancient Mexico
Picture of the tragic and gory story about the life of a travelling actress called Okume.<ref name="British Museum">{{cite web | title=Collections Online | website=British Museum | url=https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/term/BIOG177414 | access-date=2022-07-01}}</ref>
Gustav Klimt, 1903, Hoffnung I (Hope I)

Reasons for pregnancies being undesired are broad, rape being the most legally accepted.

The Rape of the Sabine Women, by Nicolas Poussin, Rome, 1637–38 (Louvre Museum)

Sexual slavery

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Attachment of any ownership right over one or more people with the intent of coercing or otherwise forcing them to engage in sexual activities.

Attachment of any ownership right over one or more people with the intent of coercing or otherwise forcing them to engage in sexual activities.

The Rape of the Sabine Women, by Nicolas Poussin, Rome, 1637–38 (Louvre Museum)
The Mongol invasion of Hungary. The Mongols, with captured women, are on the left, the Hungarians, with one saved woman, on the right.
Statue entitled The White Slave by Abastenia St. Leger Eberle, a controversial sculpture meant to depict modern western sexual enslavement
Rangoon, Burma. 8 August 1945. A young ethnic Chinese woman from one of the Imperial Japanese Army's "comfort battalions" is interviewed by an RAF officer.
Historical Marker, in the memory of Comfort women; Plaza Lawton, Liwasang Bonifacio, Manila
Yasuura House, one such center
De Wallen red-light district in Amsterdam. Most of the trafficked girls and women come from eastern Europe.

The Rome Statute Explanatory Memorandum, which defines the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court, recognizes rape, sexual slavery, forced prostitution, forced pregnancy, forced sterilization, "or any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity" as crimes against humanity if the action is part of a widespread or systematic practice.

A study funded by the USA National Institute of Drug Abuse found that "Among more than 1,400 adult females, childhood sexual abuse was associated with increased likelihood of drug dependence, alcohol dependence, and psychiatric disorders. The associations are expressed as odds ratios: for example, women who experienced nongenital sexual abuse in childhood were 2.83 times more likely to suffer drug dependence as adults than were women who were not abused."

Child sexual abuse

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Form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation.

Form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation.

A study funded by the USA National Institute of Drug Abuse found that "Among more than 1,400 adult females, childhood sexual abuse was associated with increased likelihood of drug dependence, alcohol dependence, and psychiatric disorders. The associations are expressed as odds ratios: for example, women who experienced nongenital sexual abuse in childhood were 2.83 times more likely to suffer drug dependence as adults than were women who were not abused."

sexual assault – a term defining offenses in which an adult uses a minor for the purpose of sexual gratification; for example, rape (including sodomy), and sexual penetration with an object. Most U.S. states include, in their definitions of sexual assault, any penetrative contact of a minor's body, however slight, if the contact is performed for the purpose of sexual gratification.

Looking across different government survey sources, for a given year male adult and youth inmates are estimated to suffer several times more incidents of sexual victimizations than incarcerated females. Male and female inmates are not included in most national surveys of sexual victimization.

Rape of males

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Looking across different government survey sources, for a given year male adult and youth inmates are estimated to suffer several times more incidents of sexual victimizations than incarcerated females. Male and female inmates are not included in most national surveys of sexual victimization.

A proportion of victims of rape or other sexual violence incidents are male.

A package of birth control pills

Birth control

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Method or device used to prevent pregnancy.

Method or device used to prevent pregnancy.

A package of birth control pills
Copper T shaped IUD with removal strings
A CycleBeads tool, used for estimating fertility based on days since last menstruation
A split dose of two emergency contraceptive pills
Maternal mortality rate as of 2010.
Birth control use and total fertility rate by region.
Map of countries by fertility rate (2020)
Demand for family planning satisfied by modern methods as of 2017.
Ancient silver coin from Cyrene depicting a stalk of silphium
"And the villain still pursues her", a satirical Victorian era postcard
alt=birth control pill packages|Three varieties of birth control pills in calendar oriented packaging
Birth control pills
alt=a contraceptive patch|A transdermal contraceptive patch
alt=a vaginal ring|A NuvaRing vaginal ring
A rolled up male condom.
alt=an unrolled condom|An unrolled male latex condom
alt=a female condom|A polyurethane female condom
alt=a diaphragm|A diaphragm vaginal-cervical barrier, in its case with a quarter U.S. coin.
alt=a contraceptive sponge|A contraceptive sponge set inside its open package.

The choice to abstain from sex cannot protect against pregnancy as a result of rape, and public health efforts emphasizing abstinence to reduce unwanted pregnancy may have limited effectiveness, especially in developing countries and among disadvantaged groups.

Unintended pregnancy

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Unintended pregnancies are pregnancies that are mistimed, unplanned or unwanted at the time of conception.

Unintended pregnancies are pregnancies that are mistimed, unplanned or unwanted at the time of conception.

Sexual coercion, rape, or even forced pregnancy may be associated with unintended pregnancy, all of which sometimes happens in the context of domestic violence.

Youth by French painter William-Adolphe Bouguereau. White has traditionally been associated with ritual purity, innocence and virginity in Western cultures.

Virginity

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State of a person who has never engaged in sexual intercourse.

State of a person who has never engaged in sexual intercourse.

Youth by French painter William-Adolphe Bouguereau. White has traditionally been associated with ritual purity, innocence and virginity in Western cultures.
Virgin with a unicorn
Detail of The Reading Madonna by Giorgione (c. 1500)
Virgo inter Virgines (The Blessed Virgin Mary with other holy virgins), from Bruges, Belgium during the last quarter of the 15th century.

Whether a person can lose their virginity through rape is also subject to debate, with the belief that virginity can only be lost through consensual sex being prevalent in some studies.