Rape

rapingrapistrapedrapistsrapesattempted rapeforcible rapesexual coercionsexually assaultedforced sex
Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.wikipedia
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Sexual assault

sexually assaultedsexually assaultingsexually assault
Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.
It is a form of sexual violence, which includes rape (forced vaginal, anal or oral penetration or drug facilitated sexual assault), groping, child sexual abuse or the torture of the person in a sexual manner.

Sexual intercourse

sexcopulationintercourse
Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.
Various jurisdictions place restrictions on certain sexual acts, such as incest, sexual activity with minors, prostitution, rape, zoophilia, sodomy, premarital and extramarital sex.

Rape by gender

homosexual rapenon statutory female on male raperape of a man by a woman
Rape by strangers is usually less common than rape by people the victim knows, and male-on-male and female-on-female prison rapes are common and may be the least reported forms of rape.
Rape by gender classifies types of rape by the sex and/or gender of both the rapist and the victim.

Prison rape

raped in prisonraperaped
Rape by strangers is usually less common than rape by people the victim knows, and male-on-male and female-on-female prison rapes are common and may be the least reported forms of rape. These include date rape, gang rape, marital rape, incestual rape, child sexual abuse, prison rape, acquaintance rape, war rape and statutory rape.
Prison rape or jail rape is rape occurring in prison.

The Rape of the Sabine Women

Rape of the Sabine WomenRape of the SabinesSabine women
The original meaning of "carry off by force" is still found in some phrases, such as "rape and pillage", or in titles, such as the stories of the Rape of the Sabine Women and The Rape of Europa or the poem The Rape of the Lock, which is about the theft of a lock of hair.
Modern scholars tend to interpret the word as "abduction" or "kidnapping" as opposed to a sexual assault.

Drug-facilitated sexual assault

drug facilitated sexual assaultalcohol facilitated rapealcohol-facilitated sexual assault
The CDC lists other acts of coercive, non-consensual sexual activity that may or may not include rape, including drug-facilitated sexual assault, acts in which a victim is made to penetrate a perpetrator or someone else, intoxication where the victim is unable to consent (due to incapacitation or being unconscious), non-physically forced penetration which occurs after a person is pressured verbally (by intimidation or misuse of authority to force to consent), or completed or attempted forced penetration of a victim via unwanted physical force (including using a weapon or threatening to use a weapon).
Drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) is a sexual assault (rape or otherwise) carried out on a person after the person has become incapacitated due to being under the influence of any mind-altering substances, such as having consumed alcohol or been intentionally administered another date rape drug.

Marital rape

spousal raperapemarital exemption
These include date rape, gang rape, marital rape, incestual rape, child sexual abuse, prison rape, acquaintance rape, war rape and statutory rape.
It is recognized as rape by many societies around the world, repudiated by international conventions, and increasingly criminalized.

Gang rape

gang-rapegang rapedgang-raping
These include date rape, gang rape, marital rape, incestual rape, child sexual abuse, prison rape, acquaintance rape, war rape and statutory rape.
Gang rape (a term coined by Bernice Sandler) also called serial gang rape, group rape, party rape, or multiple perpetrator rape in scholarly literature; occurs when a single victim is raped by at least two or more violators (typically at least three}.

Date rape

date-rapedate rapeddate-raped
These include date rape, gang rape, marital rape, incestual rape, child sexual abuse, prison rape, acquaintance rape, war rape and statutory rape.
The two phrases are often used interchangeably, but date rape specifically refers to a rape in which there has been some sort of romantic or potentially sexual relationship between the two parties.

Acquaintance rape

acquaintanceraped by a client
These include date rape, gang rape, marital rape, incestual rape, child sexual abuse, prison rape, acquaintance rape, war rape and statutory rape.
Acquaintance rape is rape that is perpetrated by a person who knows the victim.

Crimes against humanity

crime against humanityatrocitieshumanity
These practices are crimes against humanity and war crimes.
War crimes, murder, massacres, dehumanization, genocide, ethnic cleansing, deportations, unethical human experimentation, extrajudicial punishments including summary executions, use of weapons of mass destruction, state terrorism or state sponsoring of terrorism, death squads, kidnappings and forced disappearances, use of child soldiers, unjust imprisonment, enslavement, torture, rape, political repression, racial discrimination, religious persecution and other human rights abuses may reach the threshold of crimes against humanity if they are part of a widespread or systematic practice.

Sociobiological theories of rape

evolutionary pressuresevolutionary proclivities
Several factors have been proposed: anger, power, sadism, sexual gratification, or evolutionary proclivities.
Such theories are highly controversial, as traditional theories typically do not consider rape to be a behavioral adaptation.

Genocide

genocidalexterminationgenocides
Rape is also recognized as an element of the crime of genocide when committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a targeted ethnic group.
The jurisprudence of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), among others, shows that both the initial executions and those that quickly follow other acts of extreme violence, such as rape and torture, are recognized as falling under the first prohibited act.

The Rape of the Lock

Rape of the Locklocks raped
The original meaning of "carry off by force" is still found in some phrases, such as "rape and pillage", or in titles, such as the stories of the Rape of the Sabine Women and The Rape of Europa or the poem The Rape of the Lock, which is about the theft of a lock of hair.
The poem's title does not refer to the extreme of sexual rape, but to an earlier alternative definition of the word derived from the Latin rapere (supine stem raptum), "to snatch, to grab, to carry off" —in this case, the theft and carrying away of a lock of hair.

Pregnancy from rape

rapechild of raperesulted from rape
Pregnancy is a potential result of rape.

Causes of sexual violence

Motivation for rapeMale Entitlementmale sexual entitlement
The theories that will be discussed in this article include military conquest, socioeconomics, anger, power, sadism, traits, ethical standards, laws, and evolutionary pressures that lend some explanation to the causes of sexual violence (such as rape, molestation, sexual harassment, stalking, incest, etc. ). Please note, most of the research on the causes of sexual violence has only been done on male offenders (and has largely ignored female perpetrated sexual violence) and is in no way fully developed.

Anger

wrathangryIrate
Several factors have been proposed: anger, power, sadism, sexual gratification, or evolutionary proclivities.

Mass sexual assault

mass rapemass sexual assaultssexual assaults by groups
Gang rape and mass rape are often used as a means of male bonding.
Typically acting under the protective cover of large gatherings, victims have reported being groped, stripped, beaten, bitten, penetrated and raped.

David Lisak

Lisak, David
American clinical psychologist David Lisak, co-author of a 2002 study of undetected rapists, says that compared with non-rapists, both undetected and convicted rapists are measurably more angry at women and more motivated by a desire to dominate and control them, are more impulsive, disinhibited, anti-social, hypermasculine, and less empathic.
He had noticed that most of the research on rape and sexual assault consisted of interviews with victims, who reported almost exclusively acquaintance rape rather than stranger rape, and studies on incarcerated rapists, who were almost exclusively stranger rapists.

Child sexual abuse

child molestationchild molestermolested
These include date rape, gang rape, marital rape, incestual rape, child sexual abuse, prison rape, acquaintance rape, war rape and statutory rape.
As lawsuits can involve demanding procedures there is a concern that children or adults who file suit will be re-victimized by defendants through the legal process, much as rape victims can be re-victimized by the accused in criminal rape trials.

Honor killing

honour killinghonor killingshonour killings
This is especially the case in cultures where female virginity is highly valued and considered mandatory before marriage; in extreme cases, rape victims are killed in honor killings.
An honor killing or shame killing is the murder of a member of a family, due to the perpetrators' belief that the victim has brought shame or dishonor upon the family, or has violated the principles of a community or a religion, usually for reasons such as divorcing or separating from their spouse, refusing to enter an arranged, child or forced marriage, being in a relationship or having associations with social groups outside the family that is strongly disapproved by one's family, having premarital or extramarital sex, becoming the victim of rape or sexual assault, dressing in clothing, jewelry and accessories which are deemed inappropriate, engaging in non-heterosexual relations or renouncing a faith.

Unintended pregnancy

unintended pregnanciesunplanned pregnancyunwanted pregnancies
Sexual coercion, rape, or even forced pregnancy may be associated with unintended pregnancy, all of which sometimes happens in the context of domestic violence.

Violence

violentviolent behaviorphysical violence
In more violent cases, the victim may need to have gunshot wounds or stab wounds treated.
The latter includes youth violence, random acts of violence, rape or sexual assault by strangers, and violence in institutional settings such as schools, workplaces, prisons and nursing homes.

Sexual dysfunction

sexual disorderssexualsexual problems
It is unclear exactly what causes vaginismus, but it is thought that past sexual trauma (such as rape or abuse) may play a role.

Incest

incestuousincestuous relationshipincestual
These include date rape, gang rape, marital rape, incestual rape, child sexual abuse, prison rape, acquaintance rape, war rape and statutory rape.
According to the National Center for Victims of Crime a large proportion of rape committed in the United States is perpetrated by a family member: