Rapeseed

rapeseed oiloilseed raperaperape seedoil seed raperape oilB. napusoil-seed rapeoilseedscanola
Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola, is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family), cultivated mainly for its oil-rich seed.wikipedia
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Canola oil

canolacanola (rapeseed)canola (rapeseed) oil
Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola, is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family), cultivated mainly for its oil-rich seed. In 1973, Canadian agricultural scientists launched a marketing campaign to promote canola consumption.
Canola oil, or canola for short, is a vegetable oil derived from a variety of rapeseed that is low in erucic acid, as opposed to colza oil.

Vegetable oil

oilseedoilseedsoil
It is the third-largest source of vegetable oil in the world.
Soybean oil, rapeseed oil, and cocoa butter are examples of fats from seeds.

Brassicaceae

mustard familycruciferscabbage family
Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola, is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family), cultivated mainly for its oil-rich seed.
The family contains the cruciferous vegetables, including species such as Brassica oleracea (e.g., broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, collards), Brassica rapa (turnip, Chinese cabbage, etc.), Brassica napus (rapeseed, etc.), Raphanus sativus (common radish), Armoracia rusticana (horseradish), but also a cut-flower Matthiola (stock) and the model organism Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress).

Biodiesel

bio-dieselB20green diesel
Today, rapeseed is grown for the production of animal feed, edible vegetable oils, and biodiesel; leading producers include the European Union, Canada, China, India, and Australia.
The Volkswagen Group has released a statement indicating that several of its vehicles are compatible with B5 and B100 made from rape seed oil and compatible with the EN 14214 standard.

Erucic acid

Erucicerucic acidserusic acid
Natural rapeseed oil contains 50% erucic acid.
It is prevalent in wallflower seed with a reported content of 20 to 54% in high erucic acid rapeseed oil, and 42% in mustard oil.

Colza oil

colzarapeseed oil
In 1981, a deadly outbreak of disease in Spain, known as toxic oil syndrome, was caused by the consumption of colza oil (a cousin of rapeseed oil procured from a similar species of B. rapa) for industrial use that was fraudulently sold as olive oil to be consumed in cooking, salads, and other foods.
Colza oil or colza is a non-drying oil obtained from the seeds of rapeseed (Brassica napus subsp.

Diesel fuel

dieseldiesel oilgas oil
Biodiesel may be used in pure form in newer engines without engine damage and is frequently combined with fossil-fuel diesel in ratios varying from 2% to 20% biodiesel.
It can be produced from many types of oils, the most common being rapeseed oil (rapeseed methyl ester, RME) in Europe and soybean oil (soy methyl ester, SME) in the US.

Flea beetle

flea beetlesflea-”Altisides”
Flea beetles (Phyllotreta sp.)
Many major agricultural crops are attacked by flea beetles, including various cruciferous plants such as mustard and rapeseed (particularly canola in northwestern North America).

Lorenzo's oil

oil
In 1985, Augusto Odone, with the help of British chemist Don Suddaby, combined rapeseed oil with olive oil to create Lorenzo's oil which halted progression of Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) in Lorenzo Odone.
Lorenzo’s oil is 4 parts glycerol trioleate and 1 part glycerol trierucate, which are the triacylglycerol forms of oleic acid and erucic acid and are prepared from olive oil and rapeseed oil.

Brassicogethes aeneus

Meligethes aeneus''/''Brassicogethes aeneus
Pollen beetle (Meligethes aeneus)
M. aenus is an important pest of oilseed rape.

Honey bee

honeybeehoneybeeshoney bees
Rapeseed produces great quantities of nectar, and honeybees produce a light-colored but peppery honey from it.
The gut microbial composition of workers varies according to the landscape and plant species they forage, such as differences in rapeseed crops, and with different hive tasks, such as nursing or food processing.

Lipid

lipidsglycerolipidfat
In Europe, rapeseed is primarily cultivated for animal feed, due to its very high lipid and medium protein content.
Alpha-linolenic acid is found in the green leaves of plants, and in selected seeds, nuts, and legumes (in particular flax, rapeseed, walnut, and soy).

Pieris brassicae

large whitecabbage whitelarge whites
Large white butterflies (Pieris brassicae)
They primarily hover around these locations, which should contain both wild and cultivated crucifer, as well as oil-seed rape, cabbages, and Brussels sprouts.

Leptosphaeria maculans

blacklegblack legBlackleg (''Brassica'')
Blackleg (caused by the fungus species Leptosphaeria maculans)
L. maculans is especially virulent on Brassica napus.

Volunteer (botany)

volunteervolunteer plantvolunteer plants
Other farmers claim, after spraying Roundup in non-canola fields to kill weeds before planting, 'Roundup Ready' volunteers are left behind, causing extra expense to rid their fields of the weeds.
For example, volunteer winter wheat will germinate to quite high levels in a following oilseed rape crop, usually requiring chemical control measures.

Triangle of U

Brassica'' triangleoriginated
* Triangle of U
AACC – 2n=4x=38 – Brassica napus – rapeseed, rutabaga

Cultivar

cultivarsvarietycultivated variety
Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola, is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family), cultivated mainly for its oil-rich seed.

Germplasm Resources Information Network

GRINGRIN Taxonomy for PlantsGermplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
This list is from the Germplasm Resources Information Network, which attributes the names to other sources:

Rutabaga

swedeswedesneeps
B. napus subsp. rapifera – rutabaga, swede (treated as B. napus var. napobrassica), Swedish turnip (treated as B. napus Napobrassica group), and winter rape

Agricultural science

agriculturalistagricultural scientistagricultural research
In 1973, Canadian agricultural scientists launched a marketing campaign to promote canola consumption.

Animal feed

feedanimal feedscompound feed
Today, rapeseed is grown for the production of animal feed, edible vegetable oils, and biodiesel; leading producers include the European Union, Canada, China, India, and Australia.

United States Department of Agriculture

USDADepartment of AgricultureU.S. Department of Agriculture
According to the United States Department of Agriculture, rapeseed was the third-leading source of vegetable oil in the world in 2000, after soybean and palm oil.

Soybean

soysoybeanssoya
According to the United States Department of Agriculture, rapeseed was the third-leading source of vegetable oil in the world in 2000, after soybean and palm oil.

Palm oil

palmoilpalm-oil
According to the United States Department of Agriculture, rapeseed was the third-leading source of vegetable oil in the world in 2000, after soybean and palm oil.

Protein

proteinsprotein synthesisproteinaceous
It is the world's second-leading source of protein meal after soybean.