Raptio

abductedAbduction of womenrapeacquire wivesmass marriage by abduction
Raptio (in archaic or literary English rendered as rape) is a Latin term for the large-scale abduction of women, i.e. kidnapping for marriage or enslavement (particularly sexual slavery).wikipedia
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Bride kidnapping

abductionmarriage by abductionabducted
Bride kidnapping is distinguished from raptio in that the former is the abduction of one woman by one man (and his friends and relatives), whereas the latter is the abduction of many women by groups of men, possibly in a time of war.
Bride kidnapping is distinguished from raptio in that the former refers to the abduction of one woman by one man (and his friends and relatives), and is still a widespread practice, whereas the latter refers to the large scale abduction of women by groups of men, possibly in a time of war (see also war rape).

Marriage

married couplesopposite-sex married couplesmarried
Raptio (in archaic or literary English rendered as rape) is a Latin term for the large-scale abduction of women, i.e. kidnapping for marriage or enslavement (particularly sexual slavery).
In previous times, raptio was a larger-scale version of this, with groups of women captured by groups of men, sometimes in war; the most famous example is The Rape of the Sabine Women, which provided the first citizens of Rome with their wives.

The Rape of the Sabine Women

Rape of the Sabine WomenRape of the SabinesSabine women
It is contested that the legendary event known as "The Rape of the Sabine Women", while ultimately motivated sexually, did not entail sexual violation of the Sabine women on the spot, who were instead abducted, and then implored by the Romans to marry them (as opposed to striking a deal with their fathers or brothers first, as would have been required by law).
The word "rape" is the conventional translation of the Latin word raptio used in the ancient accounts of the incident.

The Fantasticks

The Fantastiksoff-Broadway production of the same namesecond longest-running
The musical comedy The Fantasticks has a controversial song ("It Depends on What You Pay") about "an old-fashioned rape".
The hired professional, El Gallo, appears and offers the fathers a menu of different varieties of "rape" – in the literary sense of an abduction or kidnapping – that he can simulate ("It Depends on What You Pay").

Endemic warfare

tribal warfarewarfareinter-tribal warfare
Abduction of women is a common practice in warfare among tribal societies, along with cattle raiding.
Among the Chimbu and the Dugum Dani, pig theft was the most common cause of conflict, even more frequent than abduction of women, while among the Yanomamö, the most frequent initial cause of warfare was accusations of sorcery.

Chibok schoolgirls kidnapping

Chibok schoolgirl kidnappingBring Back Our Girls2014 Chibok kidnapping

Old English

Anglo-SaxonSaxonAnglo Saxon
Raptio (in archaic or literary English rendered as rape) is a Latin term for the large-scale abduction of women, i.e. kidnapping for marriage or enslavement (particularly sexual slavery).

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
Raptio (in archaic or literary English rendered as rape) is a Latin term for the large-scale abduction of women, i.e. kidnapping for marriage or enslavement (particularly sexual slavery). English rape was in use since the 14th century in the general sense of "seize prey, take by force", from raper, an Old French legal term for "to seize", in turn from Latin rapere "seize, carry off by force, abduct".

Kidnapping

kidnapkidnappedabduction
Raptio (in archaic or literary English rendered as rape) is a Latin term for the large-scale abduction of women, i.e. kidnapping for marriage or enslavement (particularly sexual slavery).

Slavery

slaveslavesenslaved
Raptio (in archaic or literary English rendered as rape) is a Latin term for the large-scale abduction of women, i.e. kidnapping for marriage or enslavement (particularly sexual slavery).

Sexual slavery

sexual exploitationsex slavewhite slavery
Raptio (in archaic or literary English rendered as rape) is a Latin term for the large-scale abduction of women, i.e. kidnapping for marriage or enslavement (particularly sexual slavery).

German language

GermanGerman-languageGerman-speaking
The equivalent term Frauenraub (literally wife robbery), originally from German, is used in English in the field of art history.

Art history

art historianart historiansart historical
The equivalent term Frauenraub (literally wife robbery), originally from German, is used in English in the field of art history.

Literary language

literaryformal writingliterary English
Raptio (in archaic or literary English rendered as rape) is a Latin term for the large-scale abduction of women, i.e. kidnapping for marriage or enslavement (particularly sexual slavery).

Rapture

The Rapturepre-tribulationalMid-tribulation rapture
The word is akin to rapine, rapture, raptor, rapacious and ravish, and referred to the more general violations, such as looting, destruction, and capture of citizens, that are inflicted upon a town or country during war, e.g. the Rape of Nanking.

Raptor

Raptor (disambiguation)
The word is akin to rapine, rapture, raptor, rapacious and ravish, and referred to the more general violations, such as looting, destruction, and capture of citizens, that are inflicted upon a town or country during war, e.g. the Rape of Nanking.

Looting

plunderlootedpillage
The word is akin to rapine, rapture, raptor, rapacious and ravish, and referred to the more general violations, such as looting, destruction, and capture of citizens, that are inflicted upon a town or country during war, e.g. the Rape of Nanking.

War

warfarearmed conflictconflict
The word is akin to rapine, rapture, raptor, rapacious and ravish, and referred to the more general violations, such as looting, destruction, and capture of citizens, that are inflicted upon a town or country during war, e.g. the Rape of Nanking.

Nanjing Massacre

Nanking MassacreRape of NankingRape of Nanjing
The word is akin to rapine, rapture, raptor, rapacious and ravish, and referred to the more general violations, such as looting, destruction, and capture of citizens, that are inflicted upon a town or country during war, e.g. the Rape of Nanking.

Oxford English Dictionary

OEDOxford DictionaryThe Oxford English Dictionary
The Oxford English Dictionary gives the definition "the act of carrying away a person, especially a woman, by force" besides the more general "the act of taking anything by force" (marked as obsolete) and the more specific "violation or ravishing of a woman".

Old French

FrenchMedieval FrenchOF
English rape was in use since the 14th century in the general sense of "seize prey, take by force", from raper, an Old French legal term for "to seize", in turn from Latin rapere "seize, carry off by force, abduct".

Alexander Pope

PopeMr. PopeM. Pope
In Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock, the title means "the theft of a lock [of hair]", exaggerating a trivial violation against a person.

The Rape of the Lock

Rape of the Locklocks raped
In Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock, the title means "the theft of a lock [of hair]", exaggerating a trivial violation against a person.

J. R. R. Tolkien

J.R.R. TolkienTolkienJRR Tolkien
In the twentieth century, the classically trained J. R. R. Tolkien used the word with its old meaning of "seizing and taking away" in his The Silmarillion.