Ras Hafun

Hafun peninsulaPeninsula of HafunRàs HafunXaafuun Peninsula
Ras Hafun (Ras Xaafuun, رأس حـافـون, Capo Hafun), also known as Cape Hafun, is a promontory in the northeastern Bari region of Somalia.wikipedia
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Cape Guardafui

FilukCape Guardafui LighthouseGardafuul
The area is situated near the Cape Guardafui headland.
Its shore at 51°27'52"E is the second easternmost point on mainland Africa after Ras Hafun. Its adjacent locality is called Ras Asir. The offshore oceanic strait Guardafui Channel (or Marinka Gardafuul) is named after it.

Hafun

Ras HafunChori HordioDante
The fishing town of Hafun is located on the promontory, 2.0 km east of the sand spit.
Situated in Ras Hafun on the coast of the Guardafui Channel, it is the centre of the Hafun District, and the easternmost town in continental Africa.

East Africa

Eastern AfricaEastEastern
Jutting out into the Guardafui Channel, it constitutes the easternmost point in Africa.
The easternmost point of the continent, that is Ras Hafun in Somalia, is of archaeological, historical and economical importance.

Opone

Opone/Xāfūn
The peninsula is believed to be the location of the old trade emporium of Opone.
Through archaeological remains, the historic port has been identified with the city of Hafun on the Hafun peninsula in modern-day Northeast Somalia.

Guardafui Channel

Marinka GardafuulSocotra Passage
Jutting out into the Guardafui Channel, it constitutes the easternmost point in Africa. Ras Hafun and its line of latitude separate the Guardafui Channel to its north, from the Somali Sea to its south.
The oceanic strait goes by many names, including the Ras Hafun Strait, named after the headland of Ras Hafun, near the town of Foar, the Ras Asir-Socotra Strait, the Cape Guardafui Strait, the Guardafui-Socotra Channel Guardafui Channel Cape Guardafui Channel, Socotra Strait, and Socotra Passage.

Africa

African continentAfricanAfrican politics
Jutting out into the Guardafui Channel, it constitutes the easternmost point in Africa.
From the most northerly point, Ras ben Sakka in Tunisia (37°21' N), to the most southerly point, Cape Agulhas in South Africa (34°51'15" S), is a distance of approximately 8,000 km. Cape Verde, 17°33'22" W, the westernmost point, is a distance of approximately 7,400 km to Ras Hafun, 51°27'52" E, the most easterly projection that neighbours Cape Guardafui, the tip of the Horn of Africa.

Periplus of the Erythraean Sea

Periplus Maris ErythraeiPeriplusPeriplus of the Erythrean Sea
The latter is mentioned in the anonymous Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, written in the first century CE.
Ras Hafun in northern Somalia is believed to be the location of the ancient trade center of Opone.

Damo, Somalia

Damo
The Damo site, in particular, was suggested by Chittick to correspond with the Periplus' "Market and Cape of Spices".
Based on his discoveries, Chittick suggested in particular that the Damo site in the Peninsula of Hafun likely corresponded with the Periplus' "Market and Cape of Spices".

Neville Chittick

H. Neville Chittick
In the 1970s, a Somali-British archaeological expedition in Hafun and other parts of northern Somalia, led by Neville Chittick, recovered numerous examples of historical artefacts and structures, including ancient coins, Roman pottery, drystone buildings, cairns, masjids, walled enclosures, standing stones and platform monuments.
Based on his discoveries, Chittick suggested in particular that the Damo site in the Hafun peninsula likely corresponded with the Periplus' "Market and Cape of Spices".

Puntland

Puntland State of SomaliaGeography of PuntlandClimate of Puntland
There are several major geographical apexes in Puntland, including the Cape Guardafui which forms the tip of the Horn of Africa, Ras Hafun the easternmost place on the entire African continent, and the beginning of the karkaar mountain range.

SS Jeddah

S.S. ''JeddahJeddahS.S. Jeddah
On 3 August 1880, while off Ras Hafun in hurricane-force winds and heavy seas, the ship's boilers drifted from their seatings.

2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami

2004 Indian Ocean earthquake2004 Indian Ocean tsunami2004 tsunami
In December 2004, Hafun was struck by a tsunami caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.
Most of the victims were reported along the low-lying Xaafuun Peninsula.

Promontory

promontoriespointness
Ras Hafun (Ras Xaafuun, رأس حـافـون, Capo Hafun), also known as Cape Hafun, is a promontory in the northeastern Bari region of Somalia.

Foar

It is joined to the mainland at the town of Foar, by a sand spit 20.0 km long, 1.0 – in width, and 5.0 m above sea level.

Spit (landform)

spitsand spitspits
It is joined to the mainland at the town of Foar, by a sand spit 20.0 km long, 1.0 – in width, and 5.0 m above sea level.

Sea level

mean sea levelMSLAMSL
It is joined to the mainland at the town of Foar, by a sand spit 20.0 km long, 1.0 – in width, and 5.0 m above sea level.

Somali Sea

Ras Hafun and its line of latitude separate the Guardafui Channel to its north, from the Somali Sea to its south.

Peninsula

peninsularpointpeninsulas
The peninsula is believed to be the location of the old trade emporium of Opone.

Common Era

CEBCEC.E.
The latter is mentioned in the anonymous Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, written in the first century CE.

Trade route

trade routesexport goodtrading route
Opone is described therein as a busy port city, strategically located on the trade route that spanned the length of the Indian Ocean's rim.

Indian Ocean

IndianIndoSouthern Indian Ocean
Opone is described therein as a busy port city, strategically located on the trade route that spanned the length of the Indian Ocean's rim.