Ravenna

Ravenna, ItalyCastiglione di RavennaRavenneseSavioSavio (Ravenna)(RA)Early Christian Monuments of RavennaGodohistoryLugo di Ravenna
Ravenna (,, also ; ) is the capital city of the Province of Ravenna, in the Emilia-Romagna region of Northern Italy.wikipedia
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Emilia-Romagna

Emilia RomagnaEmilia–RomagnaEmilia
Ravenna (,, also ; ) is the capital city of the Province of Ravenna, in the Emilia-Romagna region of Northern Italy.
Emilia-Romagna is also a cultural and tourist centre, being the home of the University of Bologna, the oldest university in the world, containing Romanesque and Renaissance cities (such as Modena, Parma and Ferrara), a former Eastern Roman Empire capital such as Ravenna, encompassing eleven UNESCO heritage sites, being a centre for food and automobile production (home of automotive companies such as Ferrari, Lamborghini, Maserati, Pagani, De Tomaso and Ducati) and having popular coastal resorts such as Cervia, Cesenatico, Rimini and Riccione.

Exarchate of Ravenna

Exarch of RavennaRavennaExarch
Afterwards, the city formed the centre of the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna until the invasion of the Lombards in 751, after which it became the seat of the Kingdom of the Lombards.
Ravenna became the capital of the Western Roman Empire in 402 under Honorius, due to its fine harbour with access to the Adriatic and its ideal defensive location amidst impassable marshes.

Ostrogothic Kingdom

OstrogothsOstrogothicKingdom of the Ostrogoths
It then served as the capital of the Ostrogothic Kingdom until it was re-conquered in 540 by the Byzantine Empire.
The Ostrogothic ruler at that time, Witiges, could not defend the kingdom successfully and was finally captured when the capital Ravenna fell.

Province of Ravenna

RavennaRAprovinces of Ravenna
Ravenna (,, also ; ) is the capital city of the Province of Ravenna, in the Emilia-Romagna region of Northern Italy.
Its capital is the city of Ravenna.

Rubicon

Rubicon RiverRubiconeFiumicino river
In 49 BC, it was the location where Julius Caesar gathered his forces before crossing the Rubicon.
The Rubicon (Rubicō, Rubicone ) is a shallow river in northeastern Italy, just south of Ravenna.

Classe, ancient port of Ravenna

ClassisClasseClassis (port)
Later, after his battle against Mark Antony in 31 BC, Emperor Augustus founded the military harbor of Classe.
Classe was a commercial port located 4 km east south east from Ravenna, Italy.

Candiano Canal

Although it is an inland city, Ravenna is connected to the Adriatic Sea by the Candiano Canal.
The Candiano Canal, also known as the Canal Corsini, is a canal connecting the Italian city of Ravenna to the Adriatic Sea.

Northern Italy

northernNorthern ItalianNorth
Ravenna (,, also ; ) is the capital city of the Province of Ravenna, in the Emilia-Romagna region of Northern Italy.
In late antiquity the strategic role of Northern Italy was emphasized by the moving of the capital of the Western Empire from Rome to Mediolanum in 286 and later to Ravenna from 402 until the empire collapsed in 476.

Kingdom of the Lombards

Lombard KingdomLombardsLombard
Afterwards, the city formed the centre of the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna until the invasion of the Lombards in 751, after which it became the seat of the Kingdom of the Lombards.
Helmichis and Rosamund's attempt to usurp power in place of the assassinated Alboin, however, gained little support from Lombard duchies, and they were forced to flee together to the Byzantine territory before getting married in Ravenna.

Po (river)

PoPo RiverRiver Po
The Romans ignored it during their conquest of the Po River Delta, but later accepted it into the Roman Republic as a federated town in 89 BC.
Created by law in 1988, it is managed by a consortium, the Consorzio per la gestione de Parco, to which Ferrara and Ravenna provinces belong as well as nine comuni: Comacchio, Argenta, Ostellato, Goro, Mesola, Codigoro, Ravenna, Alfonsine, and Cervia.

Sack of Rome (410)

Sack of Romesacked Rome410 Sack of Rome
However, in 409, King Alaric I of the Visigoths simply bypassed Ravenna, and went on to sack Rome in 410 and to take Galla Placidia, daughter of Emperor Theodosius I, hostage.
At that time, Rome was no longer the capital of the Western Roman Empire, having been replaced in that position first by Mediolanum in 286 and then by Ravenna in 402.

Valentinian III

ValentinianEmperor Valentinian IIIValentinianus III
After many vicissitudes, Galla Placidia returned to Ravenna with her son, Emperor Valentinian III, due to the support of her nephew Theodosius II.
Valentinian was born in the western capital of Ravenna, the only son of Galla Placidia and Flavius Constantius.

Milan

Milan, ItalyMilanoMilano, Italy
In AD 402, Emperor Honorius transferred the capital of the Western Roman Empire from Milan to Ravenna.
In 402 the Visigoths besieged the city and the Emperor Honorius moved the Imperial residence to Ravenna.

Byzantine Empire

ByzantineEastern Roman EmpireByzantines
It then served as the capital of the Ostrogothic Kingdom until it was re-conquered in 540 by the Byzantine Empire.
In 535, a small Byzantine expedition to Sicily met with easy success, but the Goths soon stiffened their resistance, and victory did not come until 540, when Belisarius captured Ravenna, after successful sieges of Naples and Rome.

Mausoleum of Theodoric

Mausoleum of TheodericmausoleumChurch of Santa Maria Rotonda
Theodoric, following his imperial predecessors, also built many splendid buildings in and around Ravenna, including his palace church Sant'Apollinare Nuovo, an Arian cathedral (now Santo Spirito) and Baptistery, and his own Mausoleum just outside the walls.
The Mausoleum of Theodoric (Mausoleo di Teodorico) is an ancient monument just outside Ravenna, Italy.

Adriatic Sea

AdriaticAdriatic coastThe Adriatic
Although it is an inland city, Ravenna is connected to the Adriatic Sea by the Candiano Canal.
There are also some larger cities that are located very near the coast, such as the Italian cities of Ravenna and Lecce.

Odoacer

Kingdom of ItalyKingdom of OdoacerOdovacer
The late 5th century saw the dissolution of Roman authority in the west, and the last person to hold the title of emperor in the West was deposed in 476 by the general Odoacer.
Theodoric invaded Italy in 489 and by August 490 had captured almost the entire peninsula, forcing Odoacer to take refuge in Ravenna.

Mausoleum of Galla Placidia

Galla PlacidiaMausoleum
Ravenna enjoyed a period of peace, during which time the Christian religion was favoured by the imperial court, and the city gained some of its most famous monuments, including the Orthodox Baptistery, the misnamed Mausoleum of Galla Placidia (she was not actually buried there), and San Giovanni Evangelista.
The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia is a Roman building in Ravenna, Italy.

Honorius (emperor)

HonoriusEmperor HonoriusFlavius Honorius
In AD 402, Emperor Honorius transferred the capital of the Western Roman Empire from Milan to Ravenna.
At first Honorius based his capital in Milan, but when the Visigoths under King Alaric I entered Italy in 401 he moved his capital to the coastal city of Ravenna, which was protected by a ring of marshes and strong fortifications.

Basilica of San Vitale

San VitaleSan Vitale, RavennaChurch of San Vitale
Surviving monuments include the Basilica of San Vitale and the Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe, as well as the partially surviving San Michele in Africisco.
The Basilica of San Vitale is a church in Ravenna, Italy, and one of the most important surviving examples of early Christian Byzantine art and architecture in Europe.

Western Roman Empire

Western EmpireWesternWest
In AD 402, Emperor Honorius transferred the capital of the Western Roman Empire from Milan to Ravenna. It was the capital city of the Western Roman Empire from 402 until that empire collapsed in 476.
The western capital was initially Mediolanum, as it had been during previous divisions, but it was moved to Ravenna in 402 upon the entry of the Visigothic king Alaric I into Italy.

Lombards

LombardLongobardsLongobard
Afterwards, the city formed the centre of the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna until the invasion of the Lombards in 751, after which it became the seat of the Kingdom of the Lombards.
In 572, Alboin was murdered in Verona in a plot led by his wife, Rosamund, who later fled to Ravenna.

San Giovanni Evangelista, Ravenna

San Giovanni Evangelistachurch dedicated to Saint John the EvangelistChurch of San Giovanni Evangelista
Ravenna enjoyed a period of peace, during which time the Christian religion was favoured by the imperial court, and the city gained some of its most famous monuments, including the Orthodox Baptistery, the misnamed Mausoleum of Galla Placidia (she was not actually buried there), and San Giovanni Evangelista.
San Giovanni Evangelista is a church in Ravenna, Italy.

Rome

Rome, ItalyRomanRoma
However, in 409, King Alaric I of the Visigoths simply bypassed Ravenna, and went on to sack Rome in 410 and to take Galla Placidia, daughter of Emperor Theodosius I, hostage.
The seat of government in the Western Roman Empire was transferred to Ravenna after the Siege of Milan in 402.

Romulus Augustulus

Romulus AugustusRomulusAugustulus
The late 5th century saw the dissolution of Roman authority in the west, and the last person to hold the title of emperor in the West was deposed in 476 by the general Odoacer.
With the capital of Ravenna under his control, Orestes appointed his son Romulus to the throne despite the lack of support from the eastern court in Constantinople.