Reading, Pennsylvania

The 500-block of Court Street in Downtown Reading, with Berks County courthouse on the left
Reading urbanized area (part), 1950
Reading downtown as seen from Penn and 2nd Streets
BARTA bus in downtown Reading
Reading Franklin Street Terminal
Lake Ontelaunee supplies water to Reading.
The Reading Fire Museum
Reading High School
FirstEnergy Stadium, 2006
Reading Public Museum in 2011
Downtown Reading
Reading's Pagoda seen from Skyline Drive
David McMurtrie Gregg (1922) by Augustus Lukeman

City in and the county seat of Berks County, Pennsylvania, in the United States.

- Reading, Pennsylvania

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Delaware Valley

Metropolitan region on the East Coast of the United States that comprises and surrounds Philadelphia, the sixth most populous city in the nation as of 2020 and 67th largest city in the world.

The drainage basin of the Delaware River.
The Delaware Valley is part of a larger urbanized area known as the Northeast megalopolis
Ocean City, New Jersey
Wilmington, Delaware
Grave of some of the 57 Irish victims of Duffy's Cut in West Laurel Hill Cemetery in Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania. Irish Americans make up the largest ethnicity in the Delaware Valley.
Philadelphia's Chinatown is home to many Chinese and Vietnamese restaurants.
Hindu Temple of Delaware in Delaware Valley
West Chester, Pennsylvania
The grand concourse at Philadelphia's 30th Street Station, which serves Amtrak, SEPTA Regional Rail, and NJ Transit's Atlantic City Line
The Schuylkill Expressway (Interstate 76) in Center City Philadelphia
Ben Franklin Bridge
Philadelphia International Airport
Citizens Bank Park, home of the Philadelphia Phillies
Philadelphia, the most populous city in the Delaware Valley and sixth most populous city in the nation with over 1.6 million residents
Reading, Pennsylvania
SEPTA's Market-Frankford Line at 63rd Street Station in West Philadelphia

Other major urban population centers in the Delaware Valley include the cities of Reading and Upper Darby Township in Pennsylvania and Atlantic City, Camden and Cherry Hill in New Jersey.

Reading Company

Railroad in eastern Pennsylvania and neighboring states that operated from 1924 until its 1976 acquisition by Conrail.

Original Philadelphia & Reading logo
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad daily passenger train time table, 1854
Philadelphia and Reading Rail Road route map (1873)
1884 map of the Pennsylvania Railroad, Reading and Lehigh Valley Railroads, soon after the Reading jointly acquired the Philadelphia and Atlantic City Railway with the Central Railroad of New Jersey
Gold Bond of the Reading Company, issued 19. June 1902
Vauclain compound Atlantic engaged in "the fastest regular service in the world", circa 1907.
A 1914 picture of Reading Class M1sa showing the cab behind the wide Wootten Firebox, a first for the Reading
Reading Railway 2-10-2 no. 3000
A Reading train departs Reading Terminal, September 1964
A Reading electric at Reading Terminal, Philadelphia in September 1964
Reading ALCO C424 5202 at Rutherford Yard in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania in 1970
Electrified Reading commuter train led by Silverliner II 9002 in Philadelphia in 1964
Reading electric commuter trains at Reading Terminal, September 1964
The Reading's locomotive shops behind Reading Blue Mountain and Northern locomotives gp30 No. 5513, 4-6-2 No. 425, and 4-8-4 No. 2102 at the city of Reading in 1985

Primarily, the P&R was constructed to haul anthracite coal from the mines in northeastern Pennsylvania's Coal Region to Philadelphia.The original P&R mainline extended south from the mining town of Pottsville to Reading and then onward to Philadelphia, following the gently graded banks of the Schuylkill River for nearly all of the 93-mile (150-km) journey.

Pennsylvania Dutch language

Variety of West Central German spoken by the Old Order Amish, Old Order Mennonites and other descendants of German immigrants in the United States and Canada, closely related to the Palatine dialects.

Area where Rhine Franconian is spoken. 1 Hessian, 2 Palatinate German 3 Lorraine Franconian
Pennsylvania German Sticker "We still speak the mother tongue"

The practice of Pennsylvania Dutch as a street language in urban areas of Pennsylvania (such as Allentown, Reading, Lancaster and York) was declining by the arrival of the 20th century, but in more rural areas it continued in widespread use until World War II.

Allentown, Pennsylvania

City in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, in the United States.

Trout Hall, built between 1768 and 1770 by James Allen, son of Allentown founder William Allen, is one of the oldest houses in Allentown. From 1867 to 1905, it served as the home of Muhlenberg College.
Erected by Daughters of the American Revolution in 1928, this tablet in Old Allentown Cemetery on North 10th Street honors Allentown patriots from the American Revolutionary War, many of whom are buried in the cemetery.
Watercolor painting of the Liberty Bell's arrival at Zion Reformed Church in Allentown on September 24, 1777 during the American Revolution. The Liberty Bell was hidden beneath the Allentown church's floor boards for nine months, from September 1777 until June 1778, to avoid it being seized by the British Army.
The Hamilton Street Bridge in Allentown, constructed between 1812 and 1814, was the first bridge built across the Lehigh River. Three times since its initial construction (1841, 1862, and 1902), the bridge was destroyed by floods but subsequently rebuilt. In the 1980s, the bridge was extensively refurbished.
The Albertus L. Meyers Bridge, which crosses the Little Lehigh River at Eighth Street in Allentown, was the longest and highest concrete bridge in the world at the time of its 1913 opening.
A 1920 postcard of West End Park in Allentown and a statue of Ignatz Gresser, a Union Army soldier from Allentown who was bestowed the Medal of Honor for acts of valor in the Union Army's September 17, 1862 victory over Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army in the Battle of Antietam
The 50th reunion of the Allen Infantry of the Union Army's 47th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment at the Soldier's and Sailors Monument at Hamilton and South Seventh Streets in center city Allentown, May 1911
The Allentown Rolling Mill Company, a sizable 19th and early 20th century iron and steel manufacturer in Allentown, 1889
Postcard of delaide Silk Mill in Allentown, one of the world's largest silk mills of its time, 1910
Postcard of Allentown's Center Square at North Seventh and Hamilton Streets, 1910
Assembly plant of Mack Trucks in Allentown, 1945
Hamilton Street West from Sixth Street in Allentown, 1950
Richard Nixon and his motorcade on Hamilton Street in Allentown, October 1960
Hamilton Mall, a redevelopment project in Allentown's Central Business District, 1974
Construction of PPL Center in Allentown, the home arena of the Lehigh Valley Phantoms, the primary development team of the Philadelphia Flyers, September 2013
South Mountain, part of the Appalachian Mountain range, with Allentown in the foreground, December 2010
The city skyline of center city Allentown, Christmas 2017
Miller Symphony Hall on North Sixth Street, home of the Allentown Symphony Orchestra, July 2008
Nineteenth Street Theater, opened in 1928, is Allentown's oldest cinema, May 2004
Baum School of Art on West Linden Street in Allentown, January 2009
A cafe on 19th Street in Allentown's West End, July 2007
Coca-Cola Park in Allentown is home to the Lehigh Valley IronPigs, the Triple-A affiliate of the Philadelphia Phillies, April 2009.
PPL Center in center city Allentown, home arena for the Lehigh Valley Phantoms of the American Hockey League, February 2017
Little Lehigh Creek in Lehigh Parkway in Allentown, September 2012
Allen High School on North 17th Street, one of Allentown's two large public high schools, July 2008
Muhlenberg College in Allentown, March 2014
The Morning Call building on North Sixth Street in Allentown, July 2008
Hamilton Street in downtown Allentown, November 2007
1915 postcard of Allentown station at Fourth and Hamilton Streets. The station opened in 1890, closed in 1961, and was demolished in 1972.
Lehigh Valley International Airport, Pennsylvania's fourth busiest airport, is three miles (5 km) northeast of Allentown in Hanover Township, March 2014
Lehigh Valley Hospital on Cedar Crest Boulevard in Allentown, the largest hospital in the Lehigh Valley and third largest hospital in Pennsylvania with 877 beds and 46 operating rooms, July 2008
1974 postcard of Center City's Hamilton Mall, a failed attempt to redevelop Allentown's Central Business District as residents began fleeing for the city's suburbs in the 1970s
Entrance to PPL Center (on left) in Center City Allentown, October 2018
Center City Allentown at night, October 2020
Yocco's Hot Dogs, founded in 1922 by Lee Iacocca's uncle Theodore Iacocca, maintains four popular locations in Allentown and its suburbs

A subsequent survey done in 1753 for a road from Easton to Reading shows the location of a log house owned by Allen, situated near the western bank of Jordan Creek, which was believed to have been built around 1740.

Spencer Fullerton Baird

American naturalist, ornithologist, ichthyologist, herpetologist, and museum curator.

Spencer Fullerton Baird, as photographed by William Bell, 1867
Baird with his wife and daughter in Wood's Hole, Massachusetts. It was at Wood's Hole that Baird gained interest in ichthyology.

Spencer Fullerton Baird was born in Reading, Pennsylvania in 1823.

Berks County, Pennsylvania

County located in the U.S. commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

Location of Berks County (Reading, PA) in the Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA
Berks County Courthouse
Map of Berks County, Pennsylvania Public School Districts
Map of Berks County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).
A farm in Windsor Township

The county seat is Reading.

Schuylkill River

River running northwest to southeast in eastern Pennsylvania, which was improved by navigations into the Schuylkill Canal.

Winter scene
The Strawberry Mansion Bridge at dusk
The Fairmount Water Works on the Schuylkill River were once the source of Philadelphia's water supply and are now an attraction in Fairmount Park.
Allegory of the Schuylkill River, by William Rush, 1872, Philadelphia Museum of Art
Schuylkill River between Royersford and Spring City
The Schuylkill River looking north toward Center City Philadelphia from the South Street Bridge

The Tulpehocken Creek joins it at the western edge of Reading.

Pottstown, Pennsylvania

Pottsgrove Manor, located on the west end of town, was the home of John Potts.
Pottstown Roller Mill, 1725.
Schuylkill River Trail at the Pottstown Riverfront Park.
Mallard ducks as seen inside the Schuylkill River in the Pottstown Riverfront Park.
The Charles W. Dickinson Transportation Center is the main hub for all Pottstown Area Rapid Transit buses.
Aerial View of The Hill School.

Pottstown is a borough in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States about 40 mi northwest of Philadelphia and 20 mi southeast of Reading, on the Schuylkill River.

Lebanon, Pennsylvania

City in and the county seat of Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States.

Central Square in Lebanon, 1895
Lebanon's 12 ft, 150 pound New Year's Eve bologna
Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church
Reading Railroad station on Eighth Street

Lebanon is located in the central part of the Lebanon Valley, 26 mi east of Harrisburg and 29 mi west of Reading.


U.S. state spanning the Mid-Atlantic, Northeastern, and Appalachian regions of the United States.

William Penn, a Quaker and son of a prominent admiral, founded Pennsylvania in 1681
Shelter House in Emmaus, constructed in 1734 by Pennsylvania German settlers, is believed to be the oldest continuously occupied building structure in the Lehigh Valley and one of the oldest in Pennsylvania.
Independence Hall in Philadelphia, where the United States Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution were drafted and adopted in 1776 and 1787-88, respectively.
The July 1-3, 1863 Battle of Gettysburg in Gettysburg, which was a turning point in the Union Army's ultimate victory in the American Civil War, is depicted in this 1887 Thure de Thulstrup painting. Gettysburg was the Civil War's deadliest battle with 51,118 total casualties.
On November 19, 1863, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln (center, facing camera) arrived in Gettysburg and delivered the Gettysburg Address, considered one of the best-known speeches in American history.
Hazleton coal miners in 1900. Coal mining was a major economic activity in Pennsylvania in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Anti-nuclear protest in Harrisburg following the March 28, 1979 Three Mile Island accident in Londonderry Township, September 1979
The crash site of Flight 93 in Somerset County following the September 11 attacks
South Mountain with Allentown in the foreground, December 2010
Worlds End State Park in Sullivan County, June 2008
Köppen climate types in Pennsylvania
Autumn in North Branch Township in Wyoming County, October 2011
Allentown, the state's third largest city, May 2010
Pennsylvania jurist John Morton (1725–1777) was one of nine Pennsylvanians, the most of any of the Thirteen Colonies, to sign the Declaration of Independence. Other Pennsylvanians to sign the Declaration include George Clymer, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Morris, George Ross, Benjamin Rush, James Smith, George Taylor, and James Wilson.
Pennsylvania's population growth from 1790 to 2000
Pennsylvania's population distribution as of the 2000 census
An Amish family riding in a traditional Amish buggy in Lancaster County, May 2004
Bethlehem Steel in Bethlehem was one of the world's leading steel manufacturers for most of the 19th and 20th century. In 1982, it discontinued most of its operations, declared bankruptcy in 2001, and was dissolved in 2003.
Geo map of average income by location in Pennsylvania. Data shown is from the 2014 American Community Survey five-year estimate.
Wind Creek Bethlehem casino in Bethlehem, March 2014
Pennsylvania's 67 counties
The Pennsylvania State Capitol, built in 1906 in Harrisburg, June 2020
South Philadelphia High School on Broad Street in South Philadelphia, February 2010
Benjamin Franklin statue on the campus of the University of Pennsylvania, an Ivy League institution in Philadelphia and one of the top universities in the world, August 2007
Dorney Park and Wildwater Kingdom's Steel Force and Thunderhawk roller coasters in Allentown. Steel Force is the tenth longest steel rollercoaster in the world.
Road and rail map of Pennsylvania
U.S. Route 220 as it passes through Lamar Township, August 2010
30th Street Station in Philadelphia, Amtrak's third busiest train station in the nation, July 2016
The Pennsylvanian navigating the historic Horseshoe Curve near Altoona, May 2013
Philadelphia International Airport is the busiest airport in Pennsylvania and the 21st busiest overall in the United States
The Philadelphia Eagles are presented with the Vince Lombardi Trophy after winning Super Bowl LII, February 4, 2018
Citizens Bank Park in South Philadelphia, home of the Philadelphia Phillies, May 2009
NASCAR racing at Pocono Raceway in Long Pond, September 2006
Beaver Stadium, a 106,572 capacity stadium in University Park, is the home field of the Penn State Nittany Lions.
Geno's Steaks in South Philadelphia is widely credited with inventing the cheesesteak in 1933.
Hershey Chocolate Factory in Hershey, August 1976

Other major cities include Erie, Reading, Bethlehem, and Scranton.