Realm

kingdomrealmskingdomsdomainTúathveldi
A realm is a community or territory over which a sovereign rules.wikipedia
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Sovereignty

sovereignsovereign entitysovereign nation
A realm is a community or territory over which a sovereign rules.
One can also refer to a monarch who reigns over a sovereign realm as a sovereign.

Commonwealth realm

Commonwealth realmsrealmsCommonwealth
The term may commonly also be used to describe any one of the "Commonwealth realms", which are kingdoms in their own right and share the same person as monarch, though they are fully independent of each other.
Each realm functions as an independent co-equal kingdom from the other realms.

Realm of New Zealand

New Zealandrealmassociated states of New Zealand
More broadly, a "realm" may encompass territories that are subject to a monarch, yet are not a physical part of his or her "kingdom"; for example, the Cook Islands and Niue are considered parts of the Realm of New Zealand, although they are not part of New Zealand proper.
The Realm of New Zealand consists of the entire area (or realm) in which the monarch of New Zealand functions as head of state.

Kingdom

Empire

imperialempiresimperial power
A realm may also be a subdivision within an empire, if it has its own monarch, e.g. the German Empire.

German Empire

GermanyGermanImperial Germany
A realm may also be a subdivision within an empire, if it has its own monarch, e.g. the German Empire.

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
The word supposedly derives from medieval Latin regalimen, from regalis, of or belonging to a rex (king).

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
"Realm" is particularly used for those states whose name includes the word kingdom (for example, the United Kingdom), as elegant variation, to avoid clumsy repetition of the word in a sentence (for example, "The Queen's realm, the United Kingdom...").

Elegant variation

"Realm" is particularly used for those states whose name includes the word kingdom (for example, the United Kingdom), as elegant variation, to avoid clumsy repetition of the word in a sentence (for example, "The Queen's realm, the United Kingdom...").

Grand duchy

grand duchiesGrand Dukegrand ducal
It is also useful to describe those countries whose monarchs are called something other than "king" or "queen"; for example, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a realm but not a kingdom, since its monarch holds the title Grand Duke rather than King.

Luxembourg

Grand Duchy of LuxembourgLUXLuxemburg
It is also useful to describe those countries whose monarchs are called something other than "king" or "queen"; for example, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a realm but not a kingdom, since its monarch holds the title Grand Duke rather than King.

Monarchy

kingdommonarchieskingdoms
It is also useful to describe those countries whose monarchs are called something other than "king" or "queen"; for example, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a realm but not a kingdom, since its monarch holds the title Grand Duke rather than King.

Cook Islands

Cook IslandCookThe Cook Islands
More broadly, a "realm" may encompass territories that are subject to a monarch, yet are not a physical part of his or her "kingdom"; for example, the Cook Islands and Niue are considered parts of the Realm of New Zealand, although they are not part of New Zealand proper.

Niue

Niue IslandNiue-FekaiNiueans
More broadly, a "realm" may encompass territories that are subject to a monarch, yet are not a physical part of his or her "kingdom"; for example, the Cook Islands and Niue are considered parts of the Realm of New Zealand, although they are not part of New Zealand proper.

Metaphor

metaphorsmetaphoricalmetaphorically
Realm may also be used metaphorically to refer to an area of knowledge, expertise or habitat within which an individual or denizen is pre-eminent or dominant, e.g., "Shakespeare's realm was English drama," or "A lion's realm is the jungle".

Residency (domicile)

residentsinhabitantsresident
Realm may also be used metaphorically to refer to an area of knowledge, expertise or habitat within which an individual or denizen is pre-eminent or dominant, e.g., "Shakespeare's realm was English drama," or "A lion's realm is the jungle".

Principality

principalitiesprincedomecclesiastical principality

Babylon

BabilBabelAncient Babylon
Babylon was a key kingdom in ancient Mesopotamia from the 18th to 6th centuries BC.

Janapada

Janapadasancient Indiajana
The Janapadas were the realms, republics (ganapada) and kingdoms (saamarajya) of the Vedic period on the Indian subcontinent.

Kolathunadu

KolathunadKolathirisCannanore
Kolattunādu (Kola Swarupam, as Kingdom of Cannanore in foreign accounts, Chirakkal (Chericul) in later times) was one of the 4 most powerful kingdoms on the Malabar Coast during the arrival of Portuguese Armadas to India, the others being Zamorin, Kingdom of Cochin and Quilon.

Manipur (princely state)

ManipurKingdom of ManipurKangleipak
The Kingdom of Manipur or Kangleipak Kingdom was an ancient independent kingdom, from 1824 in a subsidiary alliance with British India, making it what was considered a princely state.

Mahajanapadas

Kingdoms of Ancient IndiaMahajanapadaancient India
The Mahājanapadas (महाजनपद, from maha, "great", and janapada "foothold of a people") were sixteen kingdoms or oligarchic republics that existed in ancient India from the sixth to fourth centuries BCE.

Reich

imperialRealmRijk
Reich is a German word analogous in meaning to the English word "realm".

Indigenous peoples of the Americas

Native AmericanNative Americansindigenous
In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, city-states, chiefdoms, states, kingdoms and empires.