Red River Colony

Red River SettlementRed RiverSelkirk SettlementRed River, ManitobaSelkirk settlerscolonyGovernorRed River Colony (or Selkirk Settlement)Red River MétisRed River settlements
The Red River Colony (or Selkirk Settlement) was a colonization project set up in 1811 by Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, on 300000 km2 of land.wikipedia
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Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk

Lord SelkirkEarl of SelkirkThomas Douglas
The Red River Colony (or Selkirk Settlement) was a colonization project set up in 1811 by Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, on 300000 km2 of land.
He was noteworthy as a Scottish philanthropist who sponsored immigrant settlements in Canada at the Red River Colony.

Assiniboia

District of AssiniboiaProvisional District of AssiniboiaAssiniboia Club
Selkirk, who once mocked the fur trade for rarely grossing more than £200, 000 and only having 3 ships employed in its service, gladly agreed to the terms.: Selkirk referred to this new territory as the District of Assiniboia.
The District of Assiniboia was a name used to describe the Red River Colony, mainly for official purposes, between 1812 and 1869.

Fort Douglas (Canada)

Fort Douglas
As the planting season had ended before the settlers could complete the construction of Fort Douglas, they were forced to hunt bison for food and were completely unprepared for the arrival of 120 additional settlers in October.
Fort Douglas was the Selkirk Settlement (Red River Colony) fort and the first fort associated with the Hudson's Bay Company near the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers in today's city of Winnipeg.

Pemmican War

disbandmentinvoked its royal charter
The Pemmican War that was initiated by Macdonell's proclamation was only the tail end of a much larger conflict between the Hudson's Bay Company and its fur trade rivals, both English and French, in Montreal.
The Pemmican War was a series of armed confrontations during the North American fur trade between the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) and the North West Company (NWC) in the years following the establishment of the Red River Colony in 1812 by Lord Selkirk.

Rupert's Land

Rupert’s LandPrince Rupert's LandRuperts Land
This land was granted to him by the Hudson's Bay Company, which is referred to as the Selkirk Concession, which included the portions of Rupert's Land, or the watershed of Hudson Bay, bounded on the north by the line of 52° N latitude roughly from the Assiniboine River east to Lake Winnipegosis.
In 1839 the Hudson's Bay Company were convinced of the need to dispense formal justice throughout Rupert's Land and established a court at the Red River Colony, in the "District of Assiniboia", south of Lake Winnipeg.

Selkirk Concession

AssiniboiaSelkirk
This land was granted to him by the Hudson's Bay Company, which is referred to as the Selkirk Concession, which included the portions of Rupert's Land, or the watershed of Hudson Bay, bounded on the north by the line of 52° N latitude roughly from the Assiniboine River east to Lake Winnipegosis.
Selkirk's settlement, commonly known as the Red River Colony, was embroiled in these issues, meeting resistance from fur traders of the NWC as well as from the local Métis population.

James Sinclair (fur trader)

James SinclairSinclair Sinclair
In 1841 James Sinclair guided 200 settlers from the Red River Colony west in an attempt to retain the Columbia District for Britain.
He twice led large parties of settlers from the Red River colony to the Columbia River valley.

Pemmican Proclamation

[6]
Dogged by poor harvests and a growing population, Macdonell, now governor of Red River, issued the Pemmican Proclamation in January 1814 to prevent the export of pemmican from the colony.
The Red River Colony or the Selkirk Settlement included portions of present-day southern Manitoba, northern Minnesota and eastern North Dakota, in addition to small parts of eastern Saskatchewan, northwestern Ontario and northeastern South Dakota.

Lake Winnipeg

WinnipegWinnipeg LakeLake Winnipeg, Manitoba
It then formed a line of 52° 30′ N latitude from Lake Winnipegosis to Lake Winnipeg, and by the Winnipeg River, Lake of the Woods and Rainy River.
Later, the Red River Colony to its south took the lake's name for Winnipeg, the capital of Manitoba.

John McLoughlin

Dr. John McLoughlinDr. McLoughlinDr. Jean-Baptiste/John McLoughlin
Travelling with a force of approximately 100 soldiers from the recently disbanded Swiss and German Regiment de Meuron, Selkirk captured Fort William, the North West Company headquarters, and captured several key agents including William McGillivray, Kenneth McKenzie and John McLoughlin.
In 1816, McLoughlin was charged with complicity in the massacre at the Red River Colony after the Battle of Seven Oaks.

Robert Semple (Canada)

Robert SempleGovernor SempleSemple
He was replaced by Robert Semple who took over as governor the following winter and reinforced the colony's 45 survivors with 84 additional settlers.
Selkirk's settlers first arrived at the Red River settlement in August 1812.

Battle of Seven Oaks

Battle of Seven Oaks (1816)its conflictSeven Oaks
The following year Semple and twenty other settlers were killed in the Battle of Seven Oaks and the settlement was abandoned once again.
Miles MacDonell was the governor of the Red River Colony in 1814, the area around Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Louis Riel

RielexecutionRiel Rebellions
Americans who supported annexation by the US tried to depict themselves as favorable figures in the eyes of the Métis by associating themselves with Louis Riel.
The Red River Settlement was a community in Rupert's Land nominally administered by the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), and largely inhabited by First Nations tribes and the Métis, an ethnic group of mixed Cree, Ojibwa, Saulteaux, French-Canadian, Scottish, and English descent.

Hudson's Bay Company

Hudson’s Bay CompanyHBCHudson Bay Company
This land was granted to him by the Hudson's Bay Company, which is referred to as the Selkirk Concession, which included the portions of Rupert's Land, or the watershed of Hudson Bay, bounded on the north by the line of 52° N latitude roughly from the Assiniboine River east to Lake Winnipegosis. The Church Missionary Society provided financial assistance in 1820 to Revd John West, chaplain to the Hudson's Bay Company, towards the education of some Native American children, including James Settee and Henry Budd of the Cree nation, both of whom were later ordained as priests.
Although the HBC maintained a monopoly on the fur trade during the early to mid-19th century, there was competition from James Sinclair and Andrew McDermot (Dermott), independent traders in the Red River Colony.

William McGillivray

William5 sons and 6 daughtersMcGillivray
Travelling with a force of approximately 100 soldiers from the recently disbanded Swiss and German Regiment de Meuron, Selkirk captured Fort William, the North West Company headquarters, and captured several key agents including William McGillivray, Kenneth McKenzie and John McLoughlin.
Also in 1812, Lord Selkirk (a shareholder in the HBC) established the Red River Colony which directly served the interests of the HBC and affected the NWC's free transport of goods between Fort William and the fur-bearing Lake Athabasca region.

Red River Rebellion

Red River Resistance1869Riel Rebellion
Provincial status was accelerated by Louis Riel's rebellion.
The Red River Rebellion (or the Red River Resistance, Red River uprising, or First Riel Rebellion) was the sequence of events that led up to the 1869 establishment of a provisional government by the Métis leader Louis Riel and his followers at the Red River Colony, in what is now the Canadian province of Manitoba.

Miles Macdonell

Governor Miles MacDonell
In July 1811 Miles Macdonell sailed from Yarmouth, England to the Hudson's Bay post at York Factory with 36 primarily Irish and Scottish settlers.
1767 – 28 June 1828) was the first governor of the Red River Colony (or, Assiniboia), a 19th-century Scottish settlement located in present-day Manitoba and North Dakota.

Henry Budd

The Church Missionary Society provided financial assistance in 1820 to Revd John West, chaplain to the Hudson's Bay Company, towards the education of some Native American children, including James Settee and Henry Budd of the Cree nation, both of whom were later ordained as priests.
Born to Cree parents in Norway House in what was then the Red River Colony, the youth originally named Sakachuwescam was baptised and renamed Henry Budd (after his own mentor) by Anglican missionary the Rev. John West in 1822.

Donald McKenzie (explorer)

Donald MackenzieDonald McKenzieDonald Mackenzie (explorer)
Donald McKenzie (16 June 1783 – 20 January 1851) was a Scottish-Canadian explorer, fur trader and Governor of the Red River Colony from 1821 to 1834.

Alexander Macdonell of Greenfield

Alexander MacdonnellAlexander MacdonellAlexander MacDonell of Greenefield
He was also the cousin and brother-in-law of Miles MacDonell, the first governor of the Red River Colony.

Thomas Scott (Orangeman)

Thomas Scottanother person of the same nameman of the same name executed by Louis Riel
Once the rebellion ended, Riel and several of his comrades fled to the United States in 1870 because British soldiers and colonial irregulars (often Scottish settlers) desired to exact revenge in reaction to several incidents, particularly the execution of Thomas Scott.
His political involvement in the Red River Settlement from then on led to his capture at Fort Garry where he was held hostage with others.

James Settee

The Church Missionary Society provided financial assistance in 1820 to Revd John West, chaplain to the Hudson's Bay Company, towards the education of some Native American children, including James Settee and Henry Budd of the Cree nation, both of whom were later ordained as priests.
John West in what was then known as the Red River Colony in what is now the province of Manitoba.

Church Mission Society

Church Missionary SocietyCMSCMS Missionary
The Church Missionary Society provided financial assistance in 1820 to Revd John West, chaplain to the Hudson's Bay Company, towards the education of some Native American children, including James Settee and Henry Budd of the Cree nation, both of whom were later ordained as priests.

Pemmican

dried meatPemican
Dogged by poor harvests and a growing population, Macdonell, now governor of Red River, issued the Pemmican Proclamation in January 1814 to prevent the export of pemmican from the colony.
So important was pemmican that, in 1814, governor Miles Macdonell started the Pemmican War with the Métis when he passed the short-lived Pemmican Proclamation, which forbade the export of pemmican from the Red River Colony.

Regiment de Meuron

De Meuronde Meuron RegimentDe Meurons
Travelling with a force of approximately 100 soldiers from the recently disbanded Swiss and German Regiment de Meuron, Selkirk captured Fort William, the North West Company headquarters, and captured several key agents including William McGillivray, Kenneth McKenzie and John McLoughlin.
Later some of its soldiers also served at the Red River Colony.