Red Sea

Redthe Red SeaErythraean SeaRed Sea BasinseaArabian GulfEast SeaErythrean SeaErythrianGulf of Heroes
The Red Sea is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.wikipedia
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Africa

African continentAfricanAfrican politics
The Red Sea is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.
The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Indian Ocean

IndianIndoSouthern Indian Ocean
The Red Sea is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.
The Indian Ocean covers 70560000 km2, including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf but excluding the Southern Ocean, or 19.5% of the world's oceans; its volume is 264000000 km3 or 19.8% of the world's oceans' volume; it has an average depth of 3741 m and a maximum depth of 7906 m.

Gulf of Aqaba

Gulf of EilatGulf of AkabaGulf of Aquaba
To the north lie the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Gulf of Suez (leading to the Suez Canal).
The Gulf of Aqaba or Gulf of Eilat is a large gulf at the northern tip of the Red Sea, east of the Sinai Peninsula and west of the Arabian mainland.

Suez Canal

Suez Canal ZoneSuezCanal Zone
To the north lie the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Gulf of Suez (leading to the Suez Canal).
The Suez Canal is a sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.

Asia

AsianAsian continentAsian countries
The Red Sea is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.
The boundary between Asia and Africa is the Red Sea, the Gulf of Suez, and the Suez Canal.

Gulf of Suez

Suez GulfHeroopolite GulfSuez
To the north lie the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Gulf of Suez (leading to the Suez Canal).
The Gulf of Suez (خليج السويس; formerly بحر القلزم,, lit. "Sea of Calm") is a gulf at the northern end of the Red Sea, to the west of the Sinai Peninsula.

Seawater

sea watersaltwatersalt water
The Red Sea is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.
The most saline open sea is the Red Sea, where high rates of evaporation, low precipitation and low river run-off, and confined circulation result in unusually salty water.

Gulf of Aden

AdenGhoubet
The connection to the ocean is in the south through the Bab el Mandeb strait and the Gulf of Aden.
In the northwest, it connects with the Red Sea through the Bab-el-Mandeb strait, and in the southeast, it connects with the Indian Ocean through the Guardafui Channel.

Tiran Island

TiranIotapa in Palaestina
The island is located at the entrance of the Straits of Tiran, which connects the Red Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba.

Yam Suph

Sea of ReedsReed SeaYam Suf
The name in Hebrew Yam Suph is of biblical origin.
While traditionally understood to refer to the Red Sea (the saltwater inlet located between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula), the appropriate translation of the phrase remains a matter of dispute; as does the exact location referred to.

Coral

coralscoral headsAnthozoa
However, there are also extensive shallow shelves, noted for their marine life and corals.
Aristotle's pupil Theophrastus described the red coral, korallion, in his book on stones, implying it was a mineral, but he described it as a deep-sea plant in his Enquiries on Plants, where he also mentions large stony plants that reveal bright flowers when under water in the Gulf of Heroes.

Aqaba

AylaAilaAqaba, Jordan
Although reeds do not grow in the Red Sea today (reeds do not grow in salt water), Professor Colin Humphreys explains the discrepancy on the basis that a freshwater marsh of reeds could have existed around Aqaba.
Aqaba's strategic location at the northeastern tip of the Red Sea between the continents of Asia and Africa, has made its port important over the course of thousands of years.

Trichodesmium

Trichodesmium erythraeumsea sawdust
The name of the sea may signify the seasonal blooms of the red-coloured Trichodesmium erythraeum near the water's surface.
They are found in nutrient poor tropical and subtropical ocean waters (particularly around Australia and in the Red Sea, where they were first described by Captain Cook).

Shadwan Island

Shadwan
It is the largest of a group of islands in the mouth of the Gulf of Suez in the northern Red Sea and measures 16 km in length, and between 3 - 5 km wide.

Suez

Suez, EgyptSuwaysal-Suways
A canal was built between the Nile and the northern end of the Red Sea at Suez.
Suez is a seaport city (population of about 750,000 as of August 2018) in north-eastern Egypt, located on the north coast of the Gulf of Suez (a branch of the Red Sea), near the southern terminus of the Suez Canal, having the same boundaries as Suez Governorate.

Black Sea

BlackEuxinePontus Euxinus
A theory favoured by some modern scholars is that the name red is referring to the direction south, just as the Black Sea's name may refer to north. The Red Sea is one of four seas named in English after common color terms – the others being the Black Sea, the White Sea and the Yellow Sea.
484–) in fact designated the Indian Ocean, together with bodies of water now known as the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea.

Egypt

EgyptianEGYArab Republic of Egypt
The Red Sea was favored for Roman trade with India starting with the reign of Augustus, when the Roman Empire gained control over the Mediterranean, Egypt, and the northern Red Sea.
Egypt is bordered by the Gaza Strip (Palestinian territories) and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, Libya to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north.

Ras Siyyan

Siyyan
Ras Siyyan or Ras Siyan is a peninsula in the Obock Region of Djibouti, on the Bab-el-Mandeb strait (between the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden), about 20 km southwest of Perim Island.

Indo-Roman trade relations

Roman trade with IndiaIndo-Roman trade and relationsIndo-Roman trade
The Red Sea was favored for Roman trade with India starting with the reign of Augustus, when the Roman Empire gained control over the Mediterranean, Egypt, and the northern Red Sea.
Trade through the overland caravan routes via Asia Minor and the Middle East, though at a relative trickle compared to later times, antedated the southern trade route via the Red Sea and monsoons which started around the beginning of the Common Era (CE) following the reign of Augustus and his conquest of Egypt in 30 BCE.

Periplus of the Erythraean Sea

Periplus Maris ErythraeiPeriplusPeriplus of the Erythrean Sea
The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea ("Periplus of the Red Sea"), a Greek periplus written by an unknown author around the 1st century, contains a detailed description of the Red Sea's ports and sea routes.
The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (, Períplous tis Erythrás Thalássis), also known by its Latin name as the Periplus Maris Erythraei, is a Greco-Roman periplus written in Koine Greek that describes navigation and trading opportunities from Roman Egyptian ports like Berenice Troglodytica along the coast of the Red Sea, and others along Horn of Africa, the Persian Gulf, and the Arabian Sea, including the modern-day Sindh region of Pakistan and southwestern regions of India.

Afonso de Albuquerque

AlbuquerqueAlfonso de Albuquerquede Albuquerque
In 1513, trying to secure that channel to Portugal, Afonso de Albuquerque laid siege to Aden but was forced to retreat.
Among his achievements, Afonso managed to conquer Goa and was the first European of the Renaissance to raid the Persian Gulf, and he led the first voyage by a European fleet into the Red Sea.

Yellow Sea

YellowWest SeaHuang Hai
The Red Sea is one of four seas named in English after common color terms – the others being the Black Sea, the White Sea and the Yellow Sea.
The Yellow Sea is one of four seas named after common colour terms — the others being the Black Sea, the Red Sea and the White Sea.

White Sea

WhiteBelomorskyBeloe More
The Red Sea is one of four seas named in English after common color terms – the others being the Black Sea, the White Sea and the Yellow Sea.
The White Sea is one of the four seas named in English after common colour terms—the others being the Black Sea, the Red Sea, and the Yellow Sea.

Spice trade

spice routespicespepper trade
During the Middle Ages, the Red Sea was an important part of the spice trade route.
5th-century BC–AD 11th century) had pioneered the Red Sea route before the 1st century AD.

Land of Punt

PuntKingdom of PuntPuntite
The earliest known exploration of the Red Sea was conducted by ancient Egyptians, as they attempted to establish commercial routes to Punt.
Most scholars today believe Punt was situated to the southeast of Egypt, most likely in the coastal region of modern Djibouti, Somalia, northeast Ethiopia, Eritrea, and the Red Sea littoral of Sudan.