Red Sonja

Red Sonja Vol. 4Red Sonja: Monster IsleRed Sonja: The Black TowerRed Sonja: TravelsRed Sonja: UnchainedRed Sonja: Vacant ShellRed SonyaSonjaconSword of Red Sonja: Doom of the Godstitular character
Red Sonja is a fictional sword-and-sorcery comic book heroine created by writer Roy Thomas and artist Barry Windsor-Smith for Marvel Comics in 1973, partially based on Robert E. Howard's characters Red Sonya of Rogatino and Dark Agnes de Chastillon.wikipedia
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Roy Thomas

RoyRoy & Dann ThomasThomas, R.
Red Sonja is a fictional sword-and-sorcery comic book heroine created by writer Roy Thomas and artist Barry Windsor-Smith for Marvel Comics in 1973, partially based on Robert E. Howard's characters Red Sonya of Rogatino and Dark Agnes de Chastillon. As told by Roy Thomas in the introduction of Red Sonja Adventures Volume 1 (Dynamite Entertainment) Spanish artist Esteban Maroto submitted an uncommissioned illustration to him when he was editing the magazine Savage Sword of Conan where he redesigned the character and for the first time showed her wearing what would become her famous costume, the silver "metal bikini", which resembled other fantasy costumes that other Maroto heroines sported in the 1970s. Red Sonja's origin story, told in the 1975 comic "The Day of the Sword", first appeared in Kull and the Barbarians #3 written by Roy Thomas and Doug Moench, and illustrated by Howard Chaykin.
Among the comic characters he co-created are Wolverine, Vision, Carol Danvers, Luke Cage, Iron Fist, Ultron, Man-Thing, Red Sonja, Ghost Rider and Valkyrie.

Gail Simone

The series was rebooted by Gail Simone in 2013, telling an altered version of her early life story via flashbacks.
She became the writer for a new Red Sonja series in 2013 with Dynamite Entertainment, and for the 2017 series Crosswind from Image Comics.

Richard L. Tierney

Richard Tierney
A novelization was published in the 1980s written by David C. Smith and Richard L. Tierney, and in 1985, a feature film starring Brigitte Nielsen in the title role, Red Sonja, was released.
He is the coauthor (with David C. Smith) of a series of Red Sonja novels, featuring cover art by Boris Vallejo.

Barry Windsor-Smith

Barry SmithBarry Windsor Smith Barry Windsor-Smith: STORYTELLER
Red Sonja is a fictional sword-and-sorcery comic book heroine created by writer Roy Thomas and artist Barry Windsor-Smith for Marvel Comics in 1973, partially based on Robert E. Howard's characters Red Sonya of Rogatino and Dark Agnes de Chastillon.
They worked on original adventures and characters based on R.E. Howard's characters – most notably the flame-haired warrior-woman, Red Sonja – loosely based on a character from one of Howard's non-Conan stories, who has now become a major comics character in her own right – in "The Song of Red Sonja" in Conan the Barbarian No.

Dark Agnes de Chastillon

Sword WomanBlades for FranceDark Agnes
Red Sonja is a fictional sword-and-sorcery comic book heroine created by writer Roy Thomas and artist Barry Windsor-Smith for Marvel Comics in 1973, partially based on Robert E. Howard's characters Red Sonya of Rogatino and Dark Agnes de Chastillon.
Like the later character Red Sonja, who was based on another Howard character, Red Sonya of Rogatino, Agnes has red hair and a short temper.

Red Sonja (film)

Red Sonja1985 moviecharacter's 1985 film
A novelization was published in the 1980s written by David C. Smith and Richard L. Tierney, and in 1985, a feature film starring Brigitte Nielsen in the title role, Red Sonja, was released.
The film features the sword-wielding Marvel Comics character Red Sonja, created by Roy Thomas, who first appeared in Marvel's Conan the Barbarian series (#23) in 1973.

The Shadow of the Vulture

Red SonyaRed Sonya of Rogatino
Red Sonja is a fictional sword-and-sorcery comic book heroine created by writer Roy Thomas and artist Barry Windsor-Smith for Marvel Comics in 1973, partially based on Robert E. Howard's characters Red Sonya of Rogatino and Dark Agnes de Chastillon.
The story introduces the character of Red Sonya of Rogatino, who later became the inspiration for the popular character Red Sonja, archetype of the chainmail-bikini clad female warrior.

Marvel Comics

MarvelMarvel ComicMarvel.com
Red Sonja is a fictional sword-and-sorcery comic book heroine created by writer Roy Thomas and artist Barry Windsor-Smith for Marvel Comics in 1973, partially based on Robert E. Howard's characters Red Sonya of Rogatino and Dark Agnes de Chastillon.
Once again, Marvel attempted to diversify, and with the updating of the Comics Code published titles themed to horror (The Tomb of Dracula), martial arts (Shang-Chi: Master of Kung Fu), sword-and-sorcery (Conan the Barbarian in 1970, Red Sonja), satire (Howard the Duck) and science fiction (2001: A Space Odyssey, "Killraven" in Amazing Adventures, Battlestar Galactica, Star Trek, and, late in the decade, the long-running Star Wars series).

Marvel Feature

Marvel Feature vol. 1
In 1975 Marvel Comics published the first issue of Red Sonja after the character headlined Marvel Feature for seven issues that same year. Buscema drew her again in this costume in issues 43, 44 and 48 of Conan the Barbarian (1974) and Dick Giordano in the first issue of Marvel Feature (1975) before Frank Thorne took over from issue 2 (1976).
The first volume led to the launch of The Defenders and Marvel Two-in-One, while volume two led to an ongoing Red Sonja series.

David C. Smith (author)

David C. Smith
A novelization was published in the 1980s written by David C. Smith and Richard L. Tierney, and in 1985, a feature film starring Brigitte Nielsen in the title role, Red Sonja, was released.
He is best known for his heroic fantasy novels, including his collaborations with Richard L. Tierney featuring characters created by Robert E. Howard, notably six novels featuring Red Sonja.

Dynamite Entertainment

DynamiteDynamite ComicsDynamic Forces
From 2005, the series was published by Dynamite Entertainment — in issue #34 the original Sonja was killed off and replaced by a 'reincarnation'.
These include licensed adaptations of film properties such as Army of Darkness, Terminator and RoboCop, and licensed or public domain literary properties such as Zorro, Dracula, Sherlock Holmes, Alice in Wonderland, Red Sonja, Tarzan (as Lord of the Jungle) and John Carter of Mars (as Warlord of Mars).

Frank Thorne

GhitaGhita of Alizarr
Buscema drew her again in this costume in issues 43, 44 and 48 of Conan the Barbarian (1974) and Dick Giordano in the first issue of Marvel Feature (1975) before Frank Thorne took over from issue 2 (1976).
Frank Thorne (born June 16, 1930) is an American comic book artist-writer, best known for the Marvel Comics character Red Sonja.

Sword and sorcery

sword-and-sorcerySword & Sorceryswords and sorcery
Red Sonja is a fictional sword-and-sorcery comic book heroine created by writer Roy Thomas and artist Barry Windsor-Smith for Marvel Comics in 1973, partially based on Robert E. Howard's characters Red Sonya of Rogatino and Dark Agnes de Chastillon.
Introduced as the co-star in a non-fantasy historical story by Howard, "The Shadow of the Vulture", Red Sonya of Rogatino would later inspire a fantasy heroine named Red Sonja, who first appeared in the comic book series Conan the Barbarian written by Roy Thomas and illustrated by Barry Windsor-Smith.

Esteban Maroto

As told by Roy Thomas in the introduction of Red Sonja Adventures Volume 1 (Dynamite Entertainment) Spanish artist Esteban Maroto submitted an uncommissioned illustration to him when he was editing the magazine Savage Sword of Conan where he redesigned the character and for the first time showed her wearing what would become her famous costume, the silver "metal bikini", which resembled other fantasy costumes that other Maroto heroines sported in the 1970s.
He designed the "metal bikini" for the character Red Sonja, in Savage Tales #3, Comixscene #5, and in the first issue of The Savage Sword of Conan and pencilled her first solo story, which was inked by Neal Adams and Ernie Chan.

Brigitte Nielsen

Brigette NielsenGittaGitte Nielsen
A novelization was published in the 1980s written by David C. Smith and Richard L. Tierney, and in 1985, a feature film starring Brigitte Nielsen in the title role, Red Sonja, was released.

Kulan Gath

The character was created as a foe of Conan the Barbarian and was later fully integrated into the Marvel Universe and in 2006 was used in Dynamite Entertainment's revamped Red Sonja series.

Conan the Barbarian (comics)

Conan the BarbarianConanConan the Barbarian'' comic
Red Sonja debuted in the 1973 comic, Conan the Barbarian #23.
Red Sonja was introduced in issue #23 (February 1973).

Red Sonja: Queen of Plagues

Misty Lee provided the character's voice in the 2016 animated film Red Sonja: Queen of Plagues.
Red Sonja: Queen of Plagues is a 2016 animated film featuring the character Red Sonja.

Venom (Marvel Comics character)

VenomVenom symbiotesymbiote
In the 2008 Spider-Man / Red Sonja miniseries, where Spider-Man and Red Sonja, possessing the body Mary Jane, fought the evil wizard Kulan Gath, who had possessed a U.S. senator, Kulan detached the symbiote from Eddie and bonded to it, becoming Kulan Venom.

Bikini in popular culture

Bikini as sportswearBikini as sportwearbikini bodies in American culture
Most artists depict Red Sonja wearing a very brief "chainmail bikini" costume of scale armor, usually with boots and gauntlets.
Most artists depict Red Sonja, a Marvel Comics character created by Roy Thomas and Barry Windsor-Smith who frequented Conan the Barbarian books and was ranked first in Comics Buyer's Guide's "100 Sexiest Women in Comics" list, wearing a very brief bikini-like costume of scale armour, usually with boots and gauntlets.

Conan the Barbarian

ConanConan the CimmerianConan of Cimmeria
Buscema drew her again in this costume in issues 43, 44 and 48 of Conan the Barbarian (1974) and Dick Giordano in the first issue of Marvel Feature (1975) before Frank Thorne took over from issue 2 (1976). Roy Thomas created a new origin story and transposed the timeline from the 16th century of Howard's original Red Sonya, to the Hyborian Age, another Howard creation, in order to have the comic-book Red Sonja interact with Conan the Barbarian.

Howard Chaykin

Howard V. Chaykin
Red Sonja's origin story, told in the 1975 comic "The Day of the Sword", first appeared in Kull and the Barbarians #3 written by Roy Thomas and Doug Moench, and illustrated by Howard Chaykin.

John Buscema

Stephanie Buscema
Maroto drew her in this costume for a double page spread illustration in Savage Tales #3 and then for her first solo adventure in Savage Sword of Conan #1, and John Buscema drew her in this costume in the same magazine.
In addition to his regular assignments he would pencil covers and fill-in issues of titles including Captain America, Captain Britain (Marvel UK), Daredevil, The Frankenstein Monster, Howard the Duck, Master of Kung Fu, Red Sonja and Warlock.

Dick Giordano

Giordano, Dick
Buscema drew her again in this costume in issues 43, 44 and 48 of Conan the Barbarian (1974) and Dick Giordano in the first issue of Marvel Feature (1975) before Frank Thorne took over from issue 2 (1976). The same story was later redrawn by Dick Giordano and Terry Austin in the July 1982 comic The Savage Sword of Conan #78.