Redistribution of Seats Act 1885

Redistribution of Seats Act1885Redistribution of Seats Act of 1885Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885in 1885Redistribution Actredistribution of seatsredistribution of seats in 18851885 redistribution of parliamentary seats1885 redistribution of seats
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (48 & 49 Vict., c. 23) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.wikipedia
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Aylesbury (UK Parliament constituency)

AylesburyAylesbury (seat 1/2)Aylesbury constituency
Six other boroughs were also merged into the county divisions: four that included large extents of countryside (Aylesbury, Cricklade, East Retford, Shoreham) and two that had been disenfranchised for corruption (Macclesfield and Sandwich).
The seat was a much narrower, generally urban borough with a two-member status at Westminster from its grant of a limited franchise in 1553 until the passing of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 when it transformed into a large county division which has seen on national boundary reviews a gradual reduction in physical size as its population has grown.

Representation of the People Act 1884

Third Reform Act18841884 Reform Act
It was a piece of electoral reform legislation that redistributed the seats in the House of Commons, introducing the concept of equally populated constituencies, a concept in the broader global context termed equal apportionment, in an attempt to equalise representation across the UK. It was associated with, but not part of, the Representation of the People Act 1884. The act received Royal Assent on 25 June, and the provisions of both the redistribution and representation acts first came into use at the 1885 general election.
c. 3, also known informally as the Third Reform Act) and the Redistribution Act of the following year were laws which further extended the suffrage in Britain after the Derby Government's Reform Act 1867.

Bedfordshire (UK Parliament constituency)

BedfordshireBedfordshire (seat 1/2)Bedfordshire constituency
rowspan=2| Bedfordshire (undivided) (two MPs)
Bedfordshire was a United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency, which elected two Members of Parliament from 1295 until 1885, when it was divided into two constituencies under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.

1885 United Kingdom general election

1885 general election1885general election of 1885
The act received Royal Assent on 25 June, and the provisions of both the redistribution and representation acts first came into use at the 1885 general election.
This was the first general election after an extension of the franchise and redistribution of seats.

Cambridge (UK Parliament constituency)

CambridgeCambridge (seat 1/2)Cambridge BC
Cambridge (two MPs)
Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 its representation was reduced to one member with effect from the 1885 general election.

Chesterton (UK Parliament constituency)

ChestertonChesterton or Western Division of Cambridgeshire Chesterton
Western or Chesterton Division (one MP)
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 split the former three-member Cambridgeshire parliamentary county into three single-member divisions.

Newmarket (UK Parliament constituency)

NewmarketEastern or Newmarket DivisionEast Cambridgeshire
|Eastern or Newmarket Division (one MP)
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 split the former three-member Cambridgeshire parliamentary county into three single-member divisions.

Wisbech (UK Parliament constituency)

WisbechNorth CambridgeshireNorthern or Wisbech Division
|Northern or Wisbech Division (one MP)
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 split the former three-member Cambridgeshire parliamentary county into three single-member divisions.

Helston (UK Parliament constituency)

HelstonHelston (seat 1/2)Helston, Cornwall
Helston (one MP)
Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, it was abolished with effect from the 1885 general election.

Bedford (UK Parliament constituency)

BedfordBedford (seat 1/2)Bedford constituency
Bedford (two MPs)
The town was growing, and Bedford retained its borough status until the 1918 general election, although under the Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885, its representation was reduced to a single MP. On the eve of the First World War, its population was just under 40,000, of whom 6,500 people were eligible to vote.

Penryn and Falmouth (UK Parliament constituency)

Penryn and FalmouthPenryn & FalmouthPenryn and Falmouth Constituency
Penryn and Falmouth (two MPs)
Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, its representation was reduced to one member, elected by the first past the post system.

Dorchester (UK Parliament constituency)

DorchesterDorchester (seat 1/2)the constituency of Dorchester
Dorchester (one MP)
The constituency was abolished by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, after which Dorchester was placed in the new Dorset South constituency.

South Dorset (UK Parliament constituency)

South DorsetDorset SouthDorset, South
|Southern Division (one MP)
The constituency was created as a consequence of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, although the area covered has changed since then.

St Ives (UK Parliament constituency)

St IvesSt Ives (seat 1/2)St. Ives
St Ives (one MP)
Even with a further extension of the franchise in 1868, the electorate never passed 1,500, and had fallen to barely 1,000 by the next Reform Act, under which the borough was abolished that year.

Dorset (UK Parliament constituency)

DorsetDorset (seat 1/2) Dorset
rowspan=4|Dorset (undivided) (three MPs)
The Great Reform Act increased its representation to three MPs with effect from the 1832 general election, and under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 the constituency was abolished for the 1885 election, and replaced by four single-member divisions: North Dorset, South Dorset, East Dorset and West Dorset.

Biggleswade (UK Parliament constituency)

BiggleswadeBiggleswade divisionNorthern or Biggleswade Division
Northern or Biggleswade Division (one MP)
The constituency was created as the Northern or Biggleswade Division of Bedfordshire under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, when the two-member Parliamentary County of Bedfordshire was divided into the two single-member constituencies of Biggleswade and Luton.

Colchester (UK Parliament constituency)

ColchesterColchester (seat 1/2)Borough of Colchester
Colchester (two MPs)
The borough has sent representatives to Parliament since the Model Parliament of 1295: two members were sent until 1885, when representation was reduced to one, being one of 36 English boroughs and three Irish boroughs to which this occurred under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.

Hyde (UK Parliament constituency)

HydeHyde DivisionHyde Division of Cheshire
|Hyde Division (one MP)
The constituency, officially Cheshire, Hyde Division, was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and consisted of the following parishes and townships in north east Cheshire:

City of Chester (UK Parliament constituency)

City of ChesterChesterChester (seat 1/2)
Chester (two MPs)
As part of a county palatine with a parliament of its own until the early-sixteenth century, Chester was not enfranchised (sent no MPs) until an Act of 1543 since which it returned two MPs to Parliament as a parliamentary borough until the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 was passed; when the representation was reduced to one MP. For most of the nineteenth century, the seat was held by the Whigs and (later) the Liberals until 1900 when results were initially in line with the landslide victories of the first decade of the century and then more marginal.

North East Derbyshire (UK Parliament constituency)

North East DerbyshireDerbyshire North EastDerbyshire North-East
North-Eastern Division (one MP)
The seat was created in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.

North Dorset (UK Parliament constituency)

North DorsetDorset NorthNorth Dorset parliamentary constituency
|Northern Division (one MP)
This seat was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, since which it has been served at various times by candidates from only two parties.

Whitehaven (UK Parliament constituency)

WhitehavenWhitehaven constituency
Whitehaven (one MP)
The boundaries were unffected in 1885, under the second Great Reform agreed the previous year, its key limb of The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 not yet absorbing the bulk of the area of Egremont or 'the Western Division of Cumberland'.

Wirral (UK Parliament constituency)

WirralWirral divisionWirral constituency
|Wirral Division (one MP)
The constituency was located on the Wirral Peninsula, historically part of Cheshire in North West England, and was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election.

Gloucester (UK Parliament constituency)

GloucesterGloucester (seat 1/2)City of Gloucester
Gloucester (two MPs)
Its population meant this was a situation not leading to an outright rotten borough identified for abolition under the Reform Act 1832 however on more fair (far more equal representation) national changes in 1885, representation was reduced to one member under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.