Reel-to-reel audio tape recording

reel-to-reelreel-to-reel tapereel to reelreel-to-reel tape recordertape effectstape splicingopen reeltape editingreel-to-reel tapesreel to reel tape
Reel-to-reel audio tape recording, also called open-reel recording, is the form of magnetic tape audio recording in which the recording medium is held on a reel that is not in a cassette.wikipedia
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Tape recorder

audio tapetape machineaudiotape
The reel-to-reel format was used in the earliest tape recorders, including the pioneering German-British Blattnerphone (1928) machines of the late 1920s which used steel tape, and the German Magnetophon machines of the 1930s.
Tape-recording devices include the reel-to-reel tape deck and the cassette deck, which uses a cassette for storage.

Reel

reelsfilm reelmeters of film
Reel-to-reel audio tape recording, also called open-reel recording, is the form of magnetic tape audio recording in which the recording medium is held on a reel that is not in a cassette.

Multitrack recording

4-trackfour-trackmultitrack
Ampex and Mullin subsequently developed commercial stereo and multitrack audio recorders, based on the system invented by Ross Snyder of Ampex Corp. Les Paul had been given one of the first Ampex Model 200 tape decks by Crosby in 1948 and went on to use Ampex eight track "Sel Sync" machines for multitracking.
Multitracking became possible in the mid-1950s when the idea of simultaneously recording different audio channels to separate discrete "tracks" on the same reel-to-reel tape was developed.

RCA tape cartridge

full size cassetteRCA cassette
The name arose only with the need to distinguish it from the several kinds of tape cartridges or cassettes such as the endless loop cartridge developed for radio station commercials and spot announcements in 1954, the full size cassette, developed by RCA in 1958 for home use, as well as the compact cassette developed by Philips in 1962, originally for dictation.
The RCA tape cartridge is a magnetic tape audio format that was designed to offer stereo quarter-inch reel-to-reel tape recording quality in a convenient format for the consumer market.

8-track tape

8-track8-track cartridge8 Track
The name arose only with the need to distinguish it from the several kinds of tape cartridges or cassettes such as the endless loop cartridge developed for radio station commercials and spot announcements in 1954, the full size cassette, developed by RCA in 1958 for home use, as well as the compact cassette developed by Philips in 1962, originally for dictation.
The original format for magnetic tape sound reproduction was the reel-to-reel tape recorder, first available in the United States in the late 1940s, but too expensive and bulky to be practical for amateur home use until well into the 1950s.

High fidelity

hi-fihigh-fidelityHiFi
By writing the same audio signal across more tape, reel-to-reel systems give much greater fidelity, at the cost of much larger tapes.
Other modules in the system may include components like cartridges, tonearms, hi-fi turntables, Digital Media Players, digital audio players, DVD players that play a wide variety of discs including CDs, CD recorders, MiniDisc recorders, hi-fi videocassette recorders (VCRs) and reel-to-reel tape recorders.

Magnetic tape

tapetapesanalog tape
Reel-to-reel audio tape recording, also called open-reel recording, is the form of magnetic tape audio recording in which the recording medium is held on a reel that is not in a cassette.
A wide variety of audio tape recorders and formats have been developed since, most significantly reel-to-reel and Compact Cassette.

Digital Audio Tape

DATDATsDAT recorder
Following the example set by Bing Crosby, high-speed reel-to-reel tape recorders rapidly became the main recording format used by audiophiles and professional recording studios until the late 1980s when digital audio recording techniques began to allow the use of other types of media (such as Digital Audio Tape (DAT) cassettes and hard disks).
This prevents DATs from being physically edited in the cut-and-splice manner of analog tapes, or open-reel digital tapes like ProDigi or DASH.

Video tape recorder

VTRvideotape recordervideo tape recording
Reel-to-reel tape was used also in early tape drives for data storage on mainframe computers and in video tape recorders (VTRs).
The early VTRs were open-reel devices which record on individual reels of 2-inch-wide (5.08 cm) tape.

Cassette tape

cassetteCScompact cassette
Reel-to-reel audio tape recording, also called open-reel recording, is the form of magnetic tape audio recording in which the recording medium is held on a reel that is not in a cassette. The name arose only with the need to distinguish it from the several kinds of tape cartridges or cassettes such as the endless loop cartridge developed for radio station commercials and spot announcements in 1954, the full size cassette, developed by RCA in 1958 for home use, as well as the compact cassette developed by Philips in 1962, originally for dictation.
The compact cassette technology was originally designed for dictation machines, but improvements in fidelity led the Compact Cassette to supplant the stereo 8-track cartridge and reel-to-reel tape recording in most non-professional applications.

Columbia House

Columbia Record ClubBMG Music ClubBMG
Columbia House advertisements in 1978 showed that only one-third of new titles were available on reel-to-reel; they continued to offer a select number of new releases in the format until 1984.
After the major record labels quit releasing albums on reel to reel tape format, Columbia still continued to make select new titles available on reel tape up until 1984.

Digital Audio Stationary Head

DASHSony 3324 24-track digital tape recorderSony 3348 HR
Mitsubishi's ProDigi and Sony's Digital Audio Stationary Head (DASH) were the primary digital reel-to-reel formats in use in recording studios from the early 1980s through the mid-1990s.
The Digital Audio Stationary Head or DASH standard is a reel-to-reel, digital audio tape format introduced by Sony in early 1982 for high-quality multitrack studio recording and mastering, as an alternative to analog recording methods.

Ampex

Ampex CorporationAmpex RecordsAmpex HS-100 model
Crosby invested $50,000 in a local electronics company, Ampex, to enable Mullin to develop a commercial production model of the tape recorder.

ProDigi

Mitsubishi X-800Mitsubishi X-80Mitsubishi X-80 digital audio recorder
Mitsubishi's ProDigi and Sony's Digital Audio Stationary Head (DASH) were the primary digital reel-to-reel formats in use in recording studios from the early 1980s through the mid-1990s.
Mitsubishi's ProDigi was a professional audio, reel-to-reel, digital audio tape format with a stationary head position, similar to Sony's Digital Audio Stationary Head, which competed against ProDigi when the format was available in the mid-1980s through the early 1990s.

Stereophonic sound

StereoStereophonicstereo sound
A side effect of cutting the tape at an angle is that on stereo tapes the edit occurs on one channel a split-second before the other.
In the 1960s and 1970s, these shows were usually manually synchronized with a reel-to-reel tape delivered by mail to the FM station (unless the concert or music originated locally).

Nagra

Nagra IIINagra IVNagra IV-S
Nagra introduced digital reel-to-reel tape recorders for use in film sound recording.
*NAGRA TRVR - A rare stereo machine designed with the 19" rack format. It is a reel to reel 1/4" tape recorder designed for automatic long recording using the four standard tape speeds.

Tape bias

biasAC biasAC biasing
It was introducing an AC signal to the tape, and this was quickly adapted to new models using a high-frequency AC bias that has remained a part of audio tape recording to this day.

Frippertronics

Frippertronics is an analogue delay system consisting of two side-by-side reel-to-reel tape recorders.

Yamantaka Eye

Yamatsuka EyeYamataka EyeEYE
In the later days of Boredoms and in today's V∞redoms he plays electronics and open reel tapes.

Audio tape specifications

Audio tape length and thicknesstape speed15 ips
Since the widespread adoption of reel-to-reel audio tape recording in the 1950s, audio tapes and tape cassettes have been available in many formats.

Frank Zappa

ZappaVaulternative RecordsFrank
In 1964, after his marriage started to break up, he moved into the Pal studio and began routinely working 12 hours or more per day recording and experimenting with overdubbing and audio tape manipulation.

Martin Swope

From his seat off stage at the mixing console, Swope used a reel to reel tape machine to record and manipulate sounds produced by the musicians onstage by speeding or slowing them, reversing them and/or creating tape loops.

Delia Derbyshire

Blue Veils and Golden SandsDelia
After Derbyshire's death, 267 reel-to-reel tapes and a box of a thousand papers were found in her attic.

Sound recording and reproduction

recordingrecordedrecordings
The reel-to-reel format was used in the earliest tape recorders, including the pioneering German-British Blattnerphone (1928) machines of the late 1920s which used steel tape, and the German Magnetophon machines of the 1930s.
The Walkman was the first personal music player and it gave a major boost to sales of prerecorded cassettes, which became the first widely successful release format that used a re-recordable medium: the vinyl record was a playback-only medium and commercially prerecorded tapes for reel-to-reel tape decks, which many consumers found difficult to operate, were never more than an uncommon niche market item.