Reform Act 1867

Second Reform ActRepresentation of the People Act 1867Reform Act of 18671867 Reform Act1867Reform ActReform Bill of 1867Reform BillSecond Reform Act 1867Second Reform Act of 1867
The Representation of the People Act 1867, 30 & 31 Vict.wikipedia
335 Related Articles

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
The overall intent was to help the Conservative Party, yet it resulted in their loss of the 1868 general election. The Adullamites, led by Robert Lowe, had already been working closely with the Conservative Party.
The widening of the electoral franchise in the nineteenth century forced the Conservative Party to popularise its approach under Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby and Benjamin Disraeli, who carried through their own expansion of the franchise with the Reform Act of 1867.

1868 United Kingdom general election

18681868 general election1868 election
The overall intent was to help the Conservative Party, yet it resulted in their loss of the 1868 general election.
The 1868 United Kingdom general election was the first after passage of the Reform Act 1867, which enfranchised many male householders, thus greatly increasing the number of men who could vote in elections in the United Kingdom.

Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
Following an unsuccessful attempt by Benjamin Disraeli to introduce a reform bill in 1859, Lord John Russell, who had played a major role in passing the 1832 Reform Act, attempted this in 1860; but the Prime Minister, Lord Palmerston, a fellow Liberal, was against any further electoral reform.
After a brief Conservative government (during which the Second Reform Act was passed by agreement between the parties), Gladstone won a huge victory at the 1868 election and formed the first Liberal government.

Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury

Lord SalisburyThe Marquess of SalisburyMarquess of Salisbury
However, wealthy Conservative MP Lord Cranborne resigned his government ministry in disgust at the bill's introduction.
Lord Robert Cecil was first elected to the House of Commons in 1854 and served as Secretary of State for India in Lord Derby's Conservative government from 1866 until his resignation in 1867 over its introduction of Benjamin Disraeli's Reform Bill that extended the suffrage to working-class men.

Reform League

Hyde Park demonstrationHyde Park Riotsriot
The Reform League, agitating for universal suffrage, became much more active, and organized demonstrations of hundreds of thousands of people in Manchester, Glasgow, and other towns.
It collaborated with the more moderate and middle class Reform Union and gave strong support to the abortive Reform Bill 1866 and the successful Reform Act 1867.

Walter Bagehot

BagehotW BagehotBagehot Fellow
Influential commentators included Walter Bagehot, Thomas Carlyle, Anthony Trollope, Karl Marx and John Stuart Mill.
It appeared at the same time that Parliament enacted the Reform Act of 1867, requiring Bagehot to write an extended introduction to the second edition which appeared in 1872.

Benjamin Disraeli

DisraeliLord BeaconsfieldBenjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield
Following an unsuccessful attempt by Benjamin Disraeli to introduce a reform bill in 1859, Lord John Russell, who had played a major role in passing the 1832 Reform Act, attempted this in 1860; but the Prime Minister, Lord Palmerston, a fellow Liberal, was against any further electoral reform.
Before the Reform Act 1867, the working class did not possess the vote and therefore had little political power.

Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1868

18681868 Act1868 Scottish Reform Bill
Seven English boroughs were disenfranchised by the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1868 the subsequent year:
It carried on from the Representation of the People Act 1867, and created seven additional Scottish seats in the House of Commons at the expense of seven English borough constituencies, which were disenfranchised.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom

House of CommonsBritish House of CommonsCommons
Thanks to manoeuvring by Disraeli, Derby's Conservatives saw an opportunity to be a strong, viable party of government; however, there was still a Liberal majority in the House of Commons.
The Reform Act 1867 lowered property requirements for voting in the boroughs, reduced the representation of the less populous boroughs, and granted parliamentary seats to several growing industrial towns.

List of Acts of Parliament in the United Kingdom

National Health Service Act 1977List of Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom ParliamentAccess to Personal Files Act 1987
c. 102 (known as the Reform Act 1867 or the Second Reform Act) was a piece of British legislation that enfranchised part of the urban male working class in England and Wales for the first time.

Adullamites

AdullamiteAdullamite Cavedissident Liberals
On one side were the reactionary conservative Liberals, known as the Adullamites; on the other were pro-reform Liberals who supported the Government.
This led to the formation of Derby's 3rd Conservative Minority Administration - who, ultimately, proposed their own reform bill.

Thomas Carlyle

CarlyleCarlyle, ThomasCarlyles
Influential commentators included Walter Bagehot, Thomas Carlyle, Anthony Trollope, Karl Marx and John Stuart Mill.
Similar hard-line views were expressed in Shooting Niagara, and After?, written after the passing of the Electoral Reform Act of 1867 in which he "reaffirmed his belief in wise leadership (and wise followership), his disbelief in democracy and his hatred of all workmanship – from brickmaking to diplomacy – that was not genuine."

William Ewart Gladstone

GladstoneWilliam GladstoneW. E. Gladstone
Consequently, the bill was more far-reaching than any Members of Parliament had thought possible or really wanted; Disraeli appeared to accept most reform proposals, so long as they did not come from William Ewart Gladstone.
The Conservatives then formed a ministry, in which after long Parliamentary debate Disraeli passed the Second Reform Act of 1867; Gladstone's proposed bill had been totally outmanoeuvred; he stormed into the Chamber, but too late to see his arch-enemy pass the bill.

Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby

Lord DerbyEarl of DerbyLord Stanley
The Conservatives formed a ministry on 26 June 1866, led by Lord Derby as Prime Minister and Disraeli as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
This administration was particularly notable for the passage of the Reform Act 1867, which greatly expanded the suffrage but which provoked the resignation of three cabinet ministers including the Secretary for India and three-time future Prime Minister, Lord Cranborne (later Lord Salisbury).

Reform Act 1832

Great Reform ActReform Act of 1832Reform Act
For the decades after the Great Reform Act of 1832, cabinets (in that era leading from both Houses) had resisted attempts to push through further reform, and in particular left unfulfilled the
By contrast, the same study concluded that the 1867 Reform Act caused serious erosion of their legislative power and the 1874 elections saw great landowners losing their county seats to the votes of tenant farmers in England and especially in Ireland.

Chartism

ChartistChartistsChartist movement
six demands of the Chartist movement.
It was not until 1867 that urban working men were admitted to the franchise under the Reform Act 1867, and not until 1918 that full manhood suffrage was achieved.

Lymington

BucklandLymington, HampshireBuckland, New Forest
Its representation was reduced to one member under the Second Reform Act of 1867, and it was subsumed into the New Forest Division under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.

Robert Lowe

Robert Lowe, 1st Viscount SherbrookeLoweViscount Sherbrooke
The Adullamites, led by Robert Lowe, had already been working closely with the Conservative Party.
However Benjamin Disraeli who led the subsequent Conservative government proposed his own Reform Bill, which by splitting the parties succeeded to become the Reform Act 1867.

Birmingham

Birmingham, United KingdomBirmingham, EnglandCity of Birmingham
Birmingham, Leeds, Liverpool and Manchester now had three MPs instead of two.
This reputation for having "shaken the fabric of privilege to its base" in 1832 led John Bright to make Birmingham the platform for his successful campaign for the Second Reform Act of 1867, which extended voting rights to the urban working class.

Chelsea (UK Parliament constituency)

ChelseaKensington and Chelsea, ChelseaChelsea constituency
The constituency was created by the Reform Act 1867 for the 1868 general election, when it returned two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc vote system of election.

Hackney (UK Parliament constituency)

HackneyHackney constituencyHackney's MPs
Hackney was a two-seat constituency in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament created under the Representation of the People Act, 1867 (often termed Second Reform Act) from the former northern parishes of the Tower Hamlets constituency and abolished under the Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885 (often termed a twin Third Reform Act, with its enabling Reform Act 1884).

Lancaster (UK Parliament constituency)

LancasterLancaster (seat 1/2)Lancaster division
Extensive bribery caused both members to be unseated on 23 April 1866, and the seat to lose its right to return a member of Parliament under the Reform Act 1867.

Stalybridge

Municipal Borough of StalybridgeStaleyStalybridge Municipal Borough
Between the passing of the Second Reform Act in 1867, and the general election of 1918, the town was represented in its own right through the Stalybridge Borough constituency.

Ripon

Ripon, YorkshireRipon, North Yorkshirecity
The next Reform Act which came into force at the 1868 election, reduced Ripon's representation from two MPs to one.