Refugee health in the United States

United States
This article is about refugee health in the United States.wikipedia
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Posttraumatic stress disorder

post-traumatic stress disorderpost traumatic stress disorderPTSD
Such considerations include screenings for communicable diseases, vaccinations, posttraumatic stress disorder, and depression.

Differential diagnoses of depression

depression
Such considerations include screenings for communicable diseases, vaccinations, posttraumatic stress disorder, and depression.

United States

American🇺🇸U.S.
The United States has rigorous health screening guidelines for refugees and immigrants entering the country.

Refugee Act

Refugee Act of 1980The Refugee Act of 1980
The 1980 Federal Refugee Act enabled the US Public Health Service to facilitate health screenings for all immigrants and refugees before they depart their country of origin.

United States Public Health Service

Public Health ServiceU.S. Public Health ServiceUS Public Health Service
The 1980 Federal Refugee Act enabled the US Public Health Service to facilitate health screenings for all immigrants and refugees before they depart their country of origin.

Office of Refugee Resettlement

Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR)ORR
The screening effort is overseen by the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR), housed in and funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

United States Department of Health and Human Services

Department of Health and Human ServicesU.S. Department of Health and Human ServicesHealth and Human Services
The screening effort is overseen by the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR), housed in and funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitorsSSRISSRIs
Experts have found that drug therapy, through the use of serotonin uptake inhibitors, as well as cognitive therapy have been effective treatments during resettlement.

Cambodia

🇰🇭KhmerCambodian
In a study of Cambodian refugees (one of the largest refugee groups in the United States), it was found that, despite the passage of more than two decades since the end of the Cambodian civil war and refugee resettlement in the US, members of the group continue to suffer from high rates of psychiatric disorders associated with trauma.

Cambodian Civil War

civil warCambodia1970-75 Cambodian Civil War
In a study of Cambodian refugees (one of the largest refugee groups in the United States), it was found that, despite the passage of more than two decades since the end of the Cambodian civil war and refugee resettlement in the US, members of the group continue to suffer from high rates of psychiatric disorders associated with trauma.

Lead poisoning

leadlead contaminationlead exposure
Lead poisoning is an important health issue for children all around the world.

Gasoline

petrolgasunleaded gasoline
Refugees may be exposed to lead from a number of sources which can include: leaded gasoline, herbal remedies, cosmetics, spices that contain lead, cottage industries that use lead in an unsafe manner, and limited regulation of emissions from larger industries.

Herbalism

herbal medicineherbalistherbal remedies
Refugees may be exposed to lead from a number of sources which can include: leaded gasoline, herbal remedies, cosmetics, spices that contain lead, cottage industries that use lead in an unsafe manner, and limited regulation of emissions from larger industries.

Cosmetics

make-upmakeupcosmetic
Refugees may be exposed to lead from a number of sources which can include: leaded gasoline, herbal remedies, cosmetics, spices that contain lead, cottage industries that use lead in an unsafe manner, and limited regulation of emissions from larger industries.

Spice

spicesspicyspicy food
Refugees may be exposed to lead from a number of sources which can include: leaded gasoline, herbal remedies, cosmetics, spices that contain lead, cottage industries that use lead in an unsafe manner, and limited regulation of emissions from larger industries.

Chelation therapy

chelationchelatorbifunctional chelator
For extremely high blood lead levels (i.e., BLLs ≥ 45 µg/dL), chelation therapy may recommended for refugee children.

Hispanic paradox

Hispanic mortality paradoxhealthy migrant effectHispanic Epidemiological Paradox
This research further support for the Hispanic paradox.

Refugee women

Refugee children
Refugee women have unique and challenging concerns in terms of accessing healthcare after resettlement in the United States.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDCCenters for Disease ControlCenter for Disease Control
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides two major categories of refugee health guidelines:

Lawful permanent residents (United States)

green cardU.S. green cardgreen cards
First is a mandatory overseas screening for all refugees and immigrants, then a recommended domestic screening for refugees, and finally a required medical component to the Adjustment of Status (Green Card) process.

United States Department of State

State DepartmentU.S. State DepartmentDepartment of State
These medical exams are performed by approximately 400 physicians [called Panel Physicians] selected by the US Department of State (DOS) consular officials.

Public health

healthcommunity medicinepublic health specialist
The screening is primarily aimed at detecting infectious diseases of public health concern.

Physical examination

physical exammedical examinationexamination
The overseas exam includes a medical history inquiry, physical exam, chest x-ray for persons older than 14 years of age (Southeast Asian refugees older than 2 years of age), and specific lab tests.

Chest radiograph

chest X-raychest X-rayschest radiography
The overseas exam includes a medical history inquiry, physical exam, chest x-ray for persons older than 14 years of age (Southeast Asian refugees older than 2 years of age), and specific lab tests.

Southeast Asia

south-east AsiaSoutheastSouth East Asia
The overseas exam includes a medical history inquiry, physical exam, chest x-ray for persons older than 14 years of age (Southeast Asian refugees older than 2 years of age), and specific lab tests.