Regulation

regulationsregulatorygovernment regulationregulatedoversightregulateregulatingregulatesrestrictionsstate regulation
Regulation the management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends.wikipedia
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Law

legallawslegal theory
Regulation in the social, political, psychological, and economic domains can take many forms: legal restrictions promulgated by a government authority, contractual obligations (for example, contracts between insurers and their insureds ), self-regulation in psychology, social regulation (e.g. norms), co-regulation, third-party regulation, certification, accreditation or market regulation.
State-enforced laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or established by judges through precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions.

Social control

controlcivil obediencesocial sanctions
Regulation in the social, political, psychological, and economic domains can take many forms: legal restrictions promulgated by a government authority, contractual obligations (for example, contracts between insurers and their insureds ), self-regulation in psychology, social regulation (e.g. norms), co-regulation, third-party regulation, certification, accreditation or market regulation.
Originally, the concept simply referred to society's ability to regulate itself.

Regulatory economics

economic regulationregulationeconomics of regulation
The economics of imposing or removing regulations relating to markets is analysed in regulatory economics.
Regulatory economics is the economics of regulation.

State (polity)

statestatesthe state
State-mandated regulation is government intervention in the private market in an attempt to implement policy and produce outcomes which might not otherwise occur, ranging from consumer protection to faster growth or technological advancement.
Privatization, nationalization, and the creation of new regulatory bodies also change the boundaries of the state in relation to society.

Sociology of law

Sociological jurisprudencelegal sociologylaw and society
Areas of socio-legal inquiry include the social development of legal institutions, forms of social control, legal regulation, the interaction between legal cultures, the social construction of legal issues, legal profession and the relation between law and social change.

Market failure

market failuresmarket imperfectionmarket imperfections
However, government policy interventions, such as taxes, subsidies, wage and price controls, and regulations, may also lead to an inefficient allocation of resources, sometimes called government failure.

Professional conduct

professional regulation
Professional conduct is the field of regulation of members of professional bodies, either acting under statutory or contractual powers.

Economics

economiceconomisteconomic theory
The economics of imposing or removing regulations relating to markets is analysed in regulatory economics.
These entities include private and public players with various classifications, typically operating under scarcity of tradable units and light government regulation.

Policy

policiespolicymakerspolicymaker
State-mandated regulation is government intervention in the private market in an attempt to implement policy and produce outcomes which might not otherwise occur, ranging from consumer protection to faster growth or technological advancement.

Regulatory agency

regulatorregulatory agenciesregulators
Beginning in the late 19th and 20th century, much of regulation in the United States was administered and enforced by regulatory agencies which produced their own administrative law and procedures under the authority of statutes.
A regulatory agency (also functional agency, regulatory authority, regulatory body or regulator) is a public authority or government agency responsible for exercising autonomous authority over some area of human activity in a regulatory or supervisory capacity.

Externality

externalitiesnegative externalitynegative externalities
Collective solutions or public policies are implemented to regulate activities with positive or negative externalities.

Administrative law

administrativeadministrative justiceadministrative procedure
Beginning in the late 19th and 20th century, much of regulation in the United States was administered and enforced by regulatory agencies which produced their own administrative law and procedures under the authority of statutes.
Government agency action can include rule making, adjudication, or the enforcement of a specific regulatory agenda.

Statute

statutorystatutesAct
Statutes are rules made by legislative bodies; they are distinguished from case law or precedent, which is decided by courts, and regulations issued by government agencies.

Market (economics)

marketmarketsmarket forces
The economics of imposing or removing regulations relating to markets is analysed in regulatory economics.
They can cover the sale of public goods under privatization schemes to co-operative exchanges and occur under varying degrees of monopoly power and state regulation.

Monopoly

monopoliesmonopolisticmonopolist
According to professor Milton Friedman, laws against monopolies cause more harm than good, but unnecessary monopolies should be countered by removing tariffs and other regulation that upholds monopolies.

Complex system

complex systemscomplexity theorycomplexity science

Biology

biologicalBiological Sciencesbiologist

Government

Form of governmentgovernmentsgovernmental
Regulation in the social, political, psychological, and economic domains can take many forms: legal restrictions promulgated by a government authority, contractual obligations (for example, contracts between insurers and their insureds ), self-regulation in psychology, social regulation (e.g. norms), co-regulation, third-party regulation, certification, accreditation or market regulation.

Primary and secondary legislation

primary legislationsecondary legislationdelegated legislation