Reinhard Heydrich

HeydrichR. HeydrichReinhard Tristan Eugen HeydrichHEYDRICH, Reinhard Tristan EugenHeydrichiadaObergruppenfuehrer'' Heydrichprotectors of Heydrich's killersReich Protector HeydrichReinhard Heyrichservice record section
Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich (7 March 1904 – 4 June 1942) was a high-ranking German Nazi official during World War II, and a main architect of the Holocaust.wikipedia
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Wannsee Conference

Wannseea secret meeting of German officialsconference
Heydrich served as president of the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC; later known as Interpol) and chaired the January 1942 Wannsee Conference, which formalised plans for the Final Solution to the Jewish Question—the deportation and genocide of all Jews in German-occupied Europe.
The purpose of the conference, called by the director of the Reich Main Security Office SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich, was to ensure the cooperation of administrative leaders of various government departments in the implementation of the Final solution to the Jewish question (Endlösung der Judenfrage), whereby most of the Jews of German-occupied Europe would be deported to occupied Poland and murdered.

Sicherheitsdienst

SDSecurity ServiceSicherheitsdienst (SD)
He was an SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Polizei (Senior Group Leader and General of Police) as well as chief of the Reich Main Security Office (including the Gestapo, Kripo, and SD).
Its first director, Reinhard Heydrich, intended for the SD to bring every single individual within the Third Reich's reach under "continuous supervision."

Gestapo

authoritiesthe authoritiesGeheime Staatspolizei
He was an SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Polizei (Senior Group Leader and General of Police) as well as chief of the Reich Main Security Office (including the Gestapo, Kripo, and SD).
With Frick's support, Himmler (pushed on by his right-hand man, Reinhard Heydrich) took over the political police of state after state.

Schutzstaffel

SSßNazi SS
He was an SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Polizei (Senior Group Leader and General of Police) as well as chief of the Reich Main Security Office (including the Gestapo, Kripo, and SD).
Himmler named his deputy and protégé Reinhard Heydrich chief of the Gestapo on 22 April 1934.

Operation Anthropoid

assassination of Reinhard Heydrichassassinationassassinated
Heydrich was critically wounded in Prague on 27 May 1942 as a result of Operation Anthropoid.
Operation Anthropoid was the code name for the assassination during World War II of Schutzstaffel (SS)-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei Reinhard Heydrich, head of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Main Security Office, RSHA), the combined security services of Nazi Germany, and acting Reichsprotektor of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

Kriminalpolizei (Nazi Germany)

KriminalpolizeiKripoKriminalabteilungen
He was an SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Polizei (Senior Group Leader and General of Police) as well as chief of the Reich Main Security Office (including the Gestapo, Kripo, and SD).
Reinhard Heydrich was in overall command of the SiPo, including its central command office.

Einsatzgruppen

EinsatzgruppeEinsatzgruppe DEinsatzgruppe B
He was directly responsible for the Einsatzgruppen, the special task forces which travelled in the wake of the German armies and murdered over two million people, including 1.3 million Jews, by mass shooting and gassing.
Under the direction of Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler and the supervision of SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich, the Einsatzgruppen operated in territories occupied by the Wehrmacht (German armed forces) following the invasion of Poland in September 1939 and the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941.

Nazi Germany

GermanGermanyNazi
Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich (7 March 1904 – 4 June 1942) was a high-ranking German Nazi official during World War II, and a main architect of the Holocaust. He helped organise Kristallnacht, a series of co-ordinated attacks against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria on 9–10 November 1938.
Reinhard Heydrich, chief of the Sicherheitspolizei (SiPo; Security Police) and Sicherheitsdienst (SD; Security Service), ordered on 21 September that Polish Jews should be rounded up and concentrated into cities with good rail links.

Interpol

International Criminal Police OrganizationInternational Criminal Police OrganisationICPO
Heydrich served as president of the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC; later known as Interpol) and chaired the January 1942 Wannsee Conference, which formalised plans for the Final Solution to the Jewish Question—the deportation and genocide of all Jews in German-occupied Europe.
From 1938 to 1945, the presidents of the ICPC included Otto Steinhäusl, Reinhard Heydrich, Arthur Nebe, and Ernst Kaltenbrunner.

Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

Bohemia and MoraviaProtectorateCzech Protectorate
He was also Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor (Deputy/Acting Reich-Protector) of Bohemia and Moravia.
On 29 September 1941, Hitler appointed SS hardliner Reinhard Heydrich as Deputy Reichsprotektor (Stellvertretende Reichsprotektor).

Obergruppenführer

SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SSSS-ObergruppenführerSS-Obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen-SS
He was an SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Polizei (Senior Group Leader and General of Police) as well as chief of the Reich Main Security Office (including the Gestapo, Kripo, and SD).
All four promotions were honorary SS ranks with the first promotion of an active SS officer occurring in September 1941 when the rank was granted to Reinhard Heydrich.

Final Solution

Final Solution to the Jewish QuestionThe Final Solutionextermination of the Jews
Heydrich served as president of the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC; later known as Interpol) and chaired the January 1942 Wannsee Conference, which formalised plans for the Final Solution to the Jewish Question—the deportation and genocide of all Jews in German-occupied Europe.
On 31 July 1941, Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring wrote to Reinhard Heydrich (Himmler's deputy and chief of the RSHA), instructing Heydrich to submit concrete proposals for the implementation of the new projected goal.

Prague

PrahaPrague, Czech RepublicPrag
Upon his arrival in Prague, Heydrich sought to eliminate opposition to the Nazi occupation by suppressing Czech culture and deporting and executing members of the Czech resistance.
In 1942, Prague was witness to the assassination of one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany—Reinhard Heydrich—during Operation Anthropoid, accomplished by Czechoslovak national heroes Jozef Gabčík and Jan Kubiš.

Heinrich Himmler

HimmlerAlfred HimmlerH Himmler
In 1931, Heinrich Himmler began setting up a counterintelligence division of the SS. Acting on the advice of his associate Karl von Eberstein, who was von Osten's friend, Himmler agreed to interview Heydrich, but cancelled their appointment at the last minute.
He was known for good organisational skills and for selecting highly competent subordinates, such as Reinhard Heydrich in 1931.

Heinz Heydrich

Heinz
As a youth, he engaged his younger brother, Heinz, in mock fencing duels.
Heinz Siegfried Heydrich (29 September 1905 – 19 November 1944) was the son of Richard Bruno Heydrich and the younger brother of SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich.

Ležáky

Massacre in Ležáky
Nazi intelligence falsely linked the assassins to the villages of Lidice and Ležáky.
During the German occupation of Czechoslovakia, the village was razed by Nazi forces as reprisal for Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich's assassination in late spring 1942.

Special Operations Executive

SOES.O.E.Special Operations Executive (SOE)
He was ambushed by a team of Czech and Slovak agents who had been sent by the Czechoslovak government-in-exile to kill the Reich-Protector; the team was trained by the British Special Operations Executive.
They also carried out some high-profile operations aimed mainly at the morale both of the Axis and occupied nations, such as Operation Anthropoid, the assassination in Prague of Reinhard Heydrich.

Karl von Eberstein

In 1931, Heinrich Himmler began setting up a counterintelligence division of the SS. Acting on the advice of his associate Karl von Eberstein, who was von Osten's friend, Himmler agreed to interview Heydrich, but cancelled their appointment at the last minute.
Friedrich Karl Freiherr von Eberstein (14 January 1894 – 10 February 1979) was a member of the German nobility, early member of the Nazi Party, the SA, and the SS (introducing Reinhard Heydrich to Heinrich Himmler in July 1931).

Lina Heydrich

LinaLina von Osten
In December 1930 he attended a rowing-club ball and met Lina von Osten.
Lina Mathilde Heydrich (née von Osten, later Manninen; 14 June 1911 – 14 August 1985) was the wife of SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich, a central figure in Nazi Germany.

Richard Bruno Heydrich

Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich was born in 1904 in Halle an der Saale to composer and opera singer Richard Bruno Heydrich and his wife, Elisabeth Anna Maria Amalia Heydrich (née Krantz).
He was the father of SS Obergruppenführer and creator of the Final Solution Reinhard Heydrich, Heinz Heydrich and Maria Heydrich.

Kristallnacht

Night of Broken GlassNovember PogromKristallnacht pogrom
He helped organise Kristallnacht, a series of co-ordinated attacks against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria on 9–10 November 1938.
At 01:20 am on 10 November 1938, Reinhard Heydrich sent an urgent secret telegram to the Sicherheitspolizei (Security Police; SiPo) and the Sturmabteilung (SA), containing instructions regarding the riots.

Protector (title)

ProtectorSupreme ProtectorReichsprotektor
He was also Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor (Deputy/Acting Reich-Protector) of Bohemia and Moravia.
27 September 1941 – 4 June 1942 Reinhard Heydrich (1904 – 1942) NSDAP (acting for Neurath)

Sturmabteilung

SABrownshirtsbrownshirt
The attacks, carried out by SA stormtroopers and civilians, presaged the Holocaust.
Blomberg and von Reichenau began to conspire with Göring and Himmler against Röhm and the SA. Himmler asked Reinhard Heydrich to assemble a dossier on Röhm.

Lidice

Lidice massacreCzech townLidice Tour
Nazi intelligence falsely linked the assassins to the villages of Lidice and Ležáky.
It is built near the site of the previous village of the same name, which was completely destroyed in June 1942 on orders from Adolf Hitler and Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler in reprisal for the assassination of Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich.

Night of the Long Knives

Röhm PutschRöhm purgeRöhm-Putsch
Röhm was shot without trial, along with the leadership of the SA. The purge became known as the Night of the Long Knives.
The primary instruments of Hitler's action, who carried out most of the killings, were the Schutzstaffel (SS) paramilitary force under Himmler and its Security Service under Reinhard Heydrich, and the Gestapo, the secret police, under Göring.