Relational aggression

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Relational aggression or alternative aggression is a type of aggression in which harm is caused by damaging someone's relationships or social status.wikipedia
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Aggression

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Relational aggression or alternative aggression is a type of aggression in which harm is caused by damaging someone's relationships or social status.
Human aggression can be classified into direct and indirect aggression; whilst the former is characterized by physical or verbal behavior intended to cause harm to someone, the latter is characterized by behavior intended to harm the social relations of an individual or group.

Nesthäkchen and the World War

The attention relational aggression has received has been augmented by the help of popular media, including movies like Mean Girls and books like Odd Girl Out by Rachel Simmons (2002), Nesthäkchen and the World War by Else Ury (1916), and Queen Bees and Wannabes by R. Wiseman (2003).
Ury strongly criticizes Anne Marie's relational aggression against Vera as unacceptable behavior and calls Anne Marie a "silly girl."

Nicki R. Crick

Relational aggression has been primarily observed and studied among girls, following pioneering research by psychologist Nicki R. Crick.
Nicki Rae Crick (February 6, 1958 – October 28, 2012) was a psychologist and professor of child development and family studies known internationally for her research on relational aggression, defined as the use of relationships as agents of harm (e.g., via gossiping, social exclusion, withdrawing affection).

Adolescence

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Although it can be used in many contexts and among different age groups, relational aggression among adolescents in particular, has received a lot of attention.
Both physical and relational aggression are linked to a vast number of enduring psychological difficulties, especially depression, as is social rejection.

Else Ury

Nesthäkchen
The attention relational aggression has received has been augmented by the help of popular media, including movies like Mean Girls and books like Odd Girl Out by Rachel Simmons (2002), Nesthäkchen and the World War by Else Ury (1916), and Queen Bees and Wannabes by R. Wiseman (2003).
The resolution of this painful relational aggression builds to a shocking, ringing climax, which has enthralled readers since the book's publication.

Hostile attribution bias

hostile attributions
Reactive aggression is associated with a tendency to assume that others' intentions are hostile (hostile attribution bias).
While occasional hostile attribution bias is normative (particularly for younger children), researchers have found that individuals who exhibit consistent and high levels of hostile attribution bias across development are much more likely to engage in aggressive behavior (e.g., hitting/fighting, reacting violently, verbal or relational aggression) toward others.

Bullying

bullybulliedbullies
Relational aggression, according to Daniel Olweus is a type of bullying.
Bullying can also be perpetrated by teachers and the school system itself; there is an inherent power differential in the system that can easily predispose to subtle or covert abuse (relational aggression or passive aggression), humiliation, or exclusion — even while maintaining overt commitments to anti-bullying policies.

Workplace bullying

bullyingbulliedworkplace
Relational aggression is a common aspect of workplace bullying, and is a characteristic behaviour of psychopaths in the workplace, so it is commonplace amongst adults as well as children.
It is thought that relational aggression (psychological aspects of bullying such as gossiping and intimidation) are relevant.

Popularity

popularpopularizationpopular girl
Sociometric status, commonly referred as popularity, is one of the most significant predictors of victimization or bullying as differences in popularity can be associated with differences in social power.
Relational aggression is nonviolent aggression that is emotionally damaging to another individual.

Shunning

shunnedshunban
Shunning is often used as a pejorative term to describe any organizationally mandated disassociation, and has acquired a connotation of abuse and relational aggression.

Peer victimization

victims of bullyingpeer victimisation
Later, researchers such as Nicki R. Crick argued for the existence of a more covert form of victimization which she observed primarily among females that she called relational victimization, during which a child’s social relationships and social standing are attacked via methods such as peer exclusion.

Social status

statussuccesssocial ladder
Relational aggression or alternative aggression is a type of aggression in which harm is caused by damaging someone's relationships or social status.

Mean Girls

film of the same nameRegina GeorgeMean Girl
The attention relational aggression has received has been augmented by the help of popular media, including movies like Mean Girls and books like Odd Girl Out by Rachel Simmons (2002), Nesthäkchen and the World War by Else Ury (1916), and Queen Bees and Wannabes by R. Wiseman (2003).

Rachel Simmons

The attention relational aggression has received has been augmented by the help of popular media, including movies like Mean Girls and books like Odd Girl Out by Rachel Simmons (2002), Nesthäkchen and the World War by Else Ury (1916), and Queen Bees and Wannabes by R. Wiseman (2003).

Queen Bees and Wannabes

Queen BeeQueen Bees & Wannabes
The attention relational aggression has received has been augmented by the help of popular media, including movies like Mean Girls and books like Odd Girl Out by Rachel Simmons (2002), Nesthäkchen and the World War by Else Ury (1916), and Queen Bees and Wannabes by R. Wiseman (2003).

Clique

cliquescoteriepopular clique
Adolescents tend to form various cliques and belong to different crowds based on their activity interests, music and clothing preferences, as well as their cultural or ethnic background.

Crowds (adolescence)

crowdscrowd membership
Adolescents tend to form various cliques and belong to different crowds based on their activity interests, music and clothing preferences, as well as their cultural or ethnic background.

Verbal abuse

verbalverballyverbally abused
These key conditions apply to all types of bullying: verbal, physical and relational.

Physical abuse

physicalphysicallyphysically abusive
These key conditions apply to all types of bullying: verbal, physical and relational.

Psychopathy in the workplace

corporate psychopathworkplace psychopathbusiness psychopath
Relational aggression is a common aspect of workplace bullying, and is a characteristic behaviour of psychopaths in the workplace, so it is commonplace amongst adults as well as children.

Psychological manipulation

manipulativemanipulationemotional manipulation
Psychological manipulation and coercion can also be considered as a type of relational aggression.

Coercion

duresscoercivecoerced
Psychological manipulation and coercion can also be considered as a type of relational aggression.

Cyberbullying

cyber-bullyingonline harassmentcyber bullying
Most recent research has been focusing on cyberbullying, which is a relatively new yet increasingly popular way of engaging in both verbal and relational aggression due to growing importance of various communication and technology devices in modern societies.

Humiliation

humiliatehumiliatedhumiliating