Relief printing

relief printreliefrelief printsblockprintingstonecut printtypographedtypography
Relief printing is a family of printing methods where a printing block, plate or matrix that has had ink applied to its surface, but not to any recessed areas, is brought into contact with paper.wikipedia
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Printing

Printprintedprinter
Relief printing is a family of printing methods where a printing block, plate or matrix that has had ink applied to its surface, but not to any recessed areas, is brought into contact with paper.
Letterpress printing is a technique of relief printing.

Woodcut

woodcutswoodblockxylography
The relief family of techniques includes woodcut, metalcut, wood engraving, relief etching, linocut, rubber stamp, foam printing, potato printing, and some types of collagraph.
Woodcut is a relief printing technique in printmaking.

Metalcut

The relief family of techniques includes woodcut, metalcut, wood engraving, relief etching, linocut, rubber stamp, foam printing, potato printing, and some types of collagraph.
Metalcut was a relief printmaking technique, belonging to the category of old master prints.

Wood engraving

wood engraverwood-engraverwood-engraving
The relief family of techniques includes woodcut, metalcut, wood engraving, relief etching, linocut, rubber stamp, foam printing, potato printing, and some types of collagraph.
Functionally a variety of woodcut, it uses relief printing, where the artist applies ink to the face of the block and prints using relatively low pressure.

Linocut

lino-cutlinocut printslinocuts
The relief family of techniques includes woodcut, metalcut, wood engraving, relief etching, linocut, rubber stamp, foam printing, potato printing, and some types of collagraph.
Linocut is a printmaking technique, a variant of woodcut in which a sheet of linoleum (sometimes mounted on a wooden block) is used for a relief surface.

Intaglio (printmaking)

intagliocopperplateintaglio printing
Intaglio illustrations, such as engravings, had to be printed separately.
It is the direct opposite of a relief print.

Brayer

A printing press may not be needed, as the back of the paper can be rubbed or pressed by hand with a simple tool such as a brayer or roller.
The roller is then applied to the forme, block, stone or plate so that the ink is evenly transferred to the raised or receptive areas before the next stage of transferring the ink, by moderate pressure, to the printing surface or offset substrate.

Engraving

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Intaglio techniques include engraving, etching, and drypoint.
Wood engraving is a form of relief printing and is not covered in this article.

Planographic printing

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Relief printing is one of the traditional families of printmaking techniques, along with the intaglio and planographic families.
Planographic printing means printing from a flat surface, as opposed to a raised surface (as with relief printing) or incised surface (as with intaglio printing).

Viscosity printing

color viscosity etchingHayter method (viscosity printing)oil viscosity printing
*Viscosity printing
Viscosity printing is a multi-color printmaking technique that incorporates principles of relief printing and intaglio printing.

Etching

etcheretchingsetched
The relief family of techniques includes woodcut, metalcut, wood engraving, relief etching, linocut, rubber stamp, foam printing, potato printing, and some types of collagraph. Intaglio techniques include engraving, etching, and drypoint.
A similar process to etching, but printed as a relief print, so it is the "white" background areas which are exposed to the acid, and the areas to print "black" which are covered with ground.

Collagraphy

collagraphcollographycollograph
The relief family of techniques includes woodcut, metalcut, wood engraving, relief etching, linocut, rubber stamp, foam printing, potato printing, and some types of collagraph.
Ink may be applied to the upper surfaces of the plate with a brayer for a relief print, or ink may be applied to the entire board and then removed from the upper surfaces but remain in the spaces between objects, resulting in an intaglio print.

Matrix (printing)

matricesmatrixhand mould
Relief printing is a family of printing methods where a printing block, plate or matrix that has had ink applied to its surface, but not to any recessed areas, is brought into contact with paper.

Printing press

pressprinting pressesprinting-press
A printing press may not be needed, as the back of the paper can be rubbed or pressed by hand with a simple tool such as a brayer or roller.

Rubber stamp

rubber stampsstamprubber-stamp
The relief family of techniques includes woodcut, metalcut, wood engraving, relief etching, linocut, rubber stamp, foam printing, potato printing, and some types of collagraph.

Movable type

moveable typeinvention of the printing presstype
Traditional text printing with movable type is also a relief technique.

Drypoint

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Intaglio techniques include engraving, etching, and drypoint.

Lithography

lithographlithographerlithographs
With planographic techniques, such as lithography, the entire surface of the matrix is flat, and some areas are treated to create the print image.

Letterpress printing

letterpressletterpress printerletterpress printers
Letterpress printing is a technique of relief printing using a printing press, a process by which many copies are produced by repeated direct impression of an inked, raised surface against sheets or a continuous roll of paper.

Wordless novel

wordless
As artists have often made such books using woodcut and other relief printing techniques, the terms woodcut novel or novel in woodcuts are also used.

Bryan Nash Gill

Bryan Nash Gill (November 3, 1961 – May 17, 2013) was an American artist who worked primarily with wood, in the form of relief prints and sculptures.

Typometry (printing)

typometry
Typometry was a short-lived relief printing technique developed during the 18th and 19th centuries to compose maps, drawings and other designs, using moveable type to reproduce words, lineworks and map symbols.

Printing industry in India

There are four traditional types of printing: relief printing (with which this article is mainly concerned), intaglio, lithography, and screen process printing.

Flexography

flexoflexographicflexographic printing
Flexography (often abbreviated to flexo) is a form of printing process which utilizes a flexible relief plate.

Flong

In relief printing, a flong is a temporary negative mould made of a forme of set type, in order to cast a metal stereotype (or "stereo") which can be used in a rotary press, or in letterpress printing after the type has been broken down for re-use.