Reorganization Plan No. 3

order establishing the EPA
'''Reorganization Plan No. 3''' was a presidential directive submitted to the United States Congress on July 9, 1970 by President Richard Nixon establishing the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and setting forth the components of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).wikipedia
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United States Environmental Protection Agency

Environmental Protection AgencyEPAU.S. Environmental Protection Agency
3''' was a presidential directive submitted to the United States Congress on July 9, 1970 by President Richard Nixon establishing the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and setting forth the components of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
The order establishing the EPA was ratified by committee hearings in the House and Senate.

Title 5 of the United States Code

title 5, United States Code5 U.S.C.: Government Organization and EmployeesTitle 5
, created Title 5 of the United States Code (Government Organization and Employees), which was the legal authority under which the Reorganization Plan was authorized.
Title 5 contains the Freedom of Information Act, as well as authorization for government reorganizations such as Reorganization Plan No. 3.

Presidential directive

directivePresidential DirectivesHomeland Security Presidential Directive
3''' was a presidential directive submitted to the United States Congress on July 9, 1970 by President Richard Nixon establishing the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and setting forth the components of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
3''' was a presidential directive submitted to the United States Congress on July 9, 1970 by President Richard Nixon establishing the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and setting forth the components of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

United States Congress

CongressU.S. CongressCongressional
3''' was a presidential directive submitted to the United States Congress on July 9, 1970 by President Richard Nixon establishing the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and setting forth the components of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

President of the United States

PresidentU.S. PresidentUnited States President
3''' was a presidential directive submitted to the United States Congress on July 9, 1970 by President Richard Nixon establishing the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and setting forth the components of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Richard Nixon

Richard M. NixonNixonPresident Nixon
3''' was a presidential directive submitted to the United States Congress on July 9, 1970 by President Richard Nixon establishing the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and setting forth the components of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). On January 28, 1969, eight days after Richard Nixon became the 37th President, a blowout on the ocean bottom near Union Oil's Platform "A" on the Dos Cuadras field leaked between 80,000 and 100000 oilbbl of oil into the water of the Santa Barbara Channel, near Santa Barbara, California.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOAANational Oceanographic and Atmospheric AdministrationNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
3''' was a presidential directive submitted to the United States Congress on July 9, 1970 by President Richard Nixon establishing the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and setting forth the components of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Federal government of the United States

United States governmentU.S. governmentfederal government
The order consolidated components from different Federal agencies to form the EPA, "a strong, independent agency" that would establish and enforce federal environmental protection laws.

Government agency

agencygovernment agenciesGovernmental organization
The order consolidated components from different Federal agencies to form the EPA, "a strong, independent agency" that would establish and enforce federal environmental protection laws.

Independent agencies of the United States government

independent agencyindependent agency of the United States governmentindependent agencies
The order consolidated components from different Federal agencies to form the EPA, "a strong, independent agency" that would establish and enforce federal environmental protection laws.

Environmental law

environmental regulationenvironmentalenvironmental regulations
The order consolidated components from different Federal agencies to form the EPA, "a strong, independent agency" that would establish and enforce federal environmental protection laws.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

OSHAU.S. Occupational Safety and Health AdministrationOccupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Unlike other agencies such as OSHA, the EPA was not established by a single enabling act of Congress.

Enabling act

enabling legislationEnabling Act (United States)act to enable
Unlike other agencies such as OSHA, the EPA was not established by a single enabling act of Congress.

Silent Spring

The Silent Springbook of the same title
Rachel Carson published Silent Spring in 1962, which is widely credited with helping to launch the environmental movement.

Environmental movement

environmental activistenvironmentalEcology movement
Rachel Carson published Silent Spring in 1962, which is widely credited with helping to launch the environmental movement.

Blowout (well drilling)

blowoutgusheroil gusher
On January 28, 1969, eight days after Richard Nixon became the 37th President, a blowout on the ocean bottom near Union Oil's Platform "A" on the Dos Cuadras field leaked between 80,000 and 100000 oilbbl of oil into the water of the Santa Barbara Channel, near Santa Barbara, California.

Unocal Corporation

UnocalUnion Oil CompanyUnion Oil
On January 28, 1969, eight days after Richard Nixon became the 37th President, a blowout on the ocean bottom near Union Oil's Platform "A" on the Dos Cuadras field leaked between 80,000 and 100000 oilbbl of oil into the water of the Santa Barbara Channel, near Santa Barbara, California.

Dos Cuadras Offshore Oil Field

Dos Cuadras fieldDos CuadrasDos Cuadras Oil Field
On January 28, 1969, eight days after Richard Nixon became the 37th President, a blowout on the ocean bottom near Union Oil's Platform "A" on the Dos Cuadras field leaked between 80,000 and 100000 oilbbl of oil into the water of the Santa Barbara Channel, near Santa Barbara, California.

Santa Barbara Channel

channel of Santa BarbaraMission Creek (Santa Barbara)
On January 28, 1969, eight days after Richard Nixon became the 37th President, a blowout on the ocean bottom near Union Oil's Platform "A" on the Dos Cuadras field leaked between 80,000 and 100000 oilbbl of oil into the water of the Santa Barbara Channel, near Santa Barbara, California.

Santa Barbara, California

Santa BarbaraSanta Barbara, CACity of Santa Barbara
On January 28, 1969, eight days after Richard Nixon became the 37th President, a blowout on the ocean bottom near Union Oil's Platform "A" on the Dos Cuadras field leaked between 80,000 and 100000 oilbbl of oil into the water of the Santa Barbara Channel, near Santa Barbara, California.

Earth Day

Earth Day NetworkEarth WeekApril 22
On April 22, 1970, the first Earth Day brought millions of Americans together to peacefully demonstrate in support of environmental reform.

National Environmental Policy Act

National Environmental Policy Act of 1969NEPAFinding Of No Significant Impact
In December of the same year, Nixon received the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) from Congress, a bill that Congress stated was intended to "create and maintain conditions under which man and nature can exist in productive harmony" and to "assure for all Americans safe, healthful, productive, esthetically and culturally pleasing surroundings."

United States Code

U.S.C.U.S. Codefederal statute
3 was prepared by President Nixon and sent to the Senate and House of Representatives on July 9, 1970, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 9 of title 5 of the United States Code.

Supreme Court of the United States

United States Supreme CourtU.S. Supreme CourtSupreme Court
The plan was originally approved under special Congressional procedures but its legality was called into question due to the Supreme Court's decision in Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha, 462 U.S. 919 (1983).