The Repartimiento (Spanish, "distribution, partition, or division") was a colonial forced labor system imposed upon the indigenous population of Spanish America and the Philippines.wikipedia
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Dominican Republic

The repartimiento of 1514 accelerated emigration of the Spanish colonists, coupled with the exhaustion of the mines.

Latin American economy

Economy of Latin AmericaLatin American Conference on High Security PrintingLatin American countries
The crown had attempted to expand other Spaniards' access to indigenous labor beyond the encomenderos through a system of crown-directed distribution of labor known as the examined the shift from encomienda labor awarded to just a few Spaniards via the repartimiento to later-arriving Spaniards, who had been excluded from the original awards.

Collective farming

collectivizationcollective farmcollectivisation
When the Spanish conquered Mexico they replaced this with a system of haciendas or estates granted by the Spanish crown to Spanish colonists, as well as the encomienda, a feudal-like right of overlordship colonists were given in particular villages, and the repartimiento or system of indigenous forced labor.

History of Puerto Rico

Puerto Rican historyPuerto Ricoinvaded
On December 27, 1512, under pressure from the Roman Catholic Church, Ferdinand II of Aragon issued the Burgos' Laws, which modified the encomienda into a system called repartimento, aimed at ending the exploitation.

Francisco Pizarro

PizarroFrancisco PizzaroFrancisco
During the next five years, Pizarro became a close associate of Dávila and the governor assigned him a repartimiento of natives and cattle.


Other important industries were the haciendas (functioning under the encomienda and repartimiento systems) and mercantile activities in the main cities and ports.

Gil Vasques de Soverosa

Three of his sons benefited from the Repartimiento after the conquest of Seville in 1248.

History of Honduras

HondurasHonduran historythrough elections
Alvarado divided the native towns and gave their labor to the Spanish conquistadors as repartimiento.


CuzcoCusco, PeruCuzco, Peru
Pizarro encouraged some of his men to stay and settle in the city, giving out repartimientos to do so.

Indigenous peoples of Mexico

indigenousindigenous people of Mexicoindigenous people
Through the New Laws of 1542, the crown sought to phase out the encomienda and replace it with another crown mechanism of forced indigenous labor, known as the repartimiento.


San Fernando de OmoaOmoa Honduras
In 1536 Omoa was a small "pueblo de indios" allocated in repartimiento by Pedro de Alvarado to Luis del Puerto along with the nearby Indian town of Chachaguala.

Carmona, Cavite

CarmonaBarangay Cabilang BaybayBarangay Mabuhay

History of Argentine nationality

Residence Law1902 Law on ResidencyOath of Independence
Initially classified as members of indigenous communities by birth, this status helped determine their labour (repartimiento) and taxation (tributo) duties to the Crown.

Slavery in Spain

However these laws did not end the practice of slavery or forced labor immediately and a new system of forced native Indian labor began to be used repartimiento and mita in Peru.


San DomingoSanto DomingoIsland of Hispaniola
The repartimiento of 1514 accelerated emigration of the Spanish colonists, coupled with the exhaustion of the mines.

Ayaviri, Melgar

As was common in these repartimientos or distributions, these territories also served to divide doctrinas or curatos of ecclesial jurisdiction.

European colonization of the Americas

European colonizationwhite settlersEuropean settlement
Two years later, Charles V signed the New Laws (which replaced the Laws of Burgos of 1512) prohibiting slavery and the repartimientos, but also claiming as his own all the lands of the Americas and all of the indigenous people as his own subjects.

Global silver trade from the 16th to 18th centuries

European silver flowed into Chinaprofound effect of New World silverSilver Flow
However, the labor system known as the repartimiento still existed in some places.

Tasa de Gamboa

In the 1580 Rate of Gamboa, the tribute of personal service was abolished, however the Indians of the repartimientos were required to pay nine pesos annually in the diocese of Santiago, and seven in the diocese of La Imperial.

Tasa de Santillán

The Rate was a system for indigenous labor, that instead of making all the natives work in a repartimiento, determined a system whereby they took turns doing the required service.