Repatriation

repatriatedrepatriatereturn migrationre-patriatedrepatriatingRepatriation lawsrepatriatesimmigrant repatriationreturnre-patriate
Repatriation is the process of returning an asset, an item of symbolic value or a person – voluntarily or forcibly – to its owner or their place of origin or citizenship.wikipedia
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Non-refoulement

refoulementforcibly repatriateforcibly repatriated
According to contemporary international law, prisoners of war, civil detainees, or refugees refusing repatriation, particularly if motivated by fears of political persecution in their own country, should be protected from refoulement and given, if possible, temporary or permanent asylum.
Unlike political asylum, which applies to those who can prove a well-grounded fear of persecution based on certain category of persons, non-refoulement refers to the generic repatriation of people, including refugees into war zones and other disaster locales.

Prisoner of war

prisoners of warPOWPOWs
In the 20th century, following all European wars, several repatriation commissions were created to supervise the return of war refugees, displaced persons, and prisoners of war to their country of origin.
Belligerents hold prisoners of war in custody for a range of legitimate and illegitimate reasons, such as isolating them from enemy combatants still in the field (releasing and repatriating them in an orderly manner after hostilities), demonstrating military victory, punishing them, prosecuting them for war crimes, exploiting them for their labour, recruiting or even conscripting them as their own combatants, collecting military and political intelligence from them, or indoctrinating them in new political or religious beliefs.

Operation Glory

During Operation Glory, which followed the Korean Armistice Agreement, thousands of remains were exchanged by both sides.
Operation Glory was the code name for Operations Plan KCZ-OPS 14-54 which involved the effort to transfer the remains of United Nations Command casualties from North Korea at the end of the Korean War.

Ethnic nationalism

ethno-nationalistethnic nationalistethnonationalism
Repatriation of their titular diaspora is practiced by most ethnic nation states.
Ethnic nationalism is also present in many states' immigration policies in the form of repatriation laws.

Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act

NAGPRANative American Graves and Repatriationcultural patrimony
The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) of 1990 established the process whereby federally recognized Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian organizations can request that federal agencies and institutions receiving federal funds return culturally affiliated human remains.
A program of federal grants assists in the repatriation process and the Secretary of the Interior may assess civil penalties on museums that fail to comply.

Yagan

Confessions Of A Headhunterthe indigenous warriorYagan memorial
For an example of a successful body part repatriation, see Yagan.
The burial site was identified in 1993; officials exhumed the head four years later and repatriated it to Australia.

Repatriation of Poles (1955–59)

Repatriation of Poles (1955–1959)1955–1959around 1956
Repatriation of Polish population in the years of 1955–1959 (also known as the second repatriation, to distinguish it from the first repatriation in the years 1944-1946) was the second wave of forced repatriation (in fact, deportation) of the Poles living in the territories annexed by the Soviet Union (see Kresy Wschodnie).

Patriation

patriatepatriatedpatriating
The word patriation was coined in Canada as a back-formation from repatriation (returning to one's country).

Polish population transfers (1944–1946)

Polish population transfersforcibly resettledPolish population transfers (1944–46)
The process is variously known as expulsion, deportation, depatriation, or repatriation, depending on the context and the source.

Military personnel

military manpersonnelservice member
The term may refer to non-human entities, such as converting a foreign currency into the currency of one's own country, as well as to the process of returning military personnel to their place of origin following a war.

War

warfarearmed conflictconflict
The term may refer to non-human entities, such as converting a foreign currency into the currency of one's own country, as well as to the process of returning military personnel to their place of origin following a war.

Human migration

migrationmigratedmigrate
It also applies to diplomatic envoys, international officials as well as expatriates and migrants in time of international crisis.

Refugee

refugeesrefugee statusasylum
For refugees, asylum seekers and illegal migrants, repatriation can mean either voluntary return or deportation.

Asylum seeker

asylum seekersasylumasylum-seeker
For refugees, asylum seekers and illegal migrants, repatriation can mean either voluntary return or deportation.

Voluntary return

voluntary repatriationreturnreturn home voluntarily
For refugees, asylum seekers and illegal migrants, repatriation can mean either voluntary return or deportation. Voluntary return is the return of eligible persons, such as refugees, to their country of origin or citizenship on the basis of freely expressed willingness to such return.

Deportation

deporteddeportexpulsion
For refugees, asylum seekers and illegal migrants, repatriation can mean either voluntary return or deportation.

Country of origin

Country-of-originMade in Britainregime of origin
Voluntary return is the return of eligible persons, such as refugees, to their country of origin or citizenship on the basis of freely expressed willingness to such return.

Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa

1969 Refugee Convention1969 Organization for African Unity ConventionOAU Convention
Voluntary return, unlike expulsion and deportation, which are actions of sovereign states, is defined as a personal right under specific conditions described in various international instruments, such as the OAU Convention, along with customary international law.

Illegal immigration

illegal immigrantillegal immigrantsundocumented immigrants
For refugees, asylum seekers and illegal migrants, repatriation can mean either voluntary return or deportation.

Right of asylum

political asylumasylumpolitical refugee
According to contemporary international law, prisoners of war, civil detainees, or refugees refusing repatriation, particularly if motivated by fears of political persecution in their own country, should be protected from refoulement and given, if possible, temporary or permanent asylum.

Internally displaced person

internally displaced personsinternally displaced peopleIDPs
A return could also be within the territorial boundaries of a country, as in the case of returning internally displaced persons and demobilized combatants.

Universal health care

universal healthcareuniversal health coverageuniversal

Medical evacuation

medevacMEDIVACmedevaced
Medical repatriation is different from the act of medical evacuation.