Repeater (horology)

repeaterminute repeaterrepeating clock5 minute repeaterChimeminute repeatersMinute-repeaterminute-repeatersrepeating hours, quarter hours and minutesrepeating watch
A repeater is a complication in a mechanical watch or clock that chimes the hours and often minutes at the press of a button.wikipedia
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Mechanical watch

mechanicalmechanical watchesmanual winding
A repeater is a complication in a mechanical watch or clock that chimes the hours and often minutes at the press of a button.
Repeater—a watch that chimes the hours audibly at the press of a button. This rare complication was originally used before artificial lighting to check what time it was in the dark. These complex mechanisms are now only found as novelties in extremely expensive luxury watches.

Daniel Quare

Both Edward Barlow and Daniel Quare claimed the invention of the repeating watch, just before 1700. Generally, repeating watches strike the hours and quarters, although the best London made eighteenth century repeating mechanisms (motions) were made using the Stockten system, named after the original inventor Matthew Stockten (known also as Stockton, Stockdon or Stogden) who worked for the famous makers Daniel Quare and George Graham.
Daniel Quare (1648 or 1649 – 21 March 1724) was an English clockmaker and instrument maker who Invented a repeating watch movement in 1680 and a portable barometer in 1695.

Clock

clockstimepiecemechanical clock
A repeater is a complication in a mechanical watch or clock that chimes the hours and often minutes at the press of a button.
The repeating clock, that chimes the number of hours (or even minutes) was invented by either Quare or Barlow in 1676.

Complication (horology)

complicationscomplicationcomplicated
A repeater is a complication in a mechanical watch or clock that chimes the hours and often minutes at the press of a button.
Repeater

Edward Barlow (priest)

Edward BarlowEdward BoothReverend Edward Barlow
The repeating clock was invented by the English cleric and inventor, the Reverend Edward Barlow in 1676.
In fact, his invention was connected with a repeating mechanism employing the rack and snail allowing repeater clocks to be built which, at the pull of a string, would strike the number of hours.

Striking clock

strikingchiming clockrack and snail
Repeaters should not be confused with striking clocks or watches, which do not strike on demand, but merely at regular intervals.
Rack striking also made possible the repeating clock, which can be made to repeat the last hour struck by pressing a button.

Audemars Piguet

Audemars Piguet Renaud & Papi SA
Audemars Piguet (2002 ?) Les Heures Musicales, Audemars Piguet edition. 70 pages with many repeater watches (pocket and wristwatches) made by Audemars Piguet. This is not a commercial catalog. High quality audio files of 8 modern minute repeaters watches. For each watch, there are 2 recording conditions (repeater on the wrist or on a table), and 2 recording quality (MP3 and Lossless). The watches are Audemars Piguet, Bvlgari, Corum, Franck Muller, IWC, Jaeger LeCoultre, Piaget and Vacheron Constantin. The recordings were made in an anechoic chamber.
One of Audemars Piguet's achievements was creating the first minute repeater wristwatch in 1892.

Samuel Watson (horologist)

Samuel Watson
First made in 1710 by Samuel Watson, the five-minute repeater strikes the hours and then the number of five-minute periods since the hour.
In 1710 Samuel Watson invented the 5 minute repeater.

Jaeger-LeCoultre

JaegerJaeger instrument panelJaeger-Le Coultre
High quality audio files of 8 modern minute repeaters watches. For each watch, there are 2 recording conditions (repeater on the wrist or on a table), and 2 recording quality (MP3 and Lossless). The watches are Audemars Piguet, Bvlgari, Corum, Franck Muller, IWC, Jaeger LeCoultre, Piaget and Vacheron Constantin. The recordings were made in an anechoic chamber.
In 1866, for the first time in watchmaking history, LeCoultre & Cie. began to manufacture calibres with small complications in small series, and in 1891 combined the chronograph and minute repeater complications into a double complication calibre. This subsequently led in the mid-1890s to the production of grandes complications, or watches comprising at least three classic horological complications, such as a perpetual calendar, chronograph and minute repeater. In 2004, the Manufacture created the Gyrotourbillon I, its first grande complication wristwatch, featuring a tourbillon gravitating on two axes, along with a perpetual calendar with double retrograde indicators and a running equation of time. In 2006, it released the Reverso grande complication à triptyque, the first watch in history to be equipped with three dials driven by a single movement, and in 2009 the company produced one of the world's most complicated wristwatches, the Hybris Mechanica à Grande Sonnerie with 26 complications.

Grande sonnerie

A grande sonnerie is a quarter (or minute) striking mechanism combined with a repeater.
Grande sonnerie (French, meaning 'grand strike') is a complication in a mechanical watch or clock which combines a quarter striking mechanism with a repeater.

Vacheron Constantin

Vacheron & Constantin-Le Coultre Watches, Inc.
High quality audio files of 8 modern minute repeaters watches. For each watch, there are 2 recording conditions (repeater on the wrist or on a table), and 2 recording quality (MP3 and Lossless). The watches are Audemars Piguet, Bvlgari, Corum, Franck Muller, IWC, Jaeger LeCoultre, Piaget and Vacheron Constantin. The recordings were made in an anechoic chamber.
In 1992, created the world's thinnest minute repeater watch, the Calibre 1755.

Franck Muller

Franck Muller Group
High quality audio files of 8 modern minute repeaters watches. For each watch, there are 2 recording conditions (repeater on the wrist or on a table), and 2 recording quality (MP3 and Lossless). The watches are Audemars Piguet, Bvlgari, Corum, Franck Muller, IWC, Jaeger LeCoultre, Piaget and Vacheron Constantin. The recordings were made in an anechoic chamber.
The watches had a split seconds chronograph, a minute repeater, and a perpetual calendar.

Visual impairment

blindblindnessvisually impaired
They originated before widespread artificial illumination, to allow the time to be determined in the dark, and were also used by the visually impaired.

Pocket watch

pocketwatchfob watchwatch fob
Repeater watches were much harder to make than repeater clocks; fitting the bells, wire gongs and complicated striking works into a pocketwatch movement was a feat of fine watchmaking.

George Graham (clockmaker)

George GrahamGraham
Generally, repeating watches strike the hours and quarters, although the best London made eighteenth century repeating mechanisms (motions) were made using the Stockten system, named after the original inventor Matthew Stockten (known also as Stockton, Stockdon or Stogden) who worked for the famous makers Daniel Quare and George Graham.

John Ellicott (clockmaker)

John Ellicott
From around 1750 watches this system was modified to repeat the hours, quarters and minutes (the minute repeater), the famous London maker John Ellicott appears to have been the first to produce these in numbers.

Abraham-Louis Breguet

Breguet
Around 1820 French watchmaker Abraham Breguet invented a reliable 'all-or-nothing' mechanism that prevented this, making watch repeaters considerably more reliable and popular.

Bell metal

bell bronzebell-metalB20 bronze
This bell was made of "Bell metal", a mixture of copper and tin.

Gong

tam-tamtamtamgongs
Later repeating watches use gongs made of long hardened steel wires that are coiled inside the watch case.

International Watch Company

IWCIWC Schaffhausen
High quality audio files of 8 modern minute repeaters watches. For each watch, there are 2 recording conditions (repeater on the wrist or on a table), and 2 recording quality (MP3 and Lossless). The watches are Audemars Piguet, Bvlgari, Corum, Franck Muller, IWC, Jaeger LeCoultre, Piaget and Vacheron Constantin. The recordings were made in an anechoic chamber. Manfred Fritz (1991) IWC Grande Complication, Edition Stemmle. 240 pages. Pages 142-176 and 194-201 are about the minute repeater mechanism of the IWC Grande Complication watch.

Kari Voutilainen

Voutilainen, Kari
Curtis D. Thomson (2006) Decimal Points, an article about Kari Voutilainen's minute repeater, International Watch (May 2006): pp. 136–140.

American Watchmakers-Clockmakers Institute

Ron DeCorte (2007) Exploring the Repeater (DVD and VHS), AWCI editions. Duration : 1 hour 30'.

Bulgari

BVLGARISotirios VoulgarisB
High quality audio files of 8 modern minute repeaters watches. For each watch, there are 2 recording conditions (repeater on the wrist or on a table), and 2 recording quality (MP3 and Lossless). The watches are Audemars Piguet, Bvlgari, Corum, Franck Muller, IWC, Jaeger LeCoultre, Piaget and Vacheron Constantin. The recordings were made in an anechoic chamber.

Corum (watchmakers)

Corum
High quality audio files of 8 modern minute repeaters watches. For each watch, there are 2 recording conditions (repeater on the wrist or on a table), and 2 recording quality (MP3 and Lossless). The watches are Audemars Piguet, Bvlgari, Corum, Franck Muller, IWC, Jaeger LeCoultre, Piaget and Vacheron Constantin. The recordings were made in an anechoic chamber.

Piaget SA

Piagethis valuable watchPiaget 12P
High quality audio files of 8 modern minute repeaters watches. For each watch, there are 2 recording conditions (repeater on the wrist or on a table), and 2 recording quality (MP3 and Lossless). The watches are Audemars Piguet, Bvlgari, Corum, Franck Muller, IWC, Jaeger LeCoultre, Piaget and Vacheron Constantin. The recordings were made in an anechoic chamber.