Representation of the People Act 1884

Third Reform Act18841884 Reform ActRepresentation of the People Act1884 Act1884 Parliamentary Reform Act1885another Reform Act in 1884Electoral Act of 1884electoral reform Act of 1884
In the United Kingdom, the Representation of the People Act 1884 (48 & 49 Vict. c. 3, also known informally as the Third Reform Act) and the Redistribution Act of the following year were laws which further extended the suffrage in Britain after the Derby Government's Reform Act 1867.wikipedia
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Redistribution of Seats Act 1885

Redistribution of Seats Act1885Redistribution of Seats Act of 1885
c. 3, also known informally as the Third Reform Act) and the Redistribution Act of the following year were laws which further extended the suffrage in Britain after the Derby Government's Reform Act 1867. The bill was so objectionable to the House of Lords that Gladstone was forced to redistribute the seats, in another bill: the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 redistributed constituencies, giving more representation to urban areas (especially London).
It was a piece of electoral reform legislation that redistributed the seats in the House of Commons, introducing the concept of equally populated constituencies, a concept in the broader global context termed equal apportionment, in an attempt to equalise representation across the UK. It was associated with, but not part of, the Representation of the People Act 1884.

Faggot voter

Faggot votefaggot votersfaggot votes
This was not to stop people acquiring multiple votes in different constituencies (plural voting was still permitted), but to restrict sub-division of one property to qualify multiple voters (so called faggot voters).
Faggot voting was abolished by the Representation of the People Act 1884.

Reform Act 1867

Second Reform Act1867 Reform ActReform Act of 1867
c. 3, also known informally as the Third Reform Act) and the Redistribution Act of the following year were laws which further extended the suffrage in Britain after the Derby Government's Reform Act 1867.
Representation of the People Act 1884 (or Third Reform Act)

Parliamentary franchise in the United Kingdom 1885–1918

unenfranchisedas for Westminster electionsconcomitant standardisation of the franchise
Parliamentary Franchise in the United Kingdom 1885–1918
The three Reform Acts of the nineteenth century brought about some order by amending franchises in a uniform manner (see Reform Act 1832, Reform Act 1867 and Representation of the People Act 1884).

Highland Land League

land struggle
Their votes led to the formation of the Crofters' Party and Highland Land League, and eventually the passage of the Crofters' Holdings (Scotland) Act 1886, which addressed many of their grievances and put an end to the Highland Clearances.
The 1880s were also a time, however, of growing democracy and of government which was increasingly responsive to public opinion, particularly after the electoral reform Act of 1884.

William Ewart Gladstone

GladstoneWilliam GladstoneW. E. Gladstone
The bill was so objectionable to the House of Lords that Gladstone was forced to redistribute the seats, in another bill: the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 redistributed constituencies, giving more representation to urban areas (especially London).
After the 1880 general election, Gladstone formed his second ministry (1880–1885), which saw the passage of the Third Reform Act as well as crises in Egypt (culminating in the Fall of Khartoum) and Ireland, where his government passed repressive measures but also improved the legal rights of Irish tenant farmers.

Representation of the People Act 1918

Representation of the People Act1918Representation of the People Bill
After the Third Reform Act in 1884, 60% of male householders over the age of 21 had the vote.

Crofters' Holdings (Scotland) Act 1886

Crofters' ActCrofters' Holdings (Scotland) ActCrofter's Holding Act
Their votes led to the formation of the Crofters' Party and Highland Land League, and eventually the passage of the Crofters' Holdings (Scotland) Act 1886, which addressed many of their grievances and put an end to the Highland Clearances.
In 1884 suffrage was extended to men owning land worth at least £10 or paying £10 in rent annually.

United Kingdom

British🇬🇧UK
In the United Kingdom, the Representation of the People Act 1884 (48 & 49 Vict. Section 2: This extended a uniform household (freeholder and leaseholder) franchise to all parliamentary boroughs and counties in the United Kingdom.

Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby

Lord DerbyEarl of DerbyLord Stanley
c. 3, also known informally as the Third Reform Act) and the Redistribution Act of the following year were laws which further extended the suffrage in Britain after the Derby Government's Reform Act 1867.

Voting

votevotervoters
Taken together, these measures extended the same voting qualifications as existed in the towns to the countryside, and essentially established the modern one member constituency as the normal pattern for Parliamentary representation.

Parliament of the United Kingdom

ParliamentUK ParliamentBritish Parliament
Taken together, these measures extended the same voting qualifications as existed in the towns to the countryside, and essentially established the modern one member constituency as the normal pattern for Parliamentary representation.

Borough

parliamentary boroughboroughsborough council
The Act extended the 1867 concessions from the boroughs to the countryside.

London

London, EnglandLondon, UKLondon, United Kingdom
The bill was so objectionable to the House of Lords that Gladstone was forced to redistribute the seats, in another bill: the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 redistributed constituencies, giving more representation to urban areas (especially London).

Universal suffrage

universal adult suffrageuniversal franchiseuniversal male suffrage
The 1884 Reform Act did not establish universal suffrage: although the size of the electorate was increased considerably, all women and 40% of adult males were still without the vote.

United Kingdom constituencies

constituencycounty constituencyparliamentary constituency
Section 2: This extended a uniform household (freeholder and leaseholder) franchise to all parliamentary boroughs and counties in the United Kingdom.

Plural voting

plural votersplural votesfamily voting
This was not to stop people acquiring multiple votes in different constituencies (plural voting was still permitted), but to restrict sub-division of one property to qualify multiple voters (so called faggot voters).

Scottish Highlands

HighlandsHighlandHighlanders
As many crofters in the Scottish Highlands qualified as £10 occupiers, the Act empowered Scottish Gaels to take action against evictions and rent increases at the end of the Highland Clearances.

Highland Clearances

clearancesclearedclearance
Their votes led to the formation of the Crofters' Party and Highland Land League, and eventually the passage of the Crofters' Holdings (Scotland) Act 1886, which addressed many of their grievances and put an end to the Highland Clearances. As many crofters in the Scottish Highlands qualified as £10 occupiers, the Act empowered Scottish Gaels to take action against evictions and rent increases at the end of the Highland Clearances.

Crofters Party

CrofterCroftersIndependent Liberal & Crofters Party
Their votes led to the formation of the Crofters' Party and Highland Land League, and eventually the passage of the Crofters' Holdings (Scotland) Act 1886, which addressed many of their grievances and put an end to the Highland Clearances.

National Liberal Club

National Liberalthe National Liberal ClubThe Wee Free Liberals
It was established by William Ewart Gladstone in 1882 to provide club facilities for Liberal Party campaigners among the newly enlarged electorate following the Third Reform Act in 1884.

Joseph Chamberlain

ChamberlainJoseph The Right Honourable '''Joseph Chamberlain
At the time, Chamberlain was notable for his attacks on the Conservative leader Lord Salisbury, and in the 1885 general election he proposed the "Unauthorised Programme", which was not enacted, of benefits for newly enfranchised agricultural labourers, including the slogan promising "three acres and a cow".

1885 United Kingdom general election

1885 general election1885general election of 1885
This was the first general election after an extension of the franchise and redistribution of seats.

Wells (UK Parliament constituency)

WellsWells (seat 1/2)Wells CC
Its revival saw a more comparable size of electorate across the country and across Somerset, with a large swathe of the county covered by this new seat, under the plans of the third Reform Act and the connected Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 which was enacted the following year.