Republic of China Air Force

Chinese Air ForceAir ForceROCAFROC Air ForceTaiwanese Air ForceChinese Nationalist Air ForceTaiwan Air ForceNationalist Chinese Air ForceChinaChina's Air Force
The Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF;, ) is the military aviation branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces.wikipedia
452 Related Articles

Republic of China Armed Forces

Military of the Republic of ChinaROC Armed Forcesmilitary
The Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF;, ) is the military aviation branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces.
The Republic of China Armed Forces, commonly known as the Taiwanese Armed Forces are the armed forces of the Republic of China now on Taiwan, encompassing the Army, Navy (including the Republic of China Marine Corps), Air Force and Military Police Force.

Flying Tigers

Flying Tiger1st American Volunteer GroupAmerican Volunteer Group
In the latter half of the Sino-Japanese War, part of World War II, the ROCAF was augmented by a volunteer group of American pilots (the Flying Tigers) in 1941.
The First American Volunteer Group (AVG) of the Chinese Air Force in 1941–1942, nicknamed the Flying Tigers, was composed of pilots from the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC), Navy (USN), and Marine Corps (USMC), recruited under President Franklin Roosevelt's authority before Pearl Harbor and commanded by Claire Lee Chennault.

Boeing P-26 Peashooter

P-26 PeashooterBoeing P-26A PeashooterBoeing P-26
The Chinese frontline fighter aircraft initially were mainly the Curtiss Hawk II and III and the Boeing P-26 model 281, and engaged Japanese fighters in many major air battles beginning on August 14, 1937, when Imperial Japanese Navy warplanes raided Chienchiao airbase; "814" has thus become known as "Air Force Day".
Both the Spanish Air Force (one aircraft) and the Republic of China Air Force (eleven aircraft) ordered examples of the Model 281 that was comparable to the P-26C in 1936.

Battle of Shanghai

ShanghaiJapanese invasion of ShanghaiSecond Battle of Shanghai
During the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945), the ROCAF participated in attacks on Japanese warships on the eastern front and along the Yangtze river including support for the Battle of Shanghai in 1937.
The next morning the Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF) began bombing various Japanese targets and Chinese ground forces attacked at 3 pm.

Black Cat Squadron

35th Squadronflying U-2 spy planes over mainland China on behalf ofTaiwanese pilots
Known as the Black Cat Squadron they flew a total of 220 missions, with 102 missions over mainland China, losing 5 aircraft.
The Black Cat Squadron, formally the 35th Squadron, was a squadron of the Republic of China Air Force that flew the U-2 surveillance plane out of Taoyuan Air Base in northern Taiwan, from 1961 to 1974.

Second Sino-Japanese War

Sino-Japanese WarJapanese invasion of ChinaJapanese invasion
During the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945), the ROCAF participated in attacks on Japanese warships on the eastern front and along the Yangtze river including support for the Battle of Shanghai in 1937.
In the three days from August 14 through 16, 1937, the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) sent many sorties of the then-advanced long-ranged G3M medium-heavy land-based bombers and assorted carrier-based aircraft with the expectation of destroying the Chinese Air Force.

AIDC F-CK-1 Ching-kuo

AIDC Ching-KuoIndigenous Defense FighterAIDC F-CK Indigenous Defence Fighter
Current ROCAF inventory includes over 400 combat aircraft, the mainstays being the AIDC F-CK-1 Ching-kuo IDF (Indigenous Defense Fighter) and F-16 while the Mirage 2000-5 provides the most formidable air-defense capabilities. Development of the F-CK-1 Ching-kuo Indigenous Defense Fighter (IDF) began in 1984 due to U.S. refusal to sell F-16s to the ROCAF as a result of changes in national policy between the U.S. and the People's Republic of China.
It was delivered to Republic of China Air Force in January 1994 and entered service in 1997.

North American F-86 Sabre

F-86 SabreF-86North American F-86F Sabre
The ROCAF received second hand equipment from the US at that time, such as the F-86, F-100 and F-104.
The Republic of China Air Force of Taiwan was an early recipient of surplus USAF Sabres.

Black Bat Squadron

Black Bat
The 34th "Black Bat Squadron" flew low level missions into China as part of its mapping PRC growing air defense networks, conducting ESM and ECM missions, inserting agents behind enemy lines, and air drop resupply missions.
The bat's wing piercing the "red circle" intentionally and the position of the stars representing the numbers 3 & 4 for its formal name; the 34th Squadron of the ROC Air Force.

S-75 Dvina

SA-2SA-2 GuidelineS-75
All five were shot down by SA-2 surface-to-air missiles, the same type of surface-to-air missile that shot down Gary Powers over the USSR in 1960.
Over the next few years, the Taiwanese ROCAF would lose several aircraft to the S-75: both RB-57s and various drones.

North American F-100 Super Sabre

F-100 Super SabreF-100F-100D Super Sabre
The ROCAF received second hand equipment from the US at that time, such as the F-86, F-100 and F-104.

AIDC AT-3

AT-3AIDC AT-3 Tzu ChungAT-3 (jet trainer)
Taiwan is looking to replace its current fleet of AT-3 jet trainers and F-5 LIFT planes with 66 advanced trainers.
The AIDC AT-3 Tzu Chung ("Self Reliance") is an advanced jet trainer operated by the Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF).

Battle of Guningtou

Battle of KuningtouBattle of KinmenKinmen
The ROCAF assisted in halting the PLA advance at the Battle of Kuningtou on Kinmen the same year.
With air support from American-made B-26 and B-25 bombers of the ROC Air Force, ROC forces eventually prevailed, taking Lincuo by noon and Nanshan at 3PM.

Fairchild C-123 Provider

C-123 ProviderC-123Fairchild C-123K Provider
The unit's strength included two C-123 cargo aircraft, seven flight officers and two mechanics, even though a higher number of military personnel was involved through rotation.
In 1962, the CIA acquired five C-123Bs from USAF for Air America to be used in Laos and Vietnam, and another 5 C-123Bs to be used by Republic of China Air Force (Taiwan) top secret 34th Squadron, a Black Ops units called the "Black Bat", as Flight B section (Flight A section was the two P2V-2U/RB-69A).

AIDC T-5 Brave Eagle

AIDC XAT-5 Blue Magpie
However, after the election of President Tsai Ing-wen, who intends to make Taiwan's defense industry a cornerstone for future development, it was decided to domestically design and build 66 AIDC XAT-5 Blue Magpie supersonic trainers instead of selecting the T-50 or M-346.
The Advanced Jet Trainer Program (AJT) began in the early 2000s as the Republic of China Air Force sought a replacement for its fleet of AIDC AT-3 and Northrop F-5 advanced trainers with 66 newly built aircraft.

Gao Zhihang

Kao Chih-HangKao Chi-Hang
It was a war of attrition for the Chinese pilots, as many of their most experienced ace fighter pilots, such as Lieutenant Liu Tsui-Kang and Colonel Kao Chih-Hang were lost early in the war.
According to official record of the Republic of China Air Force he is only credited with 3.5 victories and thus awarded the Three Star Medal.

Fokker 50

Fokker F50Fokker-5050
The Fokker 60 has been operated by the Royal Netherlands Air Force (RNLAF), ex-RNLAF aircraft are also in service with the Peruvian Naval Aviation and the Republic of China's Air Force.

General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon

F-16F-16 Fighting FalconF-16C Fighting Falcon
Development of the F-CK-1 Ching-kuo Indigenous Defense Fighter (IDF) began in 1984 due to U.S. refusal to sell F-16s to the ROCAF as a result of changes in national policy between the U.S. and the People's Republic of China.
The USAF said that the upgrade package will still be offered to the Republic of China Air Force, and Lockheed said that some common elements with the F-35 will keep the radar's unit costs down.

Luke Air Force Base

Luke AFBLuke FieldLuke AFB, Arizona
The United States serves as the ROCAF's main supplier of equipment and also provides training for ROCAF and ROC Navy pilots at Luke AFB in Arizona.
The 21st Fighter Squadron was activated on 8 August 1996 to train Republic of China Air Force F-16A/B crews at Luke AFB.

General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon variants

F-16C/D Fighting FalconF-16IF-16C/D
The first of these were for the RoCAF's (Taiwan) F-16A/B Block 20s.

Lockheed U-2

U-2U-2 spy planeTR-1
ROCAF pilots also flew U-2 recon overflights of the PRC during this time with assistance from the USAF.
Since the 1950s, the Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF) had used the RB-57D aircraft for reconnaissance missions over the People's Republic of China (PRC), but suffered two losses when MiG-17s and SA-2 surface-to-air missiles intercepted and downed the aircraft.

Lockheed F-104 Starfighter

F-104 StarfighterF-104Lockheed F-104G Starfighter
The ROCAF received second hand equipment from the US at that time, such as the F-86, F-100 and F-104.

Sky Sword

Sky Sword ISky Sword IISky Sword II (TC-2)
Sky Sword are a series of missile systems developed by the National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology in Taiwan for the Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF).