Republics in the Commonwealth of Nations

Commonwealth republicrepublic within the CommonwealthrepublicCommonwealth republicsrepublic within the Commonwealth of NationsrepublicsCommonwealth as a republicrepublics in the Commonwealthrepublics within the Commonwealth of Nationssupport for republicanism
The republics in the Commonwealth of Nations are the sovereign states in the organization with a republican form of government.wikipedia
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Parliamentary republic

parliamentaryrepublicceremonial presidency
Some states became parliamentary republics, such as Malta or Fiji.
In the case of many republics in the Commonwealth of Nations, it was common for the Sovereign, formerly represented by a Governor-General, to be replaced by an elected non-executive head of state.

Judicial Committee of the Privy Council

Privy CouncilJudicial CommitteeJudicial Committee of the British Privy Council
While the moves to both independence and republican status have broken the remaining constitutional links to the United Kingdom, a number of Commonwealth countries have retained a right of appeal directly to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council; for example, Mauritius, and (if the case involves constitutional rights) Kiribati.
In Commonwealth realms, appeals are nominally made to "Her Majesty in Council" (i.e. the British monarch as formally advised by her Privy Counsellors), who then refers the case to the Judicial Committee for "advice", while in Commonwealth republics retaining the JCPC as their final court of appeal, appeals are made directly to the Judicial Committee itself.

Head of state

heads of stateChief of Stateheads of states
Most of the Commonwealth's members achieved independence while keeping the British monarch as their own individual head of state (in a form of personal union) and later became republics within the Commonwealth by abolishing the monarchy.
After its expulsion from Malaysia on 9 August 1965, Singapore became a sovereign Commonwealth republic and installed Yusof bin Ishak as its first president.

Commonwealth of Nations

CommonwealthBritish CommonwealthCommonwealth countries
The republics in the Commonwealth of Nations are the sovereign states in the organization with a republican form of government.
The Queen is the head of state of 16 member states, known as the Commonwealth realms, while 32 other members are republics and five others have different monarchs.

Westminster system

WestminsterWestminster-styleWestminster parliamentary system
In the latter cases, not only was the monarchy abolished, but so was the entire Westminster system of parliamentary government as well.
An analogous scenario also exists in Commonwealth republics, such as India or Trinidad and Tobago, where there is a President, though not in Israel or Japan, where the respective prime ministers have the full legal power to implement executive decisions, and presidential (in Israel) or imperial (in Japan) approval is not required.

The Gambia

GambiaGambianRepublic of the Gambia
In others, such as Gambia, Ghana, and Malawi, the Presidency was an executive post, usually first held by the last Prime Minister, with each respective country being a Presidential republic.
Under the new president, The Gambia has begun the process of returning to its status as a Commonwealth republic with the support of the British government, formally presenting its application to re-join the Commonwealth of Nations to Secretary-General Patricia Scotland on 22 January 2018.

Maldives

Maldivianthe MaldivesRepublic of Maldives
Fiji and the Maldives also did not apply for continued membership after becoming republics (Fiji was likely to be suspended in any case, since a coup had overthrown the democratically elected government), and thus their membership lapsed too.
Ibrahim Mohamed Solih and his Cabinet has decided that the Maldives will be returning to its status as a Commonwealth republic.

Tanganyika

Republic of TanganyikamainlandTanzania Mainland
2. The United Republic of Tanzania was formed in 1964 from the merger of Tanganyika, which had gained independence in 1961 and became a republic in 1962, and Zanzibar, which had gained independence in 1963.
Tanganyika then became a republic within the Commonwealth, with Julius Nyerere as President of Tanganyika.

Ibrahim Mohamed Solih

Ibrahim Mohamad SolihIbrahim Solih
The government of Ibrahim Mohamed Solih has announced that the Maldives will return to its membership of the Commonwealth.
On 19 November, Solih announced that the Maldives is to return to the Commonwealth of Nations, a decision recommended by his Cabinet, considering that the Maldives was a Commonwealth republic from 1982 to 2016.

Head of state of Ireland (1936 to 1949)

Irish head of state from 1936 to 1949ambiguous37 (in practice), -1949 (legally)
Its Constitution established it as a de facto republic with little reference to a monarchy but equally no reference to a republic either (see Irish head of state from 1936 to 1949 for further discussion on this ambiguity).
After India and Pakistan became independent dominions on 15 August 1947, the title "Emperor of India" was officially abandoned on 22 June 1948, although George VI remained monarch of India until 26 January 1950, when India became a republic within the Commonwealth, the first Commonwealth country to do so.

South Sudan

Southern SudanRepublic of South SudanSouth Sudanese
The republics of South Sudan,
South Sudan has applied to join the Commonwealth of Nations, considering that South Sudan was part of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, and has 2 Commonwealth republics, Kenya and Uganda as neighbouring countries.

Sovereign state

statestatessovereign states
The republics in the Commonwealth of Nations are the sovereign states in the organization with a republican form of government.

Republic

constitutional republicrepublicsrepublican form of government
The republics in the Commonwealth of Nations are the sovereign states in the organization with a republican form of government.

Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth IIthe QueenQueen
Elizabeth II, who is the monarch in the Commonwealth realms, is also still the titular Head of the Commonwealth in a personal capacity, but this role does not carry with it any power; instead, it is a symbol of the free association of Commonwealth members.

Commonwealth realm

Commonwealth realmsrealmsCommonwealth
Elizabeth II, who is the monarch in the Commonwealth realms, is also still the titular Head of the Commonwealth in a personal capacity, but this role does not carry with it any power; instead, it is a symbol of the free association of Commonwealth members.

Head of the Commonwealth

HeadCommonwealthHeadship of the Commonwealth
Elizabeth II, who is the monarch in the Commonwealth realms, is also still the titular Head of the Commonwealth in a personal capacity, but this role does not carry with it any power; instead, it is a symbol of the free association of Commonwealth members.

Portuguese Mozambique

MozambiquePortuguese East AfricaOverseas Province of Mozambique
Except for the former Portuguese possession of Mozambique and the former Belgian trust territory of Rwanda, they are all former British (or partly British) colonies or self-governing colonies that have evolved into republics.

Ruanda-Urundi

Rwanda-UrundiBelgian colonial ruleBelgian rule
Except for the former Portuguese possession of Mozambique and the former Belgian trust territory of Rwanda, they are all former British (or partly British) colonies or self-governing colonies that have evolved into republics.

British Empire

BritishEmpireBritain
Except for the former Portuguese possession of Mozambique and the former Belgian trust territory of Rwanda, they are all former British (or partly British) colonies or self-governing colonies that have evolved into republics.

Self-governing colony

self-governingself-governing coloniesself-government
Except for the former Portuguese possession of Mozambique and the former Belgian trust territory of Rwanda, they are all former British (or partly British) colonies or self-governing colonies that have evolved into republics.

Monarchy of the United Kingdom

MonarchBritish monarchQueen of the United Kingdom
Most of the Commonwealth's members achieved independence while keeping the British monarch as their own individual head of state (in a form of personal union) and later became republics within the Commonwealth by abolishing the monarchy.

Personal union

personalUnionunited
Most of the Commonwealth's members achieved independence while keeping the British monarch as their own individual head of state (in a form of personal union) and later became republics within the Commonwealth by abolishing the monarchy.

Bangladesh Liberation War

Liberation War of Bangladeshliberation warBangladesh War of Independence
In some other instances, the countries became republics after achieving independence from other former British colonies (as Bangladesh did from Pakistan in 1971).

London Declaration

Republics have been allowed as members of the Commonwealth since the London Declaration made on 28 April 1949.

Republic of Ireland

IrelandIrishRepublic
Ten days before that declaration, the Republic of Ireland had been declared, ensuring most of Ireland's self-exclusion from the Commonwealth as republics were not allowed in the Commonwealth at that time (Northern Ireland, as part of the United Kingdom, remained within the Commonwealth).