Rescue of Jews by Poles during the Holocaust
Polish Jews were the primary victims of the German-organized Holocaust in Poland.- Rescue of Jews by Poles during the Holocaust
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The history of the Jews in Poland dates back at least 1,000 years.
Examples of Polish attitudes to German atrocities varied widely, from actively risking death in order to save Jewish lives, and passive refusal to inform on them, to indifference, blackmail, and in extreme cases, participation in pogroms such as the Jedwabne pogrom.
The citizens of Poland have the world's highest count of individuals who have been recognized by Yad Vashem of Jerusalem as the Polish Righteous Among the Nations, for saving Jews from extermination during the Holocaust in World War II.
In numerous instances, Jews were saved by entire communities, with everyone engaged, such as in the villages of Markowa and Głuchów near Łańcut, Główne, Ozorków, Borkowo near Sierpc, Dąbrowica near Ulanów, in Głupianka near Otwock, Teresin near Chełm, Rudka, Jedlanka, Makoszka, Tyśmienica, and Bójki in Parczew-Ostrów Lubelski area, and Mętów, near Głusk.
Town in south-eastern Poland, with 18,004 inhabitants, as of 2 June 2009.
The Germans executed several Poles in the town for rescuing Jews, while at least one Polish man managed to escape and survive.
Ukrainian nationalist paramilitary and later partisan formation.
Nevertheless, Jews hiding from the Germans with Poles in Polish villages were often killed by UPA along with their Polish saviors, although in at least one case, they were spared as the Poles were murdered.
One of five major metropolitan Nazi ghettos created by Germany in the new General Government territory during the German occupation of Poland in World War II.
A Jewish Holocaust survivor from Kraków, Maria Błeszyńska née Bernstein, attempted to save Zakulski's life in gratitude for his rescue of her and her daughter during the Holocaust; however, she was unsuccessful.
Polish politician, social activist, journalist, writer and historian.
Żegota, a Polish World War II resistance organization whose objective was to help Jews during the Holocaust, operated under the auspices of the Polish Government in Exile through the Delegatura, its presence in Warsaw.
City in southeastern Poland with 60,442 inhabitants, as of June 2020.
The local branches of the Polish underground and the Żegota managed to save 415 Jews.
German zone of occupation established after the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, Slovakia and the Soviet Union in 1939 at the onset of World War II.
The existence of Sonderdienst constituted a grave danger for the non-Jewish Poles who attempted to help ghettoised Jews in the cities, as in the Mińsk Mazowiecki Ghetto among numerous others, because Christian Poles were executed under the charge of aiding Jews.
Ninth-largest city in Poland and the second-largest city of historical Lesser Poland.
There are also known cases of local Polish men and women, who were captured and sent to either forced labour or concentration camps by the Germans for sheltering and aiding Jews.
Polish pianist and classical composer of Jewish descent.
Despite the efforts of Szpilman and the Poles to rescue him, Hosenfeld died in a Soviet prisoner of war camp in 1952.