Research

researcherresearchersoriginal researchstudyresearch projectstudiesacademic researchresearch ethicsresearch methodsresearch method
Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.wikipedia
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Research and development

R&Dresearch & developmentdevelopment
The primary purposes of basic research (as opposed to applied research) are documentation, discovery, interpretation, or the research and development (R&D) of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge.
Research and development constitutes the first stage of development of a potential new service or the production process.

Social research

sociological researchsociological analysisresearch
There are several forms of research: scientific, humanities, artistic, economic, social, business, marketing, practitioner research, life, technological, etc.
Social research is a research conducted by social scientists following a systematic plan.

Academic journal

journaljournalsacademic journals
The degree of originality of the research is among major criteria for articles to be published in academic journals and usually established by means of peer review. Most established academic fields have their own scientific journals and other outlets for publication, though many academic journals are somewhat interdisciplinary, and publish work from several distinct fields or subfields. The Society for Artistic Research (SAR) publishes the triannual Journal for Artistic Research (JAR), an international, online, open access, and peer-reviewed journal for the identification, publication, and dissemination of artistic research and its methodologies, from all arts disciplines and it runs the Research Catalogue (RC), a searchable, documentary database of artistic research, to which anyone can contribute.
Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews.

John W. Creswell

Another definition of research is given by John W. Creswell, who states that "research is a process of steps used to collect and analyze information to increase our understanding of a topic or issue".
He has written numerous journal articles and 27 books on mixed methods research, research methods, and qualitative research.

Science

scientificsciencesscientific knowledge
There are several forms of research: scientific, humanities, artistic, economic, social, business, marketing, practitioner research, life, technological, etc.
Science is based on research, which is commonly conducted in academic and research institutions as well as in government agencies and companies.

Academic authorship

authoracademic articlesacademic authors
In some subjects which do not typically carry out experimentation or analysis of this kind, the originality is in the particular way existing understanding is changed or re-interpreted based on the outcome of the work of the researcher.
In academic publishing, authorship of a work is claimed by those making intellectual contributions to the completion of the research described in the work.

Practitioner research

There are several forms of research: scientific, humanities, artistic, economic, social, business, marketing, practitioner research, life, technological, etc.
Practitioner Research refers to research and/or workplace research such as evaluation performed by individuals who also work in a professional field as opposed to being full-time academic researchers.

Hypothesis

hypotheseshypotheticalhypothesized
2) Hypothesis: A testable prediction which designates the relationship between two or more variables.
A working hypothesis is a provisionally accepted hypothesis proposed for further research, in a process beginning with an educated guess or thought.

Empirical research

empiricalempirical evidenceempirical studies
The researcher(s) then analyzes and interprets the data via a variety of statistical methods, engaging in what is known as empirical research.
Empirical research is research using empirical evidence.

Postgraduate education

postgraduategraduate studentpost-graduate
Graduate students are commonly required to perform original research as part of a dissertation.
Both master's and doctoral programs may be done by coursework or research or a combination of the two, depending on the subject and faculty.

Exploratory research

exploratory
Exploratory research, which helps to identify and define a problem or question.
Exploratory research is research conducted for a problem that has not been studied more clearly, intended to establish priorities, develop operational definitions and improve the final research design.

Research design

designhowResearch designs
Ethical issues may arise in the design and implementation of research involving human experimentation or animal experimentation, such as: various aspects of academic scandal, including scientific misconduct (such as fraud, fabrication of data and plagiarism), whistleblowing; regulation of research, etc. Research ethics is most developed as a concept in medical research.
A research design is the set of methods and procedures used in collecting and analyzing measures of the variables specified in the research problem research.

Nuremberg Code

Nuremberg CodesThe Nuremberg Code
The Nuremberg Code is a former agreement, but with many still important notes.
The Nuremberg Code (Nürnberger Kodex) is a set of research ethics principles for human experimentation created as a result of the Nuremberg trials at the end of the Second World War.

Human subject research

human experimentationguinea pighuman experiments
Ethical issues may arise in the design and implementation of research involving human experimentation or animal experimentation, such as: various aspects of academic scandal, including scientific misconduct (such as fraud, fabrication of data and plagiarism), whistleblowing; regulation of research, etc. Research ethics is most developed as a concept in medical research.
The Declaration of Helsinki is widely regarded as the cornerstone document on human research ethics.

Declaration of Helsinki

Helsinki DeclarationHelsinki Committeeethical
The key agreement here is the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki.
It is widely regarded as the cornerstone document on human research ethics.

Informed consent

consentconsensualprior informed consent
When research involves human subjects, obtaining informed consent from them is essential.
Informed consent is collected according to guidelines from the fields of medical ethics and research ethics.

Primary source

primary sourcesprimaryprimary documents
This material is of a primary source character.
Original research

Outline of academic disciplines

academic disciplineacademic disciplinesdiscipline
Most established academic fields have their own scientific journals and other outlets for publication, though many academic journals are somewhat interdisciplinary, and publish work from several distinct fields or subfields.
An academic discipline or field of study is a branch of knowledge, taught and researched as part of higher education.

Research fellow

Fellowsenior research fellowfellowship
The term is also sometimes translated as research fellow, research associate, etc.
A research fellow is an academic research position at a university or a similar research institution, usually for academic staff or faculty members.

Open access

open-accessopen access journalopen access journals
The Society for Artistic Research (SAR) publishes the triannual Journal for Artistic Research (JAR), an international, online, open access, and peer-reviewed journal for the identification, publication, and dissemination of artistic research and its methodologies, from all arts disciplines and it runs the Research Catalogue (RC), a searchable, documentary database of artistic research, to which anyone can contribute.
Open access (OA) refers to research outputs which are distributed online and free of cost or other barriers, and possibly with the addition of a Creative Commons license to promote reuse.

Giaco Schiesser

For a survey of the central problematics of today's Artistic Research, see Giaco Schiesser.
In this capacity he has been contributing substantially to the conception, implementation and realisation of new BA and MA Fine Arts curricula and, within the most recent years to the conception of artistic (practice based) Ph.D. programmes and the problematics of Artistic Research as well as to the problematics of authorship, of psychoanalysis and of Bob Dylan as DJ.

Research-intensive cluster

research-intensive research-intensivecorridor
Research-intensive cluster
Research-intensive clusters (RICs) are regions with a high density of research-oriented organizations.

List of psychological research methods

psychological methodsResearch MethodsPsychological Research Unit 1
Psychological research methods
A wide range of research methods are used in psychology.

Internet research

online
Internet research
Internet research is the practice of using Internet information, especially free information on the World Wide Web, or Internet-based resources (like Internet discussion forum) in research.

Scholarly method

scholarscholarlyscholars
Scholarly research
It is the methods that systemically advance the teaching, research, and practice of a given scholarly or academic field of study through rigorous inquiry.