Respect (song)

Song written and originally recorded by American soul singer Otis Redding.

- Respect (song)

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King Curtis

American saxophonist who played rhythm and blues, jazz, and rock and roll.

King Curtis, from an advertisement for his 1971 single "Whole Lotta Love"

He played riffs and solos on hit singles such as "Respect" by Aretha Franklin (1965), and "Yakety Yak" by The Coasters (1958) and his own "Soul Serenade" (1964) and "Memphis Soul Stew" (1967).

Soul music

Popular music genre that originated in the African American community throughout the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

Al Green (1973), one of the genre's major pioneering artists
Ray Charles pioneered the soul music genre during the 1950s by combining blues, rhythm and blues, and gospel styles
James Brown was known as the "Godfather of Soul"
Sam Cooke is acknowledged as one of soul music's "forefathers".
Solomon Burke recorded for Atlantic in the 1960s
Aretha Franklin is widely known as the "Queen of Soul"
Marvin Gaye shifted to a soul sound with his 1971 hit "What's Going On"
Levi Stubbs singing lead with the Four Tops in 1966
Soul singer Otis Redding was an electrifying stage presence
Isaac Hayes performing in 1973
Adele performing in 2016

Her 1967 recordings, such as "I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)", "Respect" (written and originally recorded by Otis Redding), and "Do Right Woman, Do Right Man" (written by Chips Moman and Dan Penn), were significant and commercially successful productions.

Monterey International Pop Festival

Three-day music festival held June 16 to 18, 1967, at the Monterey County Fairgrounds in Monterey, California.

Jefferson Airplane in early 1967
Janis Joplin (photo 1968)
The Beach Boys' sudden cancellation from the event drew criticism and controversy.
Advertising promoting the festival published in Cashbox magazine in 1967

Redding's show, received well by the audience ("there is certainly more audible crowd participation in Redding's set than in any of the others filmed by Pennebaker that weekend") included "Respect" and a version of "Satisfaction".

Aretha Franklin

American singer, songwriter and pianist.

Franklin in 1968
Franklin's birthplace, 406 Lucy Avenue, Memphis, Tennessee
Franklin in 1967
Franklin in 1998
Franklin performing in April 2007 at the Nokia Theater in Dallas, Texas
Franklin performs in the East Room of the White House in 2015
Franklin waiting to perform at the White House, in 2015
Franklin and William Wilkerson at the 2011 US Open
Franklin wipes a tear after being given the Presidential Medal of Freedom on November 9, 2005, at the White House. She is seated between fellow recipients Robert Conquest (left) and Alan Greenspan

Hit songs such as "I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)", "Respect", "(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman", "Chain of Fools", "Think", and "I Say a Little Prayer", propelled Franklin past her musical peers.

Roger Hawkins (drummer)

American drummer best known for playing as part of the studio backing band known as the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section (also known as the Swampers) of Alabama.

Hand drummers in Berkeley, California, about 1966

Hawkins's drumming can be heard on dozens of hit singles, including tracks by Percy Sledge ("When a Man Loves a Woman"), Aretha Franklin ("Respect", "I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)" etc.), Wilson Pickett ("Mustang Sally", "Land of 1000 Dances"), The Staple Singers, Johnnie Taylor, Bobby Womack, Clarence Carter, Etta James, Duane Allman, Joe Cocker, Paul Simon, Bob Seger, Bonnie Bramlett, Bobby "Blue" Bland, Boz Scaggs, Albert King, Traffic, Rod Stewart, Dan Penn, Lulu, and Willie Nelson.

Donald "Duck" Dunn

American bass guitarist, session musician, record producer, and songwriter.

Dunn in 2007
Dunn (left), Guy Sebastian (center) and Steve Cropper (right) on tour in Australia with the Memphis Tour

The MG's and Dunn's bass lines on songs like Otis Redding's "Respect" and "I Can't Turn You Loose", Sam & Dave's "Hold On, I'm Comin'", and Albert King's "Born Under a Bad Sign" influenced musicians everywhere.

FAME Studios

Recording studio located at 603 East Avalon Avenue in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, an area of northern Alabama known as the Shoals.

FAME Recording Studios in 2010
Rick Hall at FAME Studios in 2010

The entire LP might have been recorded at FAME, but after Franklin's husband Ted White started an altercation, producer Jerry Wexler decided to continue recording in New York, including "Respect", again using the Swampers for the accompaniment.

Jimmy Johnson (session guitarist)

American session guitarist and record producer.

Session musician Hal Blaine (pictured in 1995) is widely regarded as one of the most prolific drummers in rock and roll history, having "certainly played on more hit records than any drummer in the rock era".

"Respect" (45), Aretha Franklin (1967)

Erma Franklin

American gospel and soul singer.

Franklin in 1967

Among her more notable back-up performances for her sister was on Aretha's signature tune "Respect".

Otis Blue/Otis Redding Sings Soul

Third studio album by American soul singer and songwriter Otis Redding.

Recording equipment from the Stax studio preserved at the Stax Museum of American Soul Music in Memphis; house-band player Steve Cropper shown on an adjacent screen, 2013
The Stax crew during Otis Blues recording, from left to right: Cropper, Donald "Duck" Dunn, engineer Tom Dowd, David Porter, Julius Green, Andrew Love, Floyd Newman, Wayne Jackson, and Isaac Hayes.
Redding (1966) performs in a forceful and energetic style throughout the album.

It was his first to top the US R&B LPs chart and also reached number 6 on the UK Albums Chart, while three of its singles became top 40 hits: the Redding original "I've Been Loving You Too Long", the Rolling Stones cover "Satisfaction", and "Respect" (later repopularized by Aretha Franklin).