Revised Penal Code of the Philippines

Revised Penal CodeAct 3815Penal Codereclusion perpetuarights of prisoners
The Revised Penal Code contains the general penal laws of the Philippines.wikipedia
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Philippine criminal law

criminal lawcriminal laws in the Philippinesgeneral penal laws of the Philippines
The Revised Penal Code contains the general penal laws of the Philippines.
3815, with the enactment of the Revised Penal Code of the Philippines (the “Revised Penal Code”).

Abortion in the Philippines

illegal in the Philippineslaws against abortion in the Philippinesabortion
The Code also penalizes other acts which are considered criminal in the Philippines, such as adultery, concubinage, and abortion.
Articles 256, 258 and 259 of the Revised Penal Code of the Philippines mandate imprisonment for women who undergo abortion, as well as for any person who assists in the procedure.

Anacleto Díaz

Anacleto Diaz
The new Code was drafted by a committee created in 1927, and headed by Judge Anacleto Díaz, who would never it later serve on the Supreme Court.
By 1930, his committee had finished drafting the Revised Penal Code of the Philippines, which remains as the basic penal law in the Philippines.

Reclusión perpetua

reclusion perpetuaforty years imprisonmentreclusio perpetua
With the abolition of the death penalty in 2006, the highest penalty currently possible under the Revised Penal Code is reclusion perpetua, which ranges from 20 years and 1 day to 40 years' imprisonment.
* Revised Penal Code of the Philippines

Philippine legal codes

Local Government CodeLocal Government Code of the PhilippinesLocal Government Code of 1991
A new Revised Penal Code was enacted in 1930, while a new Civil Code took effect in 1950.

Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012

Cybercrime Prevention Actcyber libelThe Cybercrime Prevention Act
9775 (the Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009), and libel, an offense under Section 355 of the Revised Penal Code of the Philippines, also criminalizing them when committed using a computer system.

Spanish Empire

SpanishSpainSpanish colonies
The Revised Penal Code supplanted the Spanish Código Penal, which was in force in the Philippines (then a colony of the Spanish Empire up to 1898) from 1886 to 1930, after a failed attempt in to be implented in 1877.

Supreme Court of the Philippines

Supreme CourtPhilippine Supreme CourtChief Justice
The new Code was drafted by a committee created in 1927, and headed by Judge Anacleto Díaz, who would never it later serve on the Supreme Court.

Murder

first-degree murderfirst degree murdersecond-degree murder
The Revised Penal Code criminalizes a whole class of acts that are generally accepted as criminal, such as the taking of a life whether through murder or homicide, rape, robbery and theft, and treason.

Homicide

homicideshomicide detectivehomicidal
The Revised Penal Code criminalizes a whole class of acts that are generally accepted as criminal, such as the taking of a life whether through murder or homicide, rape, robbery and theft, and treason.

Rape

rapingrapistraped
The Revised Penal Code criminalizes a whole class of acts that are generally accepted as criminal, such as the taking of a life whether through murder or homicide, rape, robbery and theft, and treason. Prior to the 1997 amendments, rape had been classified as a crime against chastity and was defined as "having carnal knowledge of a woman" under enumerated circumstances that indicated lack of consent.

Robbery

armed robberyrobberiesrobber
The Revised Penal Code criminalizes a whole class of acts that are generally accepted as criminal, such as the taking of a life whether through murder or homicide, rape, robbery and theft, and treason.

Theft

thiefthievesstealing
The Revised Penal Code criminalizes a whole class of acts that are generally accepted as criminal, such as the taking of a life whether through murder or homicide, rape, robbery and theft, and treason.

Treason

high treasontraitortraitors
The Revised Penal Code criminalizes a whole class of acts that are generally accepted as criminal, such as the taking of a life whether through murder or homicide, rape, robbery and theft, and treason.

Adultery

adulterousaffairadulterer
The Code also penalizes other acts which are considered criminal in the Philippines, such as adultery, concubinage, and abortion.

Concubinage

concubineconcubinesconcubin
The Code also penalizes other acts which are considered criminal in the Philippines, such as adultery, concubinage, and abortion.

Illegal drug trade

drug traffickingdrug dealerdrug dealing
The most notable crimes now excluded from the Revised Penal Code are those concerning illegal drug use or trafficking, which are penalized instead under the Dangerous Drugs Act of 1972 and later the Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002.

Aggravation (law)

aggravated murderaggravatedaggravating circumstances
One distinct aspect of the Revised Penal Code centers on its classification of aggravating, exempting and mitigating circumstances, the appreciation of which affects the graduation of penalties.

Mitigating factor

extenuating circumstancesmitigating circumstancesmitigating
One distinct aspect of the Revised Penal Code centers on its classification of aggravating, exempting and mitigating circumstances, the appreciation of which affects the graduation of penalties.

Sentence (law)

sentencesentencedsentencing
One distinct aspect of the Revised Penal Code centers on its classification of aggravating, exempting and mitigating circumstances, the appreciation of which affects the graduation of penalties.

Chastity

chastesexual purityvow of chastity
Prior to the 1997 amendments, rape had been classified as a crime against chastity and was defined as "having carnal knowledge of a woman" under enumerated circumstances that indicated lack of consent.

Capital punishment in the Philippines

death penaltydeath penalty in the Philippinescapital punishment
With the abolition of the death penalty in 2006, the highest penalty currently possible under the Revised Penal Code is reclusion perpetua, which ranges from 20 years and 1 day to 40 years' imprisonment.

Life imprisonment

life sentencelife in prisonlife
The penalty of life imprisonment is not provided for in the Revised Penal Code, although it is imposed by other penal statutes such as the Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act.