Rhythm and blues

Louis Jordan in New York City, c. undefined July 1946
The habanera rhythm shown as tresillo (lower notes) with the backbeat (upper note)
Fats Domino in 1956
Piano excerpt from the rumba boogie "Mardi Gras in New Orleans" (1949) by Professor Longhair. 2–3 claves are written above for rhythmic reference.
3–2 clave written in two measures in cut-time
Tresillo answered by the backbeat, the essence of clave in African American music
Bo Diddley's "Bo Diddley beat" is a clave-based motif.
Ray Charles in 1971
Ruth Brown was known as the "Queen of R&B"
Della Reese
Sam Cooke
Eric Burdon & the Animals (1964)

Genre of popular music that originated in African-American communities in the 1940s.

- Rhythm and blues
Louis Jordan in New York City, c. undefined July 1946

115 related topics

Alpha

Ertegun circa 1960

Ahmet Ertegun

Turkish-American businessman, songwriter, record executive and philanthropist.

Turkish-American businessman, songwriter, record executive and philanthropist.

Ertegun circa 1960
The Ertegun family in 1942
Atlantic Records logo from its inception in 1947 to 1966 (it was still used on 7" single releases), used again from 1979 to 1981 and 2004 to 2015.
Ahmet (left) with his brother Nesuhi, around 1960

He discovered and championed many leading rhythm and blues and rock musicians.

Johnny Otis

American singer, musician, composer, arranger, bandleader, talent scout, disc jockey, record producer, television show host, artist, author, journalist, minister, and impresario.

American singer, musician, composer, arranger, bandleader, talent scout, disc jockey, record producer, television show host, artist, author, journalist, minister, and impresario.

He was a seminal influence on American R&B and rock and roll.

Roy Brown (blues musician)

Roy James Brown (September 10, 1920 or 1925 – May 25, 1981) was an American R&B singer, songwriter and musician, who had a significant influence on the early development of rock and roll and the direction of R&B.

The Dave Clark Five appearing on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1966

Beat music

The Dave Clark Five appearing on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1966
The arrival of the Beatles in the U.S., and subsequent appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, marked the start of the British Invasion

Beat music, British beat, or Merseybeat is a popular music genre, influenced by rock and roll, skiffle, R&B, and traditional pop music, that developed in and around Liverpool in the early 1960s, before expanding to the rest of the UK and the United States by 1964.

Price in 1959

Lloyd Price

Price in 1959
Price in 1996
Price with the Ed Palermo Big Band, 2018

Lloyd Price (March 9, 1933May 3, 2021) was an American R&B and swing singer-songwriter, record executive and bandleader, known as "Mr. Personality", after his 1959 million-selling hit, "Personality".

Winwood in 2009

Steve Winwood

Winwood in 2009
Winwood on organ with Spencer Davis Group (Amsterdam, 1966)
Winwood with Traffic
Winwood in Knoxville, Tennessee (2005)
The Steve Winwood Band in 2009 on tour
Winwood at the Hangout Music Festival, May 2012

Stephen Lawrence Winwood (born 12 May 1948) is an English professional musician and songwriter whose genres include blue-eyed soul, rhythm and blues, blues rock and pop rock.

Two mid-1960s mods on a customised Lambretta scooter

Mod (subculture)

Subculture that began in London and spread throughout Great Britain and elsewhere, eventually influencing fashions and trends in other countries, and continues today on a smaller scale.

Subculture that began in London and spread throughout Great Britain and elsewhere, eventually influencing fashions and trends in other countries, and continues today on a smaller scale.

Two mid-1960s mods on a customised Lambretta scooter
Quadrophenia exhibit at the Cotswold Motor Museum in Bourton-on-the-Water in 2007
The Small Faces in 1965
Carnaby Street in "Swinging London" circa 1966
Miniskirt-wearing woman in 1966
Mod graffiti in Italy from 2007
Mod revivalists at Box Hill, Surrey, England, in April 2007
Quadrophenia alley, June 2020.
Royal Air Force roundel, a mod symbol
Pete Townshend of The Who in 1967
Dexamphetamine tablets
1963 VBB Standard 150
Vespa with characteristic collection of mirrors

Elements of the mod subculture include fashion (often tailor-made suits); music (including soul, rhythm and blues, ska, jazz, and later splintering off into freakbeat); and motor scooters (usually Lambretta or Vespa).

Jennifer Lopez performing at a pop music festival

Music genre

Conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions.

Conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions.

Jennifer Lopez performing at a pop music festival
Two DJs practicing turntablism
Piano accordion: Italian instrument used in several cultures
Metallica performing at the O2 Arena, March 28, 2009
John Scofield at the stage of Energimølla. The concert was part of Kongsberg Jazzfestival and took place on 6 July 2017

The music genre of reggae is known to incorporate stylistic techniques from rhythm and blues, jazz, African, Caribbean, and other genres as well but what makes reggae unique are the vocals and lyrics.

Tres cubano

Guajeo

Typical Cuban ostinato melody, most often consisting of arpeggiated chords in syncopated patterns.

Typical Cuban ostinato melody, most often consisting of arpeggiated chords in syncopated patterns.

Tres cubano
Changüí offbeat guajeo written in cut-time[[File:Changui guajeo cut-time.mid]]
Generic son-based guajeo written in cut-time[[File:Generic 3-2 guajeo.mid]]
3-2 Piano guajeo: clave motif[[File:3-2 guajeo.mid]])
2-3 piano guajeo: clave motif[[File:2-3 guajeo.mid]]
3-2 guajeo: offbeat/onbeat motif[[File:B guajeo.mid]]
2-3 guajeo: onbeat/offbeat motif[[File:Two three guajeo.mid]]
2-3 clave (top) with ponchando figure (bottom).
Ponchando figure originally used in "Rareza de Melitón" (1942) by Arcano y Sus Maravillas[[File:Ponchando cut-time.mid]]
2-3 piano guajeo in octaves.
"Tanga" (Mario Bauzá) in the style of Machito and his Afro‐Cubans (recorded 1949).
A section of "Sabor" by João Donato, as arranged by Mark Levine, and performed by Cal Tjader.
2-3 piano guajeo with jazz voicings.
Generic chachachá piano guajeo (c. late 1940s)
NY-style 2-3 mozambique piano guajeo by Rebeca Mauleón.
"Con el bate de aluminio" (1979).
2-3 trumpet and trombone moñas, "Bilongo" (c. 1969) Top: trumpet; bottom: trombone.
2-3 trumpet and trombone moñas, "Guatacando" (1968). 1. trumpets; 2. trombones.
Piano excerpt from the rumba boogie "Mardi Gras in New Orleans" (1949) by Professor Longhair. 2-3 clave is written above for rhythmic reference.
"Passi ya boloko" by Franco (c. mid-1950s). From top: lead guitar; rhythm guitar; bass guitar.
Seben section of a soukous song. From top: solo guitar; mi-solo guitar; accompaniment guitar.
Top: clave. Bottom highlife guitar part[[File:Highlife guitar.mid]]
Top: 2-3 clave. Bottom: afrobeat guitar part[[File:Afro-beat.mid]]

The Cuban influence was exceptionally strong in the Crescent City during the late 1940s and early 1950s, when rhythm & blues (R&B) was first forming.

New Orleans

Consolidated city-parish located along the Mississippi River in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of Louisiana.

Consolidated city-parish located along the Mississippi River in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of Louisiana.

The New Orleans cityscape in early February 2007
The Revolt took place in what is now Natchez National Historical Park in Natchez, Mississippi.
1724 plan for Saint Louis Parish Church, New Orleans, Louisiana, by Adrien de Pauger
The Battle of New Orleans (1815)
Plan of the city and suburbs of New Orleans: from a survey made in 1815
Mississippi River steamboats at New Orleans, 1853
The starving people of New Orleans under Union occupation during the Civil War, 1862
Esplanade Avenue at Burgundy Street, looking lakewards (north) towards Lake Pontchartrain in 1900
1943 waiting line at wartime Rationing Board office in New Orleans
Richard Nixon in New Orleans, August 1970. Royal at Iberville Streets, heading to Canal Street.
A view of the New Orleans Central Business District, as seen from the Mississippi River. USS New Orleans (LPD-18) in foreground (2007).
Hurricane Katrina at its New Orleans landfall
An aerial view from a United States Navy helicopter showing floodwaters around the Louisiana Superdome (stadium) and surrounding area (2005)
A true-color satellite image taken on NASA's Landsat 7, 2004
Vertical cross-section, showing maximum levee height of 23 ft
Bourbon Street, New Orleans, in 2003, looking towards Canal Street
New Orleans contains many distinctive neighborhoods.
Skyline of the Central Business District of New Orleans
Snow falls on St. Charles Avenue in December 2008.
Hurricanes of Category 3 or greater passing within 100 miles, from 1852 to 2005 (NOAA)
Map of racial distribution in New Orleans, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
2016 New Orleans Pride
Cathedral-Basilica of St. Louis, King of France
Beth Israel synagogue building on Carondelet Street
A tanker on the Mississippi River in New Orleans
Intracoastal Waterway near New Orleans
The steamboat Natchez operates out of New Orleans.
Aerial view of NASA's Michoud Assembly Facility
French Quarter in 2009
Street artist in the French Quarter (1988)
The New Orleans Museum of Art (NOMA) located in City Park
New Orleans Mardi Gras in the early 1890s
Mounted krewe officers in the Thoth Parade during Mardi Gras
Louis Armstrong, famous New Orleans jazz musician
Frank Ocean is a musician from New Orleans.
Steamship Bienville on-board restaurant menu (April 7, 1861)
Café du Monde, a landmark New Orleans beignet cafe established in 1862
The fleur-de-lis is often a symbol of New Orleans and its sports teams.
A view of Gibson Hall at Tulane University
University of New Orleans
Xavier University of Louisiana, 2019
A New Orleans streetcar traveling down Canal Street
Streetcar network
Ferries connecting New Orleans with Algiers (left) and Gretna (right)

Much later in its musical development, New Orleans was home to a distinctive brand of rhythm and blues that contributed greatly to the growth of rock and roll.