A report on Rhythm and blues

Louis Jordan in New York City, c. undefined July 1946
The habanera rhythm shown as tresillo (lower notes) with the backbeat (upper note)
Fats Domino in 1956
Piano excerpt from the rumba boogie "Mardi Gras in New Orleans" (1949) by Professor Longhair. 2–3 claves are written above for rhythmic reference.
3–2 clave written in two measures in cut-time
Tresillo answered by the backbeat, the essence of clave in African American music
Bo Diddley's "Bo Diddley beat" is a clave-based motif.
Ray Charles in 1971
Ruth Brown was known as the "Queen of R&B"
Della Reese
Sam Cooke
Eric Burdon & the Animals (1964)

Genre of popular music that originated in African-American communities in the 1940s.

- Rhythm and blues
Louis Jordan in New York City, c. undefined July 1946

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Brown in 1955

Ruth Brown

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American singer-songwriter and actress, sometimes known as the "Queen of R&B".

American singer-songwriter and actress, sometimes known as the "Queen of R&B".

Brown in 1955
Ruth Brown performs at the Mambo Club in Wichita, Kansas, 1957
Ruth Brown in 1996

She was noted for bringing a pop music style to R&B music in a series of hit songs for Atlantic Records in the 1950s, such as "So Long", "Teardrops from My Eyes" and "(Mama) He Treats Your Daughter Mean".

The Who in 1975, left to right: Roger Daltrey (vocals), John Entwistle (bass), Keith Moon (drums) and Pete Townshend (guitar).

The Who

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English rock band formed in London in 1964.

English rock band formed in London in 1964.

The Who in 1975, left to right: Roger Daltrey (vocals), John Entwistle (bass), Keith Moon (drums) and Pete Townshend (guitar).
Pete Townshend attended Ealing Art College (pictured in 2010), and his experience there contributed to the Who's career.
The Who's aesthetic grew out of mod subculture with its high fashion, scooters for transport, and shaggy hairstyles.
Promotional shot of the Who, 1965
Roger Daltrey (left) and Keith Moon, 1967
John Entwistle backstage in 1967
By the time the Who were touring Tommy, Daltrey's stage image had changed to include long hair and open shirts.
A blue plaque at Leeds University, where Live at Leeds was recorded
The Who at the Coliseum, Charlotte, North Carolina, 20 November 1971
The Who at the Ernst-Mercke-Halle, Hamburg, 12 August 1972
Promotional photograph celebrating the band's tenth anniversary, December 1974
Keith Moon in 1975
Daltrey and Townshend, 21 October 1976, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, Ontario their last public gig with Moon
The Who in Toronto, 1980
John Entwistle performing with the Who at the Manchester Apollo, 1981
Zak Starkey has been the Who's main drummer since 1996, and turned down an invitation to be a full-time member.
The Who on tour in 2007. L to R: Zak Starkey, Daltrey, Townshend, and John "Rabbit" Bundrick
The Who performing the 2010 Super Bowl halftime show
Daltrey and Townshend on the Who Hits 50! tour in 2016
The Who performing at Desert Trip in October 2016
A selection of instruments used by the Who, including a Rickenbacker and Gibson SG Special guitar, and Moon's "Pictures of Lily" drum kit from Premier
The Who's mod roundel

He decided that the group would be ideal to represent the growing mod movement in Britain which involved fashion, scooters and music genres such as rhythm and blues, soul and Modern Jazz.

Thornton in the mid-late 1950s

Big Mama Thornton

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Thornton in the mid-late 1950s

Willie Mae Thornton (December 11, 1926 – July 25, 1984), better known as Big Mama Thornton, was an American R&B singer and songwriter.

The Hawketts

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The Hawketts were an American R&B combo from New Orleans, Louisiana who are best known for their 1954 recording of "Mardi Gras Mambo", a song that has become an iconic classic of the New Orleans Carnival celebration.

I Got a Woman

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"I Got a Woman" (originally titled "I've Got a Woman") is a song co-written and recorded by American R&B and soul musician Ray Charles.

Old fish fry sign, New Orleans

Saturday Night Fish Fry

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Jump blues song written by Louis Jordan and Ellis Lawrence Walsh, best known through the version recorded by Louis Jordan and His Tympany Five.

Jump blues song written by Louis Jordan and Ellis Lawrence Walsh, best known through the version recorded by Louis Jordan and His Tympany Five.

Old fish fry sign, New Orleans

The single was a big hit, topping the R&B chart for twelve non-consecutive weeks in late 1949.

Price in 1959

Lloyd Price

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Price in 1959
Price in 1996
Price with the Ed Palermo Big Band, 2018

Lloyd Price (March 9, 1933May 3, 2021) was an American R&B and swing singer-songwriter, record executive and bandleader, known as "Mr. Personality", after his 1959 million-selling hit, "Personality".

Front page of Scientific American in 1907, demonstrating the size, operation, and popularity of the Telharmonium

Electronic music

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Genre of music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments, or circuitry-based music technology in its creation.

Genre of music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments, or circuitry-based music technology in its creation.

Front page of Scientific American in 1907, demonstrating the size, operation, and popularity of the Telharmonium
Leon Theremin demonstrating the theremin in 1927
Karlheinz Stockhausen in the Electronic Music Studio of WDR, Cologne, in 1991
CSIRAC, Australia's first digital computer, displayed at the Melbourne Museum
RCA Mark II Sound Synthesizer
Israeli composer Josef Tal at the Electronic Music Studio in Jerusalem (c. 1965) with Hugh Le Caine's Creative Tape Recorder (a sound synthesizer) aka "Multi-track"
Early electronic organ: Yamaha Electone D-1 (1959)
Early drum machine: Korg Donca Matic DA-20 (1963)
Direct-drive turntable: Technics SL-1200 (introduced in 1972)
Keith Emerson performing in St. Petersburg in 2008
New Order performing in Chile in 2019
IRCAM at the Place Igor Stravinsky, Paris
Sogitec 4X (c. 1983) at IRCAM machine room in 1989
Mini-Moog synthesizer
Yamaha DX7, a model for many digital synthesizers of the 1980s
Fairlight CMI (1979–)
Weekend Festival, an electronic music event in Pärnu, Estonia, in 2016

Page's version peaked on the R&B chart at #30 in 1978.

Basie at the piano, 1955, in a photographic portrait by James J. Kriegsmann

Count Basie

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African-American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer.

African-American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer.

Basie at the piano, 1955, in a photographic portrait by James J. Kriegsmann
Basie and band, with vocalist Ethel Waters, from the film Stage Door Canteen (1943)
Basie in Rhythm and Blues Revue (1955)
Count Basie (left) in concert (Cologne 1975)
Count Basie Theatre in Red Bank, New Jersey

The jukebox era had begun, and Basie shared the exposure along with early rock'n'roll and rhythm and blues artists.

The Oxford Dictionary of Music states that the term "pop" refers to music performed by such artists as the Rolling Stones (pictured here in a 2006 performance).

Pop music

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Genre of popular music that originated in its modern form during the mid-1950s in the United States and the United Kingdom.

Genre of popular music that originated in its modern form during the mid-1950s in the United States and the United Kingdom.

The Oxford Dictionary of Music states that the term "pop" refers to music performed by such artists as the Rolling Stones (pictured here in a 2006 performance).
Bing Crosby was one of the first artists to be nicknamed "King of Pop" or "King of Popular Music".
The 1960s British Invasion marked a period when the US charts were inundated with British acts such as the Beatles (pictured 1964).

This change was epitomized in the album FutureSex/LoveSounds, which under the influence of producer Timbaland, mixed the sounds of R&B, dance music, and hip hop.