Rib

costalcostaerib cagebroken ribCostal tuberclecostalsdorsal ribshead of the ribrib(s)ribs
In vertebrate anatomy, ribs (costae) are the long curved bones which form the rib cage, part of the axial skeleton.wikipedia
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Sternum

manubriumbreastbonesternal
At the front of the body most of the ribs are joined by costal cartilages to the sternum.
It connects to the ribs via cartilage and forms the front of the rib cage, thus helping to protect the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels from injury.

Costal cartilage

costal cartilagesrib cartilageanterior costal cartilage grafts
At the front of the body most of the ribs are joined by costal cartilages to the sternum.
The costal cartilages are bars of hyaline cartilage that serve to prolong the ribs forward and contribute to the elasticity of the walls of the thorax.

Lung

lungspulmonaryright lung
They serve to protect the lungs, heart, and other internal organs of the thorax.
The left lung is divided into two lobes, an upper and a lower lobe, by the oblique fissure, which extends from the costal to the mediastinal surface of the lung both above and below the hilum.

Costovertebral joints

costovertebral jointCostovertebral articulationscostovertebral
The ribs connect to the vertebrae with two joints, the costovertebral joints.
The articulation of the head of the rib connects the head of the rib to the bodies of the thoracic vertebrae.

Superior costal facet

superior
These articulate with the superior and inferior costal facets on the connecting vertebrae.
The superior costal facet (or superior costal fovea) is a site where a rib forms a joint with the top of a vertebra.

Inferior costal facet

These articulate with the superior and inferior costal facets on the connecting vertebrae.
The inferior costal facet (or inferior costal fovea) is a site where a rib forms a joint with the inferior aspect of the body of a thoracic vertebra.

Rib cage

ribsribcagefirst rib
In vertebrate anatomy, ribs (costae) are the long curved bones which form the rib cage, part of the axial skeleton.
The rib cage is the arrangement of ribs attached to the vertebral column and sternum in the thorax of most vertebrates, that encloses and protects the heart and lungs.

Clavicle

collarbonecollar boneclavicles
The vertebral attachment can be found just below the neck at the first thoracic vertebra, and the majority of this bone can be found above the level of the clavicle.
Located directly above the first rib, it acts as a strut to keep the scapula in place so that the arm can hang freely.

Articulation of head of rib

articulation of the head of the ribarticulatesfacets
This plane joint is known as the articulation of the head of the rib.
The articulations of the heads of the ribs (or costocentral articulations) constitute a series of gliding or arthrodial joints, and are formed by the articulation of the heads of the typical ribs with the costal facets on the contiguous margins of the bodies of the thoracic vertebrae and with the intervertebral discs between them; the first, eleventh and twelfth ribs each articulate with a single vertebra.

Tetrapod

tetrapodsTetrapodaland vertebrates
In most tetrapods, ribs surround the chest, enabling the lungs to expand and thus facilitate breathing by expanding the chest cavity.
It extended far dorsally and was joined to the backbone by one or more specialized sacral ribs.

Costotransverse ligament

Its upper border presents a rough crest (crista colli costae) for the attachment of the anterior costotransverse ligament; its lower border is rounded.
A Costotransverse ligament is a short fibrous band that connects a rib with the transverse process of vertebra.

Thorax

chestthoracicthoraces
In most tetrapods, ribs surround the chest, enabling the lungs to expand and thus facilitate breathing by expanding the chest cavity.
In mammals, the thorax is the region of the body formed by the sternum, the thoracic vertebrae, and the ribs.

Transverse costal facet

transverse
The articular facet, is small and oval and is the lower and more medial of the two, and connects to the transverse costal facet on the thoracic vertebra of the same rib number.
The transverse costal facet (or transverse costal fovea) is one of the costal facets, a site where a rib forms a joint with the transverse process of a thoracic vertebra.

Costotransverse joint

costotransverse
The other costovertebral joint is that between the tubercle on the neck and the transverse process of the joining thoracic vertebra of the same rib number, and this is known as the costotransverse joint.
This costotransverse joint is present in all but the eleventh and twelfth ribs.

Intra-articular ligament of head of rib

interarticular ligamentintra-articular ligamentintra-articulate ligament
The crest gives attachment to the intra-articulate ligament that joins the rib to the vertebra of the same number, at the intervertebral disc.
It consists of a short ligament, a band of fibers, flattened from top to bottom, attached at one end to the crest separating the two costal facets on the head of the rib, and at the other end to the intervertebral disc between the two vertebrae; it divides the joint into two cavities.

Superior costotransverse ligament

The superior costotransverse ligament attaches from the non-articular facet of the tubercle to the transverse process of the vertebra.
A Superior costotransverse ligament is a strong fibrous band that arises from the neck of a rib to the transverse process of the vertebra above.

Turtle

turtlesTestudinesTestudines indet.
For example, turtles have only eight pairs of ribs, which are developed into a bony or cartilaginous carapace and plastron, while snakes have numerous ribs running along the full length of their trunk.
Turtles are reptiles of the order Testudines characterized by a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs and acting as a shield.

Meat chop

chopschoplamb chop
The ribs are the less meaty part of the meat chop and they are often cooked as part of a slab; five or more is known as a rack, as in a rack of lamb.
A meat chop is a cut of meat cut perpendicular to the spine, and usually containing a rib or riblet part of a vertebra and served as an individual portion.

Rib fracture

broken ribbroken ribsfractured rib
A rib fracture is a break in a rib bone.

Frog

frogsAnuraanuran
Frogs typically have no ribs, aside from a sacral pair, which form part of the pelvis.
Its lungs are similar to those of humans, but the chest muscles are not involved in respiration, and no ribs or diaphragm exist to help move air in and out.

Rib removal

remove a ribresection of a ribrib resection
Rib removal is surgery to remove one or more ribs.

Spare ribs

Revbensspjällspareribsrib
Pork ribs, including spare ribs are popular in European and Asian cuisine.
The term comes from Low German ribbesper (referring to pickled pork ribs, cooked on a spit), the parts of which refer, in order, to rib and spit.

Vertebra

vertebraeneural spineneural arch
Unlike reptiles, caudal ribs are never found in mammals.
The twelve thoracic vertebrae and their transverse processes have surfaces that articulate with the ribs.

Hip bone

pelvic boneinnominate bonepelvic bones
The sacral ribs were stout and short, since they formed part of the pelvis, connecting the backbone to the hip bones.
*The latissimus dorsi muscle attaches to the iliac crest and several places on the spine and ribs.

Carapace

cephalic shieldcarapacesshell
For example, turtles have only eight pairs of ribs, which are developed into a bony or cartilaginous carapace and plastron, while snakes have numerous ribs running along the full length of their trunk.
The carapace is the dorsal (back) convex part of the shell structure of a turtle, consisting primarily of the animal's rib cage, dermal armor, and scutes.