Rice

A mixture of brown, white, and red indica rice, also containing wild rice, Zizania species
Oryza sativa with small wind-pollinated flowers
Cooked brown rice from Bhutan
Jumli Marshi, brown rice from Nepal
Rice can come in many shapes, colors and sizes.
Single grain of rice under handmade microscope
Oryza sativa, commonly known as Asian rice
Unmilled to milled Japanese rice, from left to right, brown rice, rice with germ, white rice
Tteumul, water from the washing of rice
-Rice processing- A: Rice with chaff B: Brown rice C: Rice with germ D: White rice with bran residue E: Musenmai (Japanese: 無洗米), "Polished and ready to boil rice", literally, non-wash rice (1): Chaff (2): Bran (3): Bran residue (4): Cereal germ (5): Endosperm
Worldwide rice production
Production of rice (2019)
Burning of rice residues after harvest, to quickly prepare the land for wheat planting, around Sangrur, Punjab, India.
Rice combine harvester Katori-city, Chiba Prefecture, Japan
After the harvest, rice straw is gathered in the traditional way from small paddy fields in Mae Wang District, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand
Drying rice in Peravoor, India
Work by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture to measure the greenhouse gas emissions of rice production.
Chinese rice grasshopper (Oxya chinensis) Borneo, Malaysia
Chloroxylon is used for pest management in organic rice cultivation in Chhattisgarh, India.
Rice seed collection from IRRI
Ancient statue of Dewi Sri from Java (c. 9th century)
Hainanese chicken rice in Singapore

Seed of the grass species Oryza sativa or less commonly Oryza glaberrima (African rice).

- Rice
A mixture of brown, white, and red indica rice, also containing wild rice, Zizania species

113 related topics

Alpha

Structure of the amylose molecule

Starch

Polymeric carbohydrate consisting of numerous glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.

Polymeric carbohydrate consisting of numerous glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.

Structure of the amylose molecule
Structure of the amylopectin molecule
Starch mill at Ballydugan (Northern Ireland), built in 1792
West Philadelphia Starch works at Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), 1850
Faultless Starch Company at Kansas City
potato starch granules in cells of the potato
starch in endosperm in embryonic phase of maize seed
Corn starch, 800x magnified, under polarized light, showing characteristic extinction cross
Rice starch seen on light microscope. Characteristic for the rice starch is that starch granules have an angular outline and some of them are attached to each other and form larger granules
Granules of wheat starch, stained with iodine, photographed through a light microscope
Sago starch extraction from palm stems
Glucose syrup
Karo corn syrup advert 1917
Niagara corn starch advert 1880s
Pacific Laundry and Cooking Starch advert 1904
Starch adhesive
Gentleman with starched ruff in 1560
Kingsford Oswego Starch advertising, 1885
Rice starch for ironing

Worldwide, it is the most common carbohydrate in human diets, and is contained in large amounts in staple foods such as wheat, potatoes, maize (corn), rice, and cassava (manioc).

Cooked white rice

White rice

Cooked white rice

White rice is milled rice that has had its husk, bran, and germ removed.

Short-grain glutinous rice from Japan

Glutinous rice

Glutinous rice (''Oryza sativa var.

Glutinous rice (''Oryza sativa var.

Short-grain glutinous rice from Japan
Long-grain glutinous rice from Thailand
Glutinous rice flour
Num ple aiy, dumplings made from glutinous rice, palm sugar and coconut
Steaming sticky rice in traditional baskets or houat
A Lao rice basket or thip khao
Lemper, glutinous rice filled with chicken wrapped in banana leaves
Dodol made from coconut sugar and ground glutinous rice
Bubur ketan hitam, black glutinous rice porridge with coconut milk and palm sugar
Lemang topped with fermented tapai made of black glutinous rice
Ketan served with durian sauce
Uli bakar or grilled glutinous rice cube
Cendil a Javanese cake made of glutinous rice flour, sugar, and grated coconut
Kue mochi derived from Chinese-Japanese mochi, made from glutinous rice flour
Kue lapis - Indonesian cake made mainly of glutinous rice
Kue lupis - Glutinous rice cake with grated coconut and liquid palm sugar
Tapai ketan (right) served with uli (glutinous rice cooked with grated coconut, and mashed; left)

glutinosa''; also called sticky rice, sweet rice or waxy rice) is a type of rice grown mainly in Southeast and East Asia, Northeastern India and Bhutan which has opaque grains, very low amylose content, and is especially sticky when cooked.

International Rice Research Institute

International agricultural research and training organization with its headquarters in Los Baños, Laguna in the Philippines, and offices in seventeen countries.

International agricultural research and training organization with its headquarters in Los Baños, Laguna in the Philippines, and offices in seventeen countries.

Entrance to the IRRI Headquarters at Los Baños, Laguna with Mt. Makiling in the background.

IRRI is known for its work in developing rice varieties that contributed to the Green Revolution in the 1960s which preempted the famine in Asia.

Aromatic Gobindobhog rice

Aromatic rice

One of the major types of rice.

One of the major types of rice.

Aromatic Gobindobhog rice

It is a medium- to long-grained rice.

Examples of sources of gluten (clockwise from top): wheat as flour, spelt, barley, and rye as rolled flakes

Gluten

Structural protein naturally found in certain cereal grains.

Structural protein naturally found in certain cereal grains.

Examples of sources of gluten (clockwise from top): wheat as flour, spelt, barley, and rye as rolled flakes
300x300px
Wheat, a prime source of gluten
Gluten is often used in imitation meats (such as this mock duck) to provide supplemental protein and in vegetarian diets
Medical animation still showing flattened intestinal villi.

The storage proteins in other grains, such as maize (zeins) and rice (rice protein), are sometimes called gluten, but they do not cause harmful effects in people with celiac disease.

Karnataka

State in the south western region of India.

State in the south western region of India.

Mallikarjuna temple and Kashi Vishwanatha temple at Pattadakal, built successively by the kings of the Chalukya Empire and Rashtrakuta Empire, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Chief Minister Dr. Devaraj Urs announcing the new name of the Mysore state as 'Karnataka'
Jog Falls, formed by Sharavathi River, are the second-highest plunge waterfalls in India.
Political map of Indian state of Karnataka with the official names of its 31 districts.
emblem of Karnataka
Infosys, a Bengaluru-headquartered information-technology company,
A yakshagana artist
Vishnu image inside the Badami Cave Temple Complex number 3. The complex is an example of Indian rock-cut architecture.
Gomateswara (982–983) at Shravanabelagola is an important centre of Jain pilgrimage.
Halmidi inscription (450 CE) is the earliest attested inscription in the Kannada language.
Indian Institute of Science is one of the premier institutes of India.
Literacy rates of Karnataka districts
Anil Kumble, former captain of the Indian Test team and spin legend, is the highest wicket-taker for India in international cricket.
M. Chinnaswamy Stadium in Bangalore.
The state bird, Indian roller
Bengal tigers at Bannerghatta National Park near Bangalore
Chennakesava Temple is a model example of the Hoysala architecture, later repaired in the 16th century with financial support and grants by the Vijayanagara Emperors.
Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur has the second largest pre-modern dome in the world after the Byzantine Hagia Sophia.
Mysore Palace in the evening, the official residence and seat of the Wodeyar dynasty, the rulers of Mysore of the Mysore Kingdom, the royal family of Mysore.

Rice and Ragi form the staple food in South Karnataka, whereas Jolada rotti, Sorghum is staple to North Karnataka.

An assortment of different caryopses

Caryopsis

Type of simple dry fruit—one that is monocarpellate (formed from a single carpel) and indehiscent (not opening at maturity) and resembles an achene, except that in a caryopsis the pericarp is fused with the thin seed coat.

Type of simple dry fruit—one that is monocarpellate (formed from a single carpel) and indehiscent (not opening at maturity) and resembles an achene, except that in a caryopsis the pericarp is fused with the thin seed coat.

An assortment of different caryopses
Wheat spikelet with the three anthers sticking out
Caryopsis cross-section

The caryopsis is popularly called a grain and is the fruit typical of the family Poaceae (or Gramineae), which includes wheat, rice, and corn.

Irrigation of agricultural fields in Andalusia, Spain. Irrigation canal on the left.

Irrigation

Agricultural process of applying controlled amounts of water to land to assist in the production of crops, as well as to grow landscape plants and lawns, where it may be known as watering.

Agricultural process of applying controlled amounts of water to land to assist in the production of crops, as well as to grow landscape plants and lawns, where it may be known as watering.

Irrigation of agricultural fields in Andalusia, Spain. Irrigation canal on the left.
Animal-powered irrigation, Upper Egypt, ca. 1846
Young engineers restoring and developing the old Mughal irrigation system in 1847 during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah II in Indian subcontinent
Inside a karez tunnel at Turpan, Xinjiang, China
Share of agricultural land which is irrigated (2015)
Basin flood irrigation of wheat
Residential flood irrigation in Phoenix, Arizona, US
Drip irrigation – a dripper in action
Drip irrigation layout and its parts
Crop sprinklers near Rio Vista, California, US
A traveling sprinkler at Millets Farm Centre, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
A small center pivot system from beginning to end
Rotator style pivot applicator sprinkler
Center pivot with drop sprinklers
Wheel line irrigation system in Idaho, US, 2001
Center pivot irrigation
An impact sprinkler watering a lawn, an example of a hose-end sprinkler
Irrigation is underway by pump-enabled extraction directly from the Gumti, seen in the background, in Comilla, Bangladesh.
Grapes in Petrolina, Brazil only made possible in this semi arid area by drip irrigation
Overirrigation because of poor distribution uniformity in the furrows. Potato plants were oppressed and turned yellow
upright|thumb|The hub of a center-pivot irrigation system
thumb|Leaks in micro-irrigation drip lines
thumb|Sprinkler irrigation of blueberries in Plainville, New York, United States
thumb|Irrigation in Tamil Nadu, India
thumb|upright|Irrigation ditch in Montour County, Pennsylvania, USA
thumb|Water gardens in Sigiriya, Sri Lanka
thumb|Micro-sprinkler

Countries frequently invested in irrigation to increase wheat, rice, or cotton production, often with the overarching goal of increasing self-sufficiency.

Jasmine rice

Steamed white jasmine rice with basil-fried minced pork
Thai yellow curry with jasmine rice
Nigerian goat meat stew with jasmine rice
Golden Thai vegetable curry with jasmine rice

Jasmine rice (ข้าวหอมมะลิ; ; ) is a long-grain variety of fragrant rice (also known as aromatic rice).