Rice

A mixture of brown, white, and red indica rice, also containing wild rice, Zizania species
Oryza sativa with small wind-pollinated flowers
Cooked brown rice from Bhutan
Jumli Marshi, brown rice from Nepal
Rice can come in many shapes, colors and sizes.
Single grain of rice under handmade microscope
Oryza sativa, commonly known as Asian rice
Unmilled to milled Japanese rice, from left to right, brown rice, rice with germ, white rice
Tteumul, water from the washing of rice
-Rice processing- A: Rice with chaff B: Brown rice C: Rice with germ D: White rice with bran residue E: Musenmai (Japanese: 無洗米), "Polished and ready to boil rice", literally, non-wash rice (1): Chaff (2): Bran (3): Bran residue (4): Cereal germ (5): Endosperm
Worldwide rice production
Production of rice (2019)
Burning of rice residues after harvest, to quickly prepare the land for wheat planting, around Sangrur, Punjab, India.
Rice combine harvester Katori-city, Chiba Prefecture, Japan
After the harvest, rice straw is gathered in the traditional way from small paddy fields in Mae Wang District, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand
Drying rice in Peravoor, India
Work by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture to measure the greenhouse gas emissions of rice production.
Chinese rice grasshopper (Oxya chinensis) Borneo, Malaysia
Chloroxylon is used for pest management in organic rice cultivation in Chhattisgarh, India.
Rice seed collection from IRRI
Ancient statue of Dewi Sri from Java (c. 9th century)
Hainanese chicken rice in Singapore

Seed of the grass species Oryza sativa or less commonly Oryza glaberrima (African rice).

- Rice
A mixture of brown, white, and red indica rice, also containing wild rice, Zizania species

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A malnourished child in an MSF treatment tent in Dolo Ado.

Malnutrition

Individual gets too few or too many nutrients, resulting in health problems.

Individual gets too few or too many nutrients, resulting in health problems.

A malnourished child in an MSF treatment tent in Dolo Ado.
Child in the United States with signs of kwashiorkor, a dietary protein deficiency.
Child of a sharecropper with malnutrition and rickets, 1935
Union Army soldier on his release from Confederate prison, around 1865
A child with extreme malnutrition
Chart showing a trend between obesity and diabetes over the years.
Irrigation canals have opened dry desert areas of Egypt to agriculture.
A soup kitchen in Montreal, Quebec, Canada in 1931.
A malnourished Afghan child being treated by a medical team.
A Somali boy receiving treatment for malnourishment at a health facility.
Baby suffering from protein malnutrition due to insufficient amount of nutrients
Examples of commercially available oral rehydration salts (Nepal on left, Peru on right).
Deaths from nutritional deficiencies per million persons in 2012
Malnourished children in Niger, during the 2005 famine.
Migrant Mother by Dorothea Lange (1936).
Starved girl
Essential nutrients are one of the main requirements of elderly care.

Deriving too much of one's diet from a single source, such as eating almost exclusively potato, maize or rice, can cause malnutrition.

Cambodia

Country located in the southern portion of the Indochinese Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

Country located in the southern portion of the Indochinese Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

Glazed stoneware dating back to the 12th century
Khmer army going to war against the Cham, from a relief on the Bayon
A map of Indochina in 1760
Norodom Sihanouk and Mao Zedong in 1956
Rooms of the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum contain thousands of photos taken by the Khmer Rouge of their victims.
Choeung Ek, a known site of mass grave for genocide victims during the Khmer Rouge era
Antigovernment protests in support of opposition party CNRP took place in Cambodia following the 2013 general election.
Geographic map of Cambodia
Regional map of Cambodia
Köppen climate classification map of Cambodia
Macaques at Phnom Pros, Kampong Cham Province
Waterfall at Phnom Kulen
Prey Lang Forest
Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia
Cambodian foreign minister Prak Sokhonn meets with U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken in Washington, D.C., 13 May 2022.
Prime minister Hun Sen with Russian president Vladimir Putin in Moscow, 19 May 2016.
Royal Cambodian Army officers marching
Left to right: Senate President Say Chhum, National Assembly President Heng Samrin and Prime Minister Hun Sen, on Independence Day, 9 November 2019.
Cambodia's deputy opposition leader Kem Sokha (left) has been arrested in September 2017 while opposition leader Sam Rainsy (right) has lived in exile since November 2015
Real GPD per capita development of Cambodia
A proportional representation of Cambodia exports, 2019
The Cambodian position on the Human Development Index, 1970–2010
Food stands in Siem Reap.
Paddy field in Siem Reap Province
Farmers harvesting rice in Battambang Province
Cambodian Exports Treemap in 2017.
Every year, nearly 2.6 million tourists visit Angkor Wat in Siem Reap, Cambodia.
National Highway 4
Phnom Penh airport shuttle train
An ethnic map of Cambodia
Cambodian couple wearing traditional wedding outfit (Sompot, Sbai, Chong Kben).
Pchum Ben, also known as "Ancestors Day", is an important religious festival celebrated by Khmer Buddhists.
Cambodian medical students watching a surgery operation
The Institute of Foreign Languages of the Royal University of Phnom Penh
The 19th-century illustration tale of Vorvong & Sorvong
Boat racing during Bon Om Touk
Sinn Sisamouth, a famous Cambodian singer

Rice, fish, timber, garments, and rubber are Cambodia's major exports.

Couscous is prevalent in the Magreb (west), while rice is prevalent in the Mashreq (east)

Arab cuisine

Cuisine of the Arabs, defined as the various regional cuisines spanning the Arab world, from the Maghreb to the Fertile Crescent and the Arabian Peninsula.

Cuisine of the Arabs, defined as the various regional cuisines spanning the Arab world, from the Maghreb to the Fertile Crescent and the Arabian Peninsula.

Couscous is prevalent in the Magreb (west), while rice is prevalent in the Mashreq (east)
An Arab appetizer
Arab salads: Arab salad, fattoush, matbucha, tabbouleh and raheb
A selection of Jordanian mezze—appetizers or small dishes—in Petra, Jordan
Maraqa laga sameeyo khudaarta (Somali: "vegetable soup")
Freekeh with roasted vegetables
Kanafeh Nabulsieh from Nablus
Coffeehouse in Cairo, 18th century
The different types of Arabic coffee with Hejazi/Najdi golden coffee seen on the left and the Levantine black qahwah sādah (plain coffee) on the right
Dried fruits
Dallahs for serving Arabic coffee
M'semen, usually served with honey, mint tea or coffee, can also be stuffed with meat
Tajine is a Maghrebi dish which is named after the earthenware pot in which it is cooked. It is also called maraq or marqa.
Hummus with chickpeas, sesame seeds, and oil
Traditional mansaf served on flatbread
Bastilla, Moroccan meat pie
Camel meat is popular in the Arabian Peninsula
Dates are a staple in Arabian cuisine.
Kabsa
Kabsa is also known as machbūs
Bowl of saltah
Luqmat al-qadi
Typical popular traditional Arab meal
Tabbouleh
Maqluba, a rice and eggplant or cauliflower casserole, often with lamb
Sfiha comes from Baalbek, flatbread with a minced meat topping, often lamb
Musakhan, a Palestinian dish—chicken with onions, spices and pine nuts on taboon bread
Mujaddara
Mansaf, traditional lamb dish in yogurt sauce, served with rice or bulgur
A variant of mansaf in Amman, Jordan
Kushari, an Egyptian dish.
Falafel, deep-fried balls of ground chickpeas or fava beans, is a common dish in Egypt and the Levant.
Shahan ful presented alongside olive oil, berbere, various vegetables, and a roll of bread
Couscous, a characteristic dish of the Maghreb, is made of steamed balls of crushed durum wheat semolina about 3 mm across traditionally served with stew spooned on top.
Rechta is a Maghrebi dish of fine noodles, consumed particularly in Algeria and Libya and to a lesser extent in Tunisia and Morocco.
Kebbeh {{Lang|ar|كبة-كبيبة}}
Baba Ghanoush {{Lang|ar|بابا غانوج}}
Hummus {{Lang|ar|حمص}}
Labneh {{Lang|ar|لبنة}}
Ka'ak {{Lang|ar|كعك - كحك}}
Coffee {{Lang|ar|قهوة}}
Halva {{Lang|ar|حلاوة}}
Shish taouk {{Lang|ar|شيش طاوك}}
Toum {{Lang|ar|تومية}}
Awameh {{Lang|ar|عوامة}}/{{Transl|ar|Zalabieh}} {{Lang|ar|زلابية}}
Sfouf
Limonana {{Lang|ar|ليمون نعناع}}
Harees {{Lang|ar|هريس}}

Grains—rice is the staple and is used for most dishes; wheat is the main source for bread. Bulgur and semolina are also used extensively.

Oryza sativa

Water buffalo being used to plough rice fields in Java
Jumli Marshi, brown rice from Nepal
Traditional rice of Niyamgiri Hills, India
Rice from Chhattisgarh
O. sativa
Rice stem cross section magnified 400 times

Oryza sativa, commonly known as Asian rice, is the plant species most commonly referred to in English as rice.

Diagram briefly covering pollination

Anemophily

Form of pollination whereby pollen is distributed by wind.

Form of pollination whereby pollen is distributed by wind.

Diagram briefly covering pollination

Approximately 12% of plants across the globe are benefited by anemophily, including cereal crops like rice and corn and other prominent crop plants like wheat, rye, barley, and oats.

A Sundanese couple wearing neo-traditional wedding attire

Sundanese people

Indigenous ethnic group native to the western region of Java island in Indonesia.

Indigenous ethnic group native to the western region of Java island in Indonesia.

A Sundanese couple wearing neo-traditional wedding attire
Jaipongan Mojang Priangan, a Sundanese traditional dance performance.
Batutulis inscription in Bogor, describes the deeds of Sunda King, Sri Baduga Maharaja, popularly known as Prabu Siliwangi.
Sundanese boys playing Angklung in Garut, c. 1910–1930.
Map showing the location of the Sundanese in Java.
Sundanese scripts.
Cangkuang temple, the 8th century Hindu temple near Garut testify the Sundanese Hindu past.
Akad nikah, Sundanese Islamic wedding vows in front of penghulu and witnesses.
A Hindu shrine dedicated to King Siliwangi in the Hindu temple Pura Parahyangan Agung Jagatkarta, Bogor, West Java.
Elderly Sundanese woman near a rice paddy, at Garut, West Java.
Wayang Golek, traditional Sundanese puppetry.
SambaSunda music performance, featuring traditional Sundanese music instruments such as kecapi, suling, and kendang.
Traditional Sundanese house with Capit Gunting shape in Papandak, Garut.
A typical modest Sundanese meal consists of steamed rice, fried salted fish, sayur asem (vegetable with tamarind based soup), lalab sambal (raw vegetables salad with chili paste) and karedok (vegetable salad with peanuts paste).
A Sundanese Leuit (rice barn), initially Sundanese are rice farmers.
A depiction of King Siliwangi or Sri Baduga Maharaja, in Keraton Kasepuhan Cirebon.

The rice agriculture had shaped the culture, beliefs and ritual system of traditional Sundanese people, among other the reverence to Nyai Pohaci Sanghyang Asri as the goddess of rice and fertility.

Black rice

Black rice

Black rice
Balatinaw (or Balatinao), an heirloom black rice from Mountain Province, Philippines
Black rice as sold in China

Black rice, also known as purple rice, is a range of rice types of the species Oryza sativa, some of which are glutinous rice.

The depiction of Dewi Sri in Central Javan art

Dewi Sri

The depiction of Dewi Sri in Central Javan art
Ancient statue of Dewi Sri
Balinese Dewi Sri
Javanese traditional kirab procession bringing Dewi Sri image made from rice.
A small shrine for Dewi Sri in the rice field, Karangtengah.
Ngider Bumi Ceremony in Banyuwangi. Dewi Sri as a symbol of Dewi Padi (Goddess of Fertility) riding on a stretcher pulled by 2 people decorated with buffalo (kebo), this is a symbol of the gratitude of the local community for God's Blessings.
Statue of Dewi Sri
Stone figure of the rice goddess Dewi Sri with Vitarka Mudra
Dewi Sri in wayang puppet theatre
Cili, a Balinese Dewi Sri effigy from lontar palm leaf
Dewi Sri depicted in 1952 10 Rupiah banknotes

Dewi Sri or Shridevi (Javanese: ꦢꦺꦮꦶꦱꦿꦶ), Dewi Sri) (Sundanese: ᮑᮄ ᮕᮧᮠᮎᮤ ᮞᮀᮠᮡᮀ ᮃᮞᮢᮤ, Nyai Pohaci Sanghyang Asri) is the Javanese, Sundanese, and Balinese Hindu Goddess of rice and fertility, still widely worshiped on the islands of Java, Bali and Lombok, Indonesia.

Unprocessed seeds of spelt, a historically important staple food

Staple food

Food that is eaten often and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet for a given person or group of people, supplying a large fraction of energy needs and generally forming a significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients as well.

Food that is eaten often and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet for a given person or group of people, supplying a large fraction of energy needs and generally forming a significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients as well.

Unprocessed seeds of spelt, a historically important staple food
White rice, boiled
Bread made from wheat flour
Pasta
Couscous
Maize (corn)
Edamame (green soybeans)
Kidney beans
Sorghum seeds and popped sorghum
Millet grains
Amaranth (left) and common wheat berries
Colored quinoa
Cassava roots
Chinese yams
Sweet potato salad
Ulluco tubers
Oca tubers
Taro roots
Potatoes
Plantain and banana

Staple foods are derived either from vegetables or animal products, and common staples include cereals (such as rice, wheat, maize, millet, and sorghum), starchy tubers or root vegetables (such as potatoes, cassava, sweet potatoes, yams, or taro), meat, fish, eggs, milk, and cheese, and dried legumes such as lentils and other beans.

Peas are an annual plant.

Annual plant

Plant that completes its life cycle, from germination to the production of seeds, within one growing season, and then dies.

Plant that completes its life cycle, from germination to the production of seeds, within one growing season, and then dies.

Peas are an annual plant.

Examples of true annuals include corn, wheat, rice, lettuce, peas, watermelon, beans, zinnia and marigold.