Rice

A mixture of brown, white, and red indica rice, also containing wild rice, Zizania species
Oryza sativa with small wind-pollinated flowers
Cooked brown rice from Bhutan
Jumli Marshi, brown rice from Nepal
Rice can come in many shapes, colors and sizes.
Single grain of rice under handmade microscope
Oryza sativa, commonly known as Asian rice
Unmilled to milled Japanese rice, from left to right, brown rice, rice with germ, white rice
Tteumul, water from the washing of rice
-Rice processing- A: Rice with chaff B: Brown rice C: Rice with germ D: White rice with bran residue E: Musenmai (Japanese: 無洗米), "Polished and ready to boil rice", literally, non-wash rice (1): Chaff (2): Bran (3): Bran residue (4): Cereal germ (5): Endosperm
Worldwide rice production
Production of rice (2019)
Burning of rice residues after harvest, to quickly prepare the land for wheat planting, around Sangrur, Punjab, India.
Rice combine harvester Katori-city, Chiba Prefecture, Japan
After the harvest, rice straw is gathered in the traditional way from small paddy fields in Mae Wang District, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand
Drying rice in Peravoor, India
Work by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture to measure the greenhouse gas emissions of rice production.
Chinese rice grasshopper (Oxya chinensis) Borneo, Malaysia
Chloroxylon is used for pest management in organic rice cultivation in Chhattisgarh, India.
Rice seed collection from IRRI
Ancient statue of Dewi Sri from Java (c. 9th century)
Hainanese chicken rice in Singapore

Seed of the grass species Oryza sativa or less commonly Oryza glaberrima (African rice).

- Rice
A mixture of brown, white, and red indica rice, also containing wild rice, Zizania species

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Arkansas

Landlocked state in the South Central United States.

Landlocked state in the South Central United States.

Platform mounds were constructed frequently during the Woodland and Mississippian periods.
Map of the Arkansas Territory.
Lakeport Plantation, built c. 1859.
Cannons at Battle of Pea Ridge site.
A group of African American boys in Little Rock in 1938.
Map of the flood of 1927 in Arkansas.
View from the Ozark Highlands Scenic Byway in Boxley Valley.
The Ozarks rise behind a bend in the Buffalo River from an overlook on the Buffalo River Trail.
The flat terrain and rich soils of the Arkansas Delta near Arkansas City are in stark contrast to the northwestern part of the state.
Cedar Falls in Petit Jean State Park.
The Buffalo National River is one of many attractions that give the state its nickname, The Natural State.
The White River in eastern Arkansas.
Winter at Historic Washington State Park in Hempstead County.
Cleveland County Courthouse in Rison.
The Simmons Tower in Little Rock is the state's tallest building.
The Greenville Bridge crosses over the Mississippi River into Shives.
The Missouri and Northern Arkansas Railroad.
Confederate Women of Arkansas Monument. The Capitol is in the background.
The Clinton Presidential Center in Little Rock.
UAMS Medical Center, Little Rock
Old Main, part of the Campus Historic District at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville
Van Buren Confederate Monument at the Crawford County Courthouse in Van Buren, Arkansas.
The flooded, forested bottomlands of east Arkansas attract wintering waterfowl.
Blanchard Springs Caverns in Stone County.

In the 21st century, Arkansas's economy is based on service industries, aircraft, poultry, steel, and tourism, along with important commodity crops of cotton, soybeans and rice.

Andhra Pradesh

State in the south-eastern coastal region of India.

State in the south-eastern coastal region of India.

Telugu Thalli
Rajmahal of Chandragiri Fort
Gandikota fort view
Archaeological Museums map of Andhra Pradesh
Mangrove forest near Kakinada
Map of Andhra Pradesh
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District court, Guntur
West Godavari district Collectorate complex, Eluru
Telugu Talli Statue near Kondareddy Buruju, Kurnool
Visakhapatnam is an important commercial hub of the state
Visakhapatnam skyline, overlooking seaport
Aerial View of Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL)
Isuzu Motors India manufacturing plant aerial view
Tech Mahindra Development Centre, Visakhapatnam
IBM-Software-IconicCampus-Visakhapatnam
CELKON Manufacturing plant at Tirupati
Mangampet Barytes
Rayalaseema Thermal Power Station
Srisailam Hydel power project
Kondapalli Toys at a house in Vijayawada
Kuchipudi dance
Vegetarian Andhra meal, served on important occasions
Undavalli Caves, is a monolithic example of Indian rock-cut architecture and one of the finest testimonials to ancient viswakarma sthapathis.
Gandikota Canyon
Vijayawada-Guntur Expressway section of NH 16
NH 140 near Tirupati
Vijayawada railway station
Map of airports and airstrips of Andhra Pradesh
Map of seaports in Andhra Pradesh
Visakhapatnam seaport
A ship at the Visakhapatnam port
Map of universities in Andhra Pradesh
Agriculture University, Guntur
ICI Tirupati
SVU Admin Building
S V Agricultural College Tirupati
SPA Vijayawada
Satish Dhawan Space Centre [SDSC], Sriharikota, Nellore
Dr. Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy ACA–VDCA Cricket Stadium in Visakhapatnam
Andhra Pradesh topographical map
Krishna River at Srisailam
Srikalahasti Temple
Venkateswara Temple, Tirumala
Rock-cut Buddha statue at Bojjannakonda near Anakapalle, Visakhapatnam.
Lush green farms in Konaseema, East Godavari
Map of Sugar industries in Andhra Pradesh

Rice is the major food crop and staple food of the state.

Missouri

State in the Midwestern region of the United States.

State in the Midwestern region of the United States.

The Gateway Arch in St. Louis
Fur Traders Descending the Missouri by Missouri painter George Caleb Bingham
The states and territories of the United States as a result of Missouri's admission as a state on August 10, 1821. The remainder of the former Missouri Territory became unorganized territory.
Price's Raid in the Trans-Mississippi Theater, 1864
Union Station in St. Louis was the world's largest and busiest train station when it opened in 1894.
Child shoe workers in Kirksville, Missouri, 1910
General John J. Pershing, commander of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I, was raised in Laclede, Missouri.
African American boy in a sharecropper shack, New Madrid County, 1938.
A physiographic map of Missouri
The Bell Mountain Wilderness of southern Missouri's Mark Twain National Forest
Köppen climate types of Missouri
The Lake of the Ozarks is one of several man-made lakes in Missouri, created by the damming of several rivers and tributaries. The lake has a surface area of 54,000 acres and 1,150 miles of shoreline and has become a popular tourist destination.
Missouri River near Rocheport, Missouri
Missouri population density map
The population center for the United States has been in Missouri since 1980. As of 2020, it is near Interstate 44 in Missouri as it approaches Springfield.
Missouri State quarter featuring the Lewis and Clark expedition
Meramec Caverns
The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City services the western portion of Missouri, as well as all of Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado, and northern New Mexico.
Amtrak station in Kirkwood
Kansas City Streetcar near Union Station
The Mississippi River at Hannibal
The Missouri State Capitol in Jefferson City
The Governor's Mansion is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election
Jesse Hall on the University of Missouri campus
Brookings Hall at Washington University in St. Louis
The historic Gem Theatre, located in Kansas City's renowned 18th and Vine Jazz District
Mark Twain's boyhood home in Hannibal
Missouri has four major sports teams: the Royals and Cardinals of MLB, the Chiefs of the NFL, and the Blues of the NHL.
A mural honoring the Kansas City Chiefs on the wall of the Westport Alehouse in Kansas City, MO.
The St. Louis Cardinals playing at Busch Stadium

The agriculture products of the state are beef, soybeans, pork, dairy products, hay, corn, poultry, sorghum, cotton, rice, and eggs.

Maharashtra

Maharashtra (, abbr.

Maharashtra (, abbr.

Late Harappa figure from Daimabad hoard, Indus Valley Civilization
2nd century BCE Karla Caves are a group of Buddhist caves near Lonavala
Bibi Ka Maqbara, a replica of the Taj Mahal, was built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb
Statue of Shivaji opposite Gateway of India in South Mumbai
The Bombay-Poona Mail Train of the GIPR company in 1907
Dried up the Godavari at Puntamba, Ahmadnagar district after a poor Monsoon
A Bengal tiger in Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve
Divisions of Maharashtra, along with their respective districts (With Palghar district formed in 2014 from the northern part of Thane district)
Siddhivinayak Temple, Mumbai. Hinduism is the dominant religion in Maharashtra
Mantralaya or administrative headquarters of Maharashtra state government in South Mumbai
The Bombay High Court, one of the oldest high courts in India
Mumbai is a major contributor to the economy of Maharashtra
Freshly grown sugarcane, agriculture is the second leading occupation in Maharashtra
Mumbai–Nashik Expressway
Students at a state-run primary school in Raigad district.
Founded in 1887, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI) is one of the oldest engineering colleges in Asia
Situated in Pune, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune was established in 1948 after the Indian independence.
Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth (Agricultural University) at Akola
A Primary Healthcare center in the village of Amboli in Pune district
Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station, the state's power production source
Maharashtrian Veg Thali
Misal Paav, a popular dish from Maharashtra
A Girl and a Woman dressed in traditional Maharashtrian Nauvari lugada (nine-yard sari)
Lavani performance
Playwright Vijay Tendulkar
P L Deshpande (in center), one of the most popular authors in Marathi language
Times of India building in Mumbai
Children playing cricket in a farm outside the village of Chinawal in Jalgaon.
Night-time skyline of Downtown Mumbai at Nariman Point
Ganeshotsav festival in Pune
Khandoba mandir of Lord Khandoba in Jejuri
Venna Lake at Mahabaleshwar
Indian Tigers at Tadoba Tiger reserve
Pandharpur, a Hindu pilgrimage centre in the state

Staples such as rice and millet are the main monsoon crops.

Sake can be served in a wide variety of cups. Pictured is a sakazuki (a flat, saucer-like cup), an ochoko (a small, cylindrical cup), and a masu (a wooden, box-like cup)

Sake

Sake can be served in a wide variety of cups. Pictured is a sakazuki (a flat, saucer-like cup), an ochoko (a small, cylindrical cup), and a masu (a wooden, box-like cup)
Sake bottle, Japan, c. 1740
Sake barrel offerings at the Shinto shrine Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gū in Kamakura
A pair of sake flasks painted in gold and black lacquer. Momoyama period, 16th century.
Title page of Bereiding van Sacki, by Isaac Titsingh: earliest explanation of the sake brewing process in a European language. Published in 1781, in Batavia, Dutch East Indies.
Sake brewery, Takayama, with a sugitama (杉玉) globe of cedar leaves indicating sake.
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Nigori, or unfiltered sake
A glass of sake served at a Japanese restaurant in Lyon, France.
Overflowing glass inside a masu
"Sake Ewer from a Portable Picnic Set", Japan, c. 1830–1839.
Sugitama (杉玉), globes of cedar leaves, at a brewery
A {{Nihongo3|||Shochikubai Komodaru}} (straw mat cask) of sake before the kagami biraki
Decorative sake containers in a Nakatsugawa shop

Sake, also spelled saké ( also referred to as Japanese rice wine), is an alcoholic beverage of Japanese origin made by fermenting rice that has been polished to remove the bran.

Skeletal formula and ball-and-stick model of the cation in thiamine

Thiamine

Vitamin, an essential micronutrient, which cannot be made in the body.

Vitamin, an essential micronutrient, which cannot be made in the body.

Skeletal formula and ball-and-stick model of the cation in thiamine
A 3D representation of the TPP riboswitch with thiamine bound
Diamine used in the manufacture of thiamine
Takaki Kanehiro
Christiaan Eijkman
Gerrit Grijns
Umetaro Suzuki
Casimir Funk
Rudolph Peters

Some countries require or recommend fortification of grain foods such as wheat, rice or maize (corn) because processing lowers vitamin content.

Monocotyledon

Monocotyledons, commonly referred to as monocots, (Lilianae sensu Chase & Reveal) are grass and grass-like flowering plants (angiosperms), the seeds of which typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon.

Monocotyledons, commonly referred to as monocots, (Lilianae sensu Chase & Reveal) are grass and grass-like flowering plants (angiosperms), the seeds of which typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon.

Allium crenulatum (Asparagales), an onion, with typical monocot perianth and parallel leaf venation
Onion slice: the cross-sectional view shows the veins that run in parallel along the length of the bulb and stem
Comparison of a monocot (grass: Poales) sprouting (left) with a dicot (right)
Yucca brevifolia (Joshua Tree: Asparagales)
Roystonea regia palm (Arecales) stems showing anomalous secondary growth in monocots, with characteristic fibrous roots
Illustrations of cotyledons by John Ray 1682, after Malpighi

These include not only major grains (rice, wheat, maize, etc.), but also forage grasses, sugar cane, and the bamboos.

Zongzi both ready to eat (left) and still wrapped in a bamboo leaf (right)

Zongzi

Traditional Chinese rice dish made of glutinous rice stuffed with different fillings and wrapped in bamboo leaves (generally of the species Indocalamus tessellatus), or sometimes with reed or other large flat leaves.

Traditional Chinese rice dish made of glutinous rice stuffed with different fillings and wrapped in bamboo leaves (generally of the species Indocalamus tessellatus), or sometimes with reed or other large flat leaves.

Zongzi both ready to eat (left) and still wrapped in a bamboo leaf (right)
Prepackaged dried bamboo leaves for making zongzi
When offered for sale at the same time, zongzi with different fillings may be identified by shape, size, or colored string
Southern and Northern Chinese style zongzi
Unwrapped zongzi with pork and mung beans (left), pork and peanuts (right)
Zongzi assembly in Shanghai
Jianshui zongzi without fillings
Japanese-style chimaki may have a long narrow conical shape
A very large zongzi
Dessert zongzi made with translucent glutinous rice paste
Fancy decorated zongzi in a museum display

The fillings used for zongzi vary from region to region, but the rice used is almost always glutinous rice (also called "sticky rice" or "sweet rice").

A cup of amazake

Amazake

A cup of amazake
Several types of amazake from a supermarket

Amazake (甘酒) is a traditional sweet, low-alcohol or non-alcoholic Japanese drink made from fermented rice.

A Javanese bride and groom wearing their traditional garb

Javanese people

The Javan or Javanese (Javanese:, Wong Jawa (in Ngoko register); , Tiyang Jawi (in Krama register)) are indigenous ethnic group native to the central and eastern hemisphere of Java island, Indonesia.

The Javan or Javanese (Javanese:, Wong Jawa (in Ngoko register); , Tiyang Jawi (in Krama register)) are indigenous ethnic group native to the central and eastern hemisphere of Java island, Indonesia.

A Javanese bride and groom wearing their traditional garb
Javanese adapted many aspects of Indian culture, such as the Ramayana epic.
Sultan Amangkurat II of Mataram (upper right) watching warlord Untung Surapati fighting Captain Tack of the Dutch East India Company (VOC). ca 1684 AD.
A Javanese courtly ceremony at Keraton Surakarta in 1932.
Javanese cultural expressions, such as wayang and gamelan are often used to promote the excellence of Javanese culture.
Gamelan is one of Javanese cultural expression that demonstrate refinement.
Javanese abugida.
Javanese priyayi (aristocrat) and servants, c. undefined 1865.
Javanese temple.
Traditional Javanese house.
Example of Javanese cuisine. Clockwise: fried tempeh, mlinjo crackers, gudeg with rice wrapped in teak leaf, green chili sambal and sliced lime.
Nasi tumpeng, the quintessentially Javanese rice dish, symbolises the volcano.
A Javanese sailor.
Inhabitants of Jave la Grande (Great Java island), from Nicholas Vallard's manuscript sea atlas (1547). The people are armed with spear and shortsword with curving hilt, a feature of Indonesian weapon (golok?). The man riding a horse seems to be a leader or noble. The servant behind him carried a parasol. Several men is wearing turbans, which may indicate that they are Muslims, but the women did not cover their head like Muslims do (it needs to be noted that, this custom of Muslim women not wearing a veil in Indonesia is quite common until after World War 2). In the background are several raised wooden huts, also a feature of Indonesian building. It is unknown whether these huts are for dwelling or serve as a temporary shelter for people working on the orchard.
Javanese migrant workers in Suriname, circa 1940
A decorative kris with a figure of Semar as the handle. The bilah has thirteen luk
Varieties of Javanese keris
Weapons of Java: Machetes, maces, bow and arrows, blowpipe, sling
Weapon of Java: Keris
Short swords, shields, and a matchlock gun (istinggar)
Javanese weapons and standards
Various keris and pole weapons of Java.
Javanese woodworkers making traditional masks during the Dutch East Indies era
The carpenters' tools of the Javanese people
Javanese agricultural tools
A drawing of Javanese manufacturing tools, handicrafts, and musical instruments
Javanese musical instruments, many of which require the skills of blacksmith and carpenters
Javanese masks

Although not major spice producers, these kingdoms were able to stockpile spice by trading for it with rice, of which Java was a major producer.