Richard E. Byrd

Byrd in 1928
Ancestral Coat of Arms of the Byrd family
Richard Byrd in flight jacket, 1920s
The Fokker F.VII of Byrd and Bennett in flight
The Fokker FVIIa/3M – Josephine Ford, on display at The Henry Ford Museum
Lt. Com. Byrd and aircraft
Remains of Fokker aircraft in the Rockefeller Mountains, Antarctica, in 1993
Byrd's expedition
Rear Admiral Byrd (circa 1955)
Flag used by Byrd in his Second Antarctic Expedition.
Cover of Byrd's autobiography
Admiral Byrd during Operation Deep Freeze I (Dec. 1955)
Grave of Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd
Bust of Richard E. Byrd by Felix de Weldon at McMurdo Station, Antarctica.
Byrd Memorial on Mount Victoria, Wellington, New Zealand
50th Anniversary flag of Byrd's historic flag over the South Pole.
50px
Letter from RADM Richard E. Byrd to Captain Irving R. Chambers, Commanding Officer, USS Concord, commemorating the loss of 24 men during Byrd's special mission to reconnoiter South Sea islands during September–December 1943.

American naval officer and explorer.

- Richard E. Byrd

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Marie Byrd Land

Unclaimed region of Antarctica.

Marie Byrd Land
Glaciers and rock outcrops in Marie Byrd Land seen from NASA's DC-8 aircraft on October 17, 2011

It was named after the wife of American naval officer Richard E. Byrd, who explored the region in the early 20th century.

North Pole

Point in the Northern Hemisphere where the Earth's axis of rotation meets its surface.

An azimuthal projection showing the Arctic Ocean and the North Pole. The map also shows the 75th parallel north and 60th parallel north.
Temporary research station of German-Swiss expedition on the sea ice at the Geographic North Pole. Drillings at the landing site at 90°N showed an average ice thickness of 2.5 metres on April 16, 1990
This pressure ridge at the North Pole is about 1 km long, formed between two ice floes of multi-year ice.
Gerardus Mercator's map of the North Pole from 1595
C.G. Zorgdragers map of the North Pole from 1720
Nansen's ship Fram in the Arctic ice
Peary's sledge party at what they claimed was the North Pole, 1909. From left: Ooqueah, Ootah, Henson, Egingwah, and Seeglo.
USS Skate at drift station Alpha, 1958
Icebreaker Arktika, the first surface ship to reach the North Pole
Participants of the first German North Pole expedition 1990 from University of Giessen
The German North Pole expedition 1990, Ski-Doo for local research on pack-ice
USS Charlotte at the North Pole in 2005
MIR submersible, one of the two vehicles that were used in the first ever manned descent to the seabed under the North Pole
Yemelya, an all terrain amphibious vehicle
Arctic ice shrinkages of 2007 compared to 2005 and also compared to the 1979–2000 average.
Sunset over the North Pole at the International Dateline, 2015

Three prior expeditions – led by Frederick Cook (1908, land), Robert Peary (1909, land) and Richard E. Byrd (1926, aerial) – were once also accepted as having reached the Pole.

Edsel Ford

American business executive and philanthropist who was the son of pioneering industrialist Henry Ford and his wife, Clara Jane Bryant Ford.

Ford in 1921
Edsel Ford's Model 40 Special Speedster
Edsel and Eleanor Ford, 1924

Ford was a major art benefactor in Detroit and also financed Admiral Richard Byrd's polar explorations.

Medal of Honor

United States government's highest and most prestigious military decoration that may be awarded to recognize American soldiers, sailors, marines, airmen, guardians, and coast guardsmen who have distinguished themselves by acts of valor.

Medals of honor of the three military departments
All three Military Department medals together
Medal of Honor (without the suspension ribbon) awarded to Seaman John Ortega in 1864.
Medal of Honor awarded posthumously in 1866 to John Morehead Scott, one of the Andrews Raiders
Service ribbon
Lapel button
Medal of Honor Flag
President Calvin Coolidge bestowing the Medal of Honor upon Henry Breault, March 8, 1924
Medal of Honor monument and Medal of Honor headstones of the Civil War recipients of "Andrews Raid" at the Chattanooga National Cemetery in Chattanooga, Tennessee.
Medal of Honor gravemarker of Jimmie W. Monteith at the Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial
Medal of Honor headstone of James H. Robinson at the Memphis National Cemetery
Admiral Eric T. Olson salutes Sergeant First Class Leroy Petry at a ceremony at The Pentagon (July 2011)
William Harvey Carney, wearing his Medal of Honor
A Medal of Honor monument at the Texas State Cemetery in Austin, Texas
1862–95 Army version
1896–1903 Army version
1904–44 Army version
Post 1944 Army version
1862–1912 Navy version
1913–42 Navy version
1919–42 Navy "Tiffany Cross" version
Post 1942 Navy version

Despite the "actual conflict" guidelines, the Tiffany Cross was awarded to Navy CDR (later RADM) Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett for their flight to the North Pole in 1926.

Harry F. Byrd

Several terms redirect here.

Byrd c. 1926-30
Byrd as a state senator during the 1916 General Assembly
Historic Rosemont Manor in Berryville, Virginia, Byrd's home from 1929 until his death.

One younger brother was Naval aviator and polar explorer Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd (1888–1957).

Antarctic Plateau

Large area of East Antarctica which extends over a diameter of about 1000 km, and includes the region of the geographic South Pole and the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station.

The high, flat, and cold environment of the Antarctic Plateau at Dome C
Surface of Antarctic Plateau, at 150E, 77S

The chief pilot of this flight was Bernt Balchen, a native of Norway, and the navigator and chief organizer of this expedition was Richard E. Byrd of Virginia, an officer in the U.S. Navy.

Fokker F.VII

Airliner produced in the 1920s by the Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker, Fokker's American subsidiary Atlantic Aircraft Corporation, and other companies under licence.

Swissair Fokker F.VIIb/3m (CH-192) piloted by Walter Mittelholzer in Kassala (Sudan), February 1934.
The Josephine Ford at The Henry Ford museum
The Southern Cross in 1943.
Fokker F.VIIb/3m (CH-190) operated by Ad Astra Aero
Fokker F.VII at Tjililitan airfield, Batavia (now Jakarta, Indonesia)
A C-2 of the United States Army
Fokker F.VII/3m 3-view drawing from NACA Aircraft Circular No.74

Richard E. Byrd claimed to have flown over the North Pole in the Fokker F.VIIa/3m Josephine Ford (N267) on 9 May 1926, a few days before Roald Amundsen accomplished the feat in the airship Norge.

Distinguished Flying Cross (United States)

Military decoration of the United States Armed Forces.

LTG Ray Odierno presents Distinguished Flying Crosses to Army aviators in Iraq

The first Distinguished Flying Cross to be awarded to a Naval aviator was received by Commander Richard E. Byrd, USN for his trans-Atlantic flight from June 29 to July 1, 1927, from New York City to the coast of France.

Lincoln Ellsworth

Polar explorer from the United States and a major benefactor of the American Museum of Natural History.

Lincoln Ellsworth

The other eighteen men who were awarded this distinction were: Roy Chapman Andrews; Robert Bartlett; Frederick Russell Burnham; Richard E. Byrd; George Kruck Cherrie; James L. Clark; Merian C. Cooper; Louis Agassiz Fuertes; George Bird Grinnell; Charles A. Lindbergh; Donald Baxter MacMillan; Clifford H. Pope; George Palmer Putnam; Kermit Roosevelt; Carl Rungius; Stewart Edward White; Orville Wright.

Fairchild Aircraft

American aircraft and aerospace manufacturing company based at various times in Farmingdale, New York; Hagerstown, Maryland; and San Antonio, Texas.

The Jamaica, New York Fairchild plant in 1941.
The Western Canada Aviation Museum's Fairchild 71C
1944 model Fairchild 24 Argus III
The Commonwealth Air Training Plan Museum's Fairchild Cornell
314th Troop Carrier Group C-119 Flying Boxcars
A-10 Thunderbolt II

A Fairchild 71 monoplane, the Virginia, was taken as one of three aircraft by Richard E. Byrd on his 1928–1929 expedition to the South Pole.