Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane

Richard HaldaneLord HaldaneViscount HaldaneHaldaneR. B. HaldaneThe Viscount HaldaneRichard Burdon HaldaneR B HaldaneR. B. S. Haldane The Right Honourable Richard Haldane 1st '''Viscount Haldane
Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane, (30 July 1856 – 19 August 1928) was an influential Scottish Liberal and later Labour imperialist politician, lawyer and philosopher.wikipedia
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Haldane Reforms

HaldaneHaldane's Reformsreforms
He was Secretary of State for War between 1905 and 1912 during which time the "Haldane Reforms" of the British Army were implemented.
The Haldane Reforms were a series of far-ranging reforms of the British Army made from 1906 to 1912, and named after the Secretary of State for War, Richard Burdon Haldane.

Elizabeth Haldane

E. S. HaldaneElizabethElizabeth Sanderson Haldane
He was the grandson of the Scottish evangelist James Alexander Haldane, the brother of respiratory physiologist John Scott Haldane, Sir William Haldane and author Elizabeth Haldane, and the uncle of J. B. S. Haldane and Naomi Mitchison.
She was the sister of Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane and John Scott Haldane, and became the first female Justice of the Peace in Scotland in 1920.

John Scott Haldane

HaldanehaldaneanJ.S. Haldane
He was the grandson of the Scottish evangelist James Alexander Haldane, the brother of respiratory physiologist John Scott Haldane, Sir William Haldane and author Elizabeth Haldane, and the uncle of J. B. S. Haldane and Naomi Mitchison.
He was the brother of Elizabeth Haldane, William Stowell Haldane and Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane.

Naomi Mitchison

Naomi (née Haldane)Mitchison, N.Naomi Haldane
He was the grandson of the Scottish evangelist James Alexander Haldane, the brother of respiratory physiologist John Scott Haldane, Sir William Haldane and author Elizabeth Haldane, and the uncle of J. B. S. Haldane and Naomi Mitchison.
Today the best-known member of the family is probably Naomi's elder brother, the biologist J. B. S. Haldane (1892–1964), but in her youth her paternal uncle Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane, twice Lord Chancellor (from 1912 to 1915 under Herbert Henry Asquith, and in 1924 during the first Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald), was better known.

J. B. S. Haldane

HaldaneJ.B.S. HaldaneJack Haldane
He was the grandson of the Scottish evangelist James Alexander Haldane, the brother of respiratory physiologist John Scott Haldane, Sir William Haldane and author Elizabeth Haldane, and the uncle of J. B. S. Haldane and Naomi Mitchison.
His younger sister, Naomi Mitchison, became a writer, and his uncle was Viscount Haldane and his aunt the author Elizabeth Haldane.

Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane, (30 July 1856 – 19 August 1928) was an influential Scottish Liberal and later Labour imperialist politician, lawyer and philosopher.
Although he presided over a large majority, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was overshadowed by his ministers, most notably H. H. Asquith at the Exchequer, Edward Grey at the Foreign Office, Richard Burdon Haldane at the War Office and David Lloyd George at the Board of Trade.

1902 Coronation Honours

Coronation Honours list1902 Coronation Honours list
On 11 August 1902, Haldane was admitted to the Privy Council, following an announcement of the King′s intention to make the appointment in the 1902 Coronation Honours list, published in June that year.
Richard B. Haldane, Esq., KC, MP

Liberal Imperialists

Liberal ImperialistImperialistimperial wing
Haldane remained an ally of Asquith and Sir Edward Grey in the Liberal Imperialist wing of the party, followers of Lord Rosebery rather than of Sir William Harcourt.
The Liberal Imperialists were a grouping within the British Liberal Party, the most prominent of whom were R. B. Haldane, H. H. Asquith, Sir Edward Grey and Lord Rosebery.

Secretary of State for War

War SecretarySecretaries of State for WarWar Minister
He was Secretary of State for War between 1905 and 1912 during which time the "Haldane Reforms" of the British Army were implemented.

British Expeditionary Force (World War I)

British Expeditionary ForceBEFExpeditionary Force
The main element of this was the establishment of the British Expeditionary Force of six infantry divisions and one cavalry division.
Planning for a British Expeditionary Force began with the Haldane reforms of the British Army carried out by the Secretary of State for War Richard Haldane following the Second Boer War (1899–1902).

The Relugas Compact

Liberal ImperialistRelugas Compact
However, the plot (called "The Relugas Compact" after Grey's Scottish lodge where the men met) collapsed when Asquith agreed to serve as Chancellor of the Exchequer under Campbell-Bannerman.
The Relugas Compact was the plot hatched in 1905 by British Liberal Party politicians H. H. Asquith, Sir Edward Grey, and R. B. Haldane to force the prospective Prime Minister, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, to give up the leadership of the party in the House of Commons.

H. H. Asquith

AsquithAsquithianHerbert Henry Asquith
In 1881 Haldane met H. H. Asquith, and they soon became firm friends often meeting the Blue Post Public house on Cork Street.
Richard Haldane, a close friend of Asquith's and also a struggling young barrister, had been Liberal MP for the nearby Haddingtonshire constituency since December 1885.

Peter Hume Brown

Hume BrownHume Brown, PP Hume Brown
He had refused a place at Balliol, but in nodding respect for the Master and philosopher, T H Green, he dedicated his Schopenauer translation The World as Will and Idea which he carried through with a friend, Peter Hume Brown, the Scottish historian.
In the meantime he had started on a lifelong "loyal ... friendship" with R. B. Haldane who shared some of his intellectual interests.

Horace Davey, Baron Davey

Lord DaveySir Horace DaveyHorace Davey
He was taken on at 5 New Square Chambers by Lord Davey in 1882 as the junior.
Lord Haldane, himself, the greatest intellectual philosopher-politician of his generation described Davey as "the finest advocate on pure points of law..."

Officers' Training Corps

OTCOfficer Training CorpsUOTC
Haldane's reforms also created the Territorial Force of 14 divisions (the original plan was for 28) and 14 mounted Yeomanry brigades at home, the Officer Training Corps and the Special Reserve.
The emergence of the Officers' Training Corps as a distinct unit began in 1906, when the Secretary of State for War, Lord Haldane, first appointed a committee to consider the problem of the shortage of officers in the Militia, the Volunteer Force, the Yeomanry, and the Reserve of Officers.

Special Reserve

(Extra Reserve)Extra Reservereserve
Haldane's reforms also created the Territorial Force of 14 divisions (the original plan was for 28) and 14 mounted Yeomanry brigades at home, the Officer Training Corps and the Special Reserve.
Its formation was part of the military reforms implemented by Richard Haldane, the Secretary of State for War, which also created the Territorial Force.

Army Reserve (United Kingdom)

Territorial ArmyArmy ReserveTerritorial
He was accredited as an efficient bureaucratic leader, notably founding the Territorial Army in a Second Memorandum.
The Army Reserve was created as the Territorial Force in 1908 by the Secretary of State for War, Richard Haldane, when the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 combined the previously civilian-administered Volunteer Force, with the mounted Yeomanry (at the same time the Militia was renamed the Special Reserve).

Ronald Munro Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar

Ronald Munro FergusonSir Ronald Munro FergusonRonald Munro-Ferguson
In 1888, he courted Emma Valentine Ferguson, sister of his Liberal party friend, Ronald Munro-Ferguson; she broke off the engagement and subsequently lampooned him in her novel "Betsy" in 1892.
Increasingly, his job in government and liaison of his group had been taken over by R B Haldane when he made it clear in 1907 his decided opposition "to keep Asquith out of the leadership....He has come to be quite unreliable...."

Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

Aeronautical Research CommitteeAeronautical Research CouncilAeronautics Research Council
Haldane was also instrumental in the creation the Advisory Committee for Aeronautics in 1909, which provided the fledgling aircraft industry in the United Kingdom with a sound body of science on which to base the development of aircraft for the next seventy years (it was disbanded in 1979).
The idea for the creation of the ACA originated with the then Secretary of State for War, R.B.Haldane (later First Viscount Haldane), who was supported in his efforts by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom H. H. Asquith.

Territorial Force

territorialTFT.F.
Haldane's reforms also created the Territorial Force of 14 divisions (the original plan was for 28) and 14 mounted Yeomanry brigades at home, the Officer Training Corps and the Special Reserve.
In December 1905, a Liberal government took office, bringing in Richard Haldane as the Secretary of State for War.

Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon

Sir Edward GreyEdward GreyGrey
Haldane remained an ally of Asquith and Sir Edward Grey in the Liberal Imperialist wing of the party, followers of Lord Rosebery rather than of Sir William Harcourt.
With the Conservative government of Arthur Balfour divided and unpopular, there was some speculation that H. H. Asquith and his allies Grey and Richard Haldane would refuse to serve in the next Liberal government unless the Liberal leader Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman accepted a peerage, which would have left Asquith as the real leader in the House of Commons.

Charlotte Square

Haldane was born at 17 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, the son of Robert Haldane and his wife Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Burdon-Sanderson.

Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig

Douglas HaigSir Douglas HaigHaig
In all the reforms, Haldane worked closely at the War Office with Major-General Haig.
In the new Liberal Government (December 1905), Richard Haldane, Secretary of State for War, implemented the Esher recommendations accepted in principle by the outgoing Conservative government.

James Haldane

JamesJames Alexander Haldane
He was the grandson of the Scottish evangelist James Alexander Haldane, the brother of respiratory physiologist John Scott Haldane, Sir William Haldane and author Elizabeth Haldane, and the uncle of J. B. S. Haldane and Naomi Mitchison.
Father of Richard (Secretary of State for War 1905-1912), John Scott and Elizabeth Haldane, among others.

William Haldane

Sir William Haldane
He was the grandson of the Scottish evangelist James Alexander Haldane, the brother of respiratory physiologist John Scott Haldane, Sir William Haldane and author Elizabeth Haldane, and the uncle of J. B. S. Haldane and Naomi Mitchison.
He was the brother of Elizabeth Haldane, John Scott Haldane and Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane.