Richard Oswald (merchant)

Richard OswaldOswald
Richard Oswald of Auchincruive (1705 – 6 November 1784) was a Scottish merchant, slave trader, and advisor to the British government on trade regulations and the conduct of the American War of Independence.wikipedia
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Peace of Paris (1783)

Peace of ParisTreaty of VersaillesTreaty of Paris
He is best known as the British peace commissioner who in 1782 negotiated the Peace of Paris.
The British negotiator sent to Paris was Richard Oswald, an old slave-trading partner of Henry Laurens, who had been one of his visitors in the Tower of London.

East Florida

EastBritish East FloridaEastern Florida
In British North America he had large land holdings and owned slaves in East Florida, and held estates in both Georgia and Virginia. Oswald directed English planter Francis Levett, who formerly worked for the Levant Company, to locations in British East Florida for his plantations, and urged East Florida's Governor James Grant to make generous land grants to Levett, whom Oswald called his "worthy friend" to whom he owed "particular obligations."
The apportionment of lands in the new colonies fell to the same group of English and Scottish entrepreneurs and merchant interests, led chiefly by the Englishman Richard Oswald, later a diplomat, and the British general James Grant, who would later become governor of East Florida.

Auchincruive

Auchencruive
Oswald bought the Cavens estate in Kirkcudbrightshire, and the Auchincruive estate in Ayrshire, in 1759.
In 1758 the estate passed to James Murray of Broughton, who sold it in 1764 to the merchant and slave-trader Richard Oswald, who built the present Auchincruive House.

Sir Alexander Grant, 5th Baronet

Alexander GrantSir Alexander Grant, BtGrant
In 1748, a consortium of Alexander Grant and Oswald, with Augustus Boyd (1679–1765) and his son John Boyd, John Mill (1710–1771), and John Sargent (1714–1791), purchased Bance Island, on the Sierra Leone River.
As part of Grant, Oswald and Co., he owned Bunce Island in Sierra Leone.

Treaty of Paris (1783)

Treaty of Paris1783 Treaty of ParisTreaty of Paris of 1783
With almost no alterations, these articles were made into a treaty on 3 September 1783.
David Hartley and Richard Oswald represented Great Britain.

Eleazer Oswald

Oswald was related to American soldier and journalist Eleazer Oswald.
He was related to merchant Richard Oswald who later became the British commissioner for the Peace of Paris in 1783.

Henry Laurens

HenryLaurens
The preliminary articles were signed by Oswald for Great Britain, and John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and Henry Laurens for the United States on 30 November 1782.
This took place in the company of Richard Oswald.

William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne

Lord ShelburneEarl of ShelburneThe Earl of Shelburne
In 1782, Oswald was selected by Lord Shelburne to open informal negotiations with the Americans, to be held in Paris.
Shelburne's government continued to negotiate for peace in Paris using Richard Oswald as the chief negotiator.

George Oswald

George Oswald of Auchencruive
His Auchincruive estate passed to his nephew the tobacco merchant George Oswald, son of James Oswald (1703–1793), his elder brother, known as a minister and writer.
He was the son of the Rev. James Oswald (1703–1793), and nephew of the merchant Richard Oswald (1705?–1784).

North ministry

NorthNorth governmentgovernment
Richard Oswald of Auchincruive (1705 – 6 November 1784) was a Scottish merchant, slave trader, and advisor to the British government on trade regulations and the conduct of the American War of Independence.

American Revolutionary War

Revolutionary WarAmerican War of IndependenceAmerican Revolution
Richard Oswald of Auchincruive (1705 – 6 November 1784) was a Scottish merchant, slave trader, and advisor to the British government on trade regulations and the conduct of the American War of Independence.

Dunnet

Dunnet BayDunnet Parish ChurchWest Dunnet
Oswald was born to the Reverend George Oswald of Dunnet, and his wife Margaret Murray.

Glasgow

Glasgow, United KingdomGlasgow, ScotlandCity of Glasgow
At age 20 he was apprenticed to cousins who were merchants in Glasgow, the brothers Richard Oswald (1687–1763) of Scotstoun and Alexander Oswald (1694–1766), sons of the Rev. James Oswald (1654–1698).

Factor (agent)

factorChief Factorfactors
As a young man he worked for them as a factor, travelling in America and the Caribbean.

War of the Austrian Succession

War of Austrian SuccessionAustrian War of SuccessionAustrian Succession
Doing good business during the War of the Austrian Succession, Oswald in 1746 established himself in mercantile business in London.

Counting house

counting-housecountinghousecount house
He leased a counting-house at 17 Philpot Lane, where he initially devoted most of his time to the shipping and trading of tobacco.

Philpot Lane

Philipot Lane
He leased a counting-house at 17 Philpot Lane, where he initially devoted most of his time to the shipping and trading of tobacco.

Forage

foraging feedbirdseed
He took on a forage contract for the British Army, having in 1756 the merchant James Buchanan (1696–1758) as guarantor.

Seven Years' War

Seven Years’ WarSeven Years WarThe Seven Years' War
He prospered also as a contractor during the Seven Years' War, particularly in the supply of bread in the German theatre, and was praised by Ferdinand of Brunswick.

Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

Ferdinand of BrunswickDuke Ferdinand of BrunswickPrince Ferdinand of Brunswick
He prospered also as a contractor during the Seven Years' War, particularly in the supply of bread in the German theatre, and was praised by Ferdinand of Brunswick.

Kirkcudbrightshire

Stewartry of KirkcudbrightKirkcudbrightCounty of Kirkcudbright
Oswald bought the Cavens estate in Kirkcudbrightshire, and the Auchincruive estate in Ayrshire, in 1759.

Ayrshire

County of AyrAyrAyrshire, Scotland
Oswald bought the Cavens estate in Kirkcudbrightshire, and the Auchincruive estate in Ayrshire, in 1759.

Levett

LyvetLevetan ancient family
Oswald directed English planter Francis Levett, who formerly worked for the Levant Company, to locations in British East Florida for his plantations, and urged East Florida's Governor James Grant to make generous land grants to Levett, whom Oswald called his "worthy friend" to whom he owed "particular obligations."

Levant Company

Turkey MerchantTurkey CompanyLevant
Oswald directed English planter Francis Levett, who formerly worked for the Levant Company, to locations in British East Florida for his plantations, and urged East Florida's Governor James Grant to make generous land grants to Levett, whom Oswald called his "worthy friend" to whom he owed "particular obligations."

James Grant (British Army officer, born 1720)

James GrantMajor James GrantGeneral Grant
Oswald directed English planter Francis Levett, who formerly worked for the Levant Company, to locations in British East Florida for his plantations, and urged East Florida's Governor James Grant to make generous land grants to Levett, whom Oswald called his "worthy friend" to whom he owed "particular obligations."