Richard Wagner

WagnerWagnerianWagnerian operaWagner’sR. WagnerWilhelm Richard WagnerRichardWagner, RichardWagnerism[Richard] Wagner
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (, ; 22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his mature works were later known, "music dramas").wikipedia
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Der Ring des Nibelungen

Ring CycleRingThe Ring Cycle
Wagner realised these ideas most fully in the first half of the four-opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung).
Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung), WWV 86, is a cycle of four German-language epic music dramas composed by Richard Wagner.

Tristan und Isolde

TristanIsoldeTristan and Isolde
His Tristan und Isolde is sometimes described as marking the start of modern music.
Tristan und Isolde (Tristan and Isolde), WWV 90, is an opera in three acts by Richard Wagner to a German libretto by the composer, based largely on the 12th-century romance Tristan by Gottfried von Strassburg.

Gesamtkunstwerk

music dramatotal work of artGesamtkunst
Initially establishing his reputation as a composer of works in the romantic vein of Carl Maria von Weber and Giacomo Meyerbeer, Wagner revolutionised opera through his concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk ("total work of art"), by which he sought to synthesise the poetic, visual, musical and dramatic arts, with music subsidiary to drama.
The German opera composer Richard Wagner used the term in two 1849 essays, and the word has become particularly associated with his aesthetic ideals.

Giacomo Meyerbeer

MeyerbeerMeyerbeer, GiacomoG. Meyerbeer
Initially establishing his reputation as a composer of works in the romantic vein of Carl Maria von Weber and Giacomo Meyerbeer, Wagner revolutionised opera through his concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk ("total work of art"), by which he sought to synthesise the poetic, visual, musical and dramatic arts, with music subsidiary to drama.
He was an early supporter of Richard Wagner, enabling the first production of the latter's opera Rienzi.

Parsifal

KundryAmfortasGurnemanz
The Ring and Parsifal were premiered here and his most important stage works continue to be performed at the annual Bayreuth Festival, run by his descendants.
Parsifal (WWV 111) is an opera in three acts by German composer Richard Wagner.

Bayreuth Festival

BayreuthWagner FestivalBayreuther Festspiele
The Ring and Parsifal were premiered here and his most important stage works continue to be performed at the annual Bayreuth Festival, run by his descendants.
The Bayreuth Festival (Bayreuther Festspiele) is a music festival held annually in Bayreuth, Germany, at which performances of operas by the 19th-century German composer Richard Wagner are presented.

Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg

Die MeistersingerThe Mastersingers of NurembergThe Mastersingers
His thoughts on the relative contributions of music and drama in opera were to change again, and he reintroduced some traditional forms into his last few stage works, including Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (The Mastersingers of Nuremberg).
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg ("The Master-Singers of Nuremberg"), WWV 96, is a music drama (or opera) in three acts, written and composed by Richard Wagner.

Leitmotif

leitmotivleitmotifsidée fixe
His compositions, particularly those of his later period, are notable for their complex textures, rich harmonies and orchestration, and the elaborate use of leitmotifs—musical phrases associated with individual characters, places, ideas, or plot elements.
The technique is notably associated with the operas of Richard Wagner, and most especially his Der Ring des Nibelungen, although he was not its originator and did not employ the word in connection with his work.

Bayreuth canon

most important stage works
The Ring and Parsifal were premiered here and his most important stage works continue to be performed at the annual Bayreuth Festival, run by his descendants.
The Bayreuth canon consists of those operas by the German composer Richard Wagner (1813–1883) that have been performed at the Bayreuth Festival.

Wagner family tree

Wagner familybranch of the familyethnic German family
Richard Wagner was born to an ethnic German family in Leipzig, who lived at No 3, the Brühl (The House of the Red and White Lions) in the Jewish quarter.
The family of the composer Richard Wagner:

St. Thomas Church, Leipzig

ThomaskircheSt. Thomas ChurchSt. Thomas
He was baptized at St. Thomas Church.
It is associated with several well-known composers such as Richard Wagner and Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, but mostly with Johann Sebastian Bach who worked here as a Kapellmeister (music director) from 1723 until his death in 1750.

Nibelung

NibelungenGjukungsNiflungs
Wagner realised these ideas most fully in the first half of the four-opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung).
In Richard Wagner's opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen (1848–1874), Nibelung denotes a dwarf, or perhaps a specific race of dwarfs.

Bayreuth Festspielhaus

BayreuthFestspielhausBayreuth Festival
Wagner had his own opera house built, the Bayreuth Festspielhaus, which embodied many novel design features.
The Bayreuth Festspielhaus or Bayreuth Festival Theatre (Bayreuther Festspielhaus, ) is an opera house north of Bayreuth, Germany, built by the 19th-century German composer Richard Wagner and dedicated solely to the performance of his stage works.

Chromaticism

chromaticchromatic harmonychromatically
His advances in musical language, such as extreme chromaticism and quickly shifting tonal centres, greatly influenced the development of classical music.

Mein Leben (Wagner)

Mein LebenMein Leben'' (Wagner)My Life
In his autobiography Mein Leben Wagner recalled once playing the part of an angel.
Mein Leben (German, My Life) is the title given by the composer Richard Wagner to his autobiography, covering the years from his birth in 1813 to 1864.

Ludwig Geyer

Afterwards, his mother Johanna lived with Carl's friend, the actor and playwright Ludwig Geyer.
Born in Eisleben, he was the stepfather of composer Richard Wagner, whose biological father had died some six months after his birth.

Leubald

His first creative effort, listed in the Wagner-Werk-Verzeichnis (the standard listing of Wagner's works) as WWV 1, was a tragedy called Leubald. Begun when he was in school in 1826, the play was strongly influenced by Shakespeare and Goethe.
Leubald was an attempt by the youthful Richard Wagner to write a tragic drama in the Shakespearean genre.

Wagner-Werk-Verzeichnis

WWVWWV 86B
His first creative effort, listed in the Wagner-Werk-Verzeichnis (the standard listing of Wagner's works) as WWV 1, was a tragedy called Leubald. Begun when he was in school in 1826, the play was strongly influenced by Shakespeare and Goethe.
The Wagner-Werk-Verzeichnis ("Catalogue of Wagner's Works"), usually shortened to WWV, is an index and musicological guide to the 113 musical compositions and works for the stage of Richard Wagner compiled by John Deathridge, Martin Geck, and Egon Voss.

Der Freischütz

Der FreischutzAgatheMax
At the age of nine he was hugely impressed by the Gothic elements of Carl Maria von Weber's opera Der Freischütz, which he saw Weber conduct.
Among the many artists influenced by Der Freischütz was a young Richard Wagner.

Die Feen

In the same year, at the age of 20, Wagner composed his first complete opera, Die Feen (The Fairies).
Die Feen (, The Fairies) is an opera in three acts by Richard Wagner.

Minna Planer

MinnaMinna WagnerChristine Wilhelmine "Minna" Planer
Wagner had fallen for one of the leading ladies at Magdeburg, the actress Christine Wilhelmine "Minna" Planer and after the disaster of Das Liebesverbot he followed her to Königsberg, where she helped him to get an engagement at the theatre.
Christine Wilhelmine "Minna" Planer (5 September 1809 – 25 January 1866) was a German actress and the first wife of composer Richard Wagner, to whom she was married for 30 years, although for the last 10 years they often lived apart.

Leipzig University

University of LeipzigLeipzigKarl Marx University
In 1831, Wagner enrolled at the Leipzig University, where he became a member of the Saxon student fraternity.
Famous alumni include Leibniz, Goethe, Leopold von Ranke, Friedrich Nietzsche, Robert Schumann, Richard Wagner, Tycho Brahe, Georgius Agricola, Angela Merkel and the nine Nobel laureates associated with the university.

Das Liebesverbot

Having returned to Leipzig in 1834, Wagner held a brief appointment as musical director at the opera house in Magdeburg during which he wrote Das Liebesverbot (The Ban on Love), based on Shakespeare's Measure for Measure.
Das Liebesverbot (The Ban on Love, WWV 38), is an early comic opera in two acts by Richard Wagner, with the libretto written by the composer after Shakespeare's Measure for Measure.

Symphony in C major (Wagner)

Symphony in C majorearly SymphonySymphony in C
1. A year later, Wagner composed his Symphony in C major, a Beethovenesque work performed in Prague in 1832 and at the Leipzig Gewandhaus in 1833.
The Symphony in C major, WWV 29, is the only completed symphony of Richard Wagner.

Rienzi

Rienzi, der Letzte der TribunenOverture to Rienzi
During this stay he completed his third and fourth operas Rienzi and Der fliegende Holländer.
Rienzi, der letzte der Tribunen (Rienzi, the last of the tribunes; WWV 49) is an early opera by Richard Wagner in five acts, with the libretto written by the composer after Edward Bulwer-Lytton's novel of the same name (1835).