Right to life

right-to-lifeliferight to liverights to lifeNational Right to Life CommitteeOhio Right to Lifepro-lifepro-life movementprotect lifeRight to Life Committee
The right to life is a moral principle based on the belief that a being has the right to live and, in particular, should not be killed by another entity including government.wikipedia
500 Related Articles

Abortion

abortionsinduced abortionabort
The concept of a right to life arises in debates on issues of capital punishment, war, abortion, euthanasia, police brutality, justifiable homicide, and animal rights. The term "right to life" is used in the abortion debate by those who wish to end the practice of abortion, or at least reduce the frequency of the practice, and in the context of pregnancy, the term right to life was advanced by Pope Pius XII during a 1951 papal encyclical:
Those who oppose abortion often argue that an embryo or fetus is a human with a right to life, and they may compare abortion to murder.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Universal Declaration on Human RightsUnited Nations Universal Declaration of Human RightsThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The evolution of human rights as a concept took place slowly in multiple areas in many different ways, with the right to life being no exception to this trend, and the past millennium in particular has seen a large set of national and international law or legal documents (examples being Magna Carta and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) codifying the general ideal into specifically worded principles.

Euthanasia

mercy killingeuthanizedeuthanize
The concept of a right to life arises in debates on issues of capital punishment, war, abortion, euthanasia, police brutality, justifiable homicide, and animal rights.
In discussing his definition, Wreen noted the difficulty of justifying euthanasia when faced with the notion of the subject's "right to life".

Abortion debate

abortionmorality of abortionabortion rights
The term "right to life" is used in the abortion debate by those who wish to end the practice of abortion, or at least reduce the frequency of the practice, and in the context of pregnancy, the term right to life was advanced by Pope Pius XII during a 1951 papal encyclical:
For example, the labels "pro-choice" and "pro-life" imply endorsement of widely held values such as liberty or the right to life, while suggesting that the opposition must be "anti-choice" or "anti-life".

Capital punishment

death penaltyexecutionexecuted
The concept of a right to life arises in debates on issues of capital punishment, war, abortion, euthanasia, police brutality, justifiable homicide, and animal rights.
Abolitionists believe capital punishment is the worst violation of human rights, because the right to life is the most important, and capital punishment violates it without necessity and inflicts to the condemned a psychological torture.

Peter Singer

Singer, PeterPete SingerProf Peter Singer
The philosopher Peter Singer is a notable proponent of this argument.
Singer's positions have also been criticised by some advocates for disability rights and right-to-life supporters, concerned with what they see as his attacks upon human dignity.

National Right to Life Committee

National Right to LifeNRLCAmerican Citizens Concerned for Life
The National Right to Life Committee (NRLC) was funded in 1967 as the Right to Life League to coordinate its state campaigns under the auspices of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

ICCPRInternational Covenant of Civil and Political RightsInternational Convention on Civil and Political Rights
The covenant commits its parties to respect the civil and political rights of individuals, including the right to life, freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, electoral rights and rights to due process and a fair trial.

Convention on the Rights of the Child

United Nations Convention on the Rights of the ChildUN Convention on the Rights of the ChildCRC
In all jurisdictions implementing the Convention requires compliance with child custody and guardianship laws as that every child has basic rights, including the right to life, to their own name and identity, to be raised by their parents within a family or cultural grouping, and to have a relationship with both parents, even if they are separated.

Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights

Article 2(Article 2 of the European Convention on Human RightsArticle 2, ECHR
Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights protects the right to life.

Anti-abortion feminism

Pro-life feminismpro-life feministon the basis of feminism
Anti-abortion feminists may believe that the principles behind women's rights also call them to oppose abortion on right to life grounds and that abortion hurts women more than it benefits them.

Culture of life

culture of deathPro-Lifechanging spiritual values
It had foundations in earlier church teaching such as Pope Paul VI's 1968 encyclical Humanae vitae, where the Church articulated its position on the defense of life from conception to natural death; therefore disapproving of certain medical procedures that may harm or kill an unborn fetus, which the Church holds to be a person with an inviolable right to life.

Terri Schiavo case

Terri SchiavoMichael Schiavocase of Terri Schiavo
The case also spurred highly visible activism from the pro-life movement, the right-to-die movement, and disability rights groups.

Speciesism

speciesistanti-speciesistspecies
They state that this special status conveys special rights, such as the right to life, and also unique responsibilities, such as stewardship of the environment.

Haleigh Poutre

A number of Right to Life groups involved themselves with Poutre's case.

Life

livinglife on Earthbiota
The right to life is a moral principle based on the belief that a being has the right to live and, in particular, should not be killed by another entity including government.

Death

mortalitydeceaseddead
The right to life is a moral principle based on the belief that a being has the right to live and, in particular, should not be killed by another entity including government.

War

warfarearmed conflictconflict
The concept of a right to life arises in debates on issues of capital punishment, war, abortion, euthanasia, police brutality, justifiable homicide, and animal rights.

Police brutality

excessive forcepolice violencebrutality
The concept of a right to life arises in debates on issues of capital punishment, war, abortion, euthanasia, police brutality, justifiable homicide, and animal rights.

Justifiable homicide

lawful killingjustifiablejustified
The concept of a right to life arises in debates on issues of capital punishment, war, abortion, euthanasia, police brutality, justifiable homicide, and animal rights.

Animal rights

rightsanimal-rightsanimal rights activists
The concept of a right to life arises in debates on issues of capital punishment, war, abortion, euthanasia, police brutality, justifiable homicide, and animal rights.

History of human rights

are now changingevolution of human rightshuman rights
The evolution of human rights as a concept took place slowly in multiple areas in many different ways, with the right to life being no exception to this trend, and the past millennium in particular has seen a large set of national and international law or legal documents (examples being Magna Carta and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) codifying the general ideal into specifically worded principles.