A report on Stream and Riparian zone

Aubach (Wiehl) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
A well-preserved natural riparian strip on a tributary to Lake Erie
Rocky stream in Italy
Thick riparian vegetation along the Pisuerga River in Spain
Frozen stream in Enäjärvi, Pori, Finland
Riparian zone along Trout Creek in the Trout Creek Mountains, part of the Burns Bureau of Land Management District in southeastern Oregon. The creek provides critical habitat for trout.
Stream near Montriond in southeastern France
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Wyming Brook in Sheffield, UK
alt=A rocky, brown stream bank mostly bare of vegetation, with a few aspen trees in the background|Cottonwood Creek riparian area in southeastern Oregon before restoration, 1988
A small stream in Lake Parramatta, Sydney
alt=The same stream bank lined with short grasses, with more aspen trees in the background|Cottonwood Creek riparian area during recovery, 2000
Stream with low gradient surrounded by natural riparian vegetation (Rhineland-Palatinate)
alt=The same stream bank lined with higher grasses that obscure most of the water, with a thicker aspen grove behind|Cottonwood Creek riparian area after restoration, 2002
A low level stream in Macon County, Illinois, US
Small tributary stream, Diamond Ridge, Alaska, US
Creek in Perisher Ski Resort, Australia
Stream in Southbury, US
Australian creek, low in the dry season, carrying little water. The energetic flow of the stream had, in flood, moved finer sediment further downstream. There is a pool to lower right and a riffle to upper left of the photograph.
Stream in Alberta
A small, narrow stream flowing down a tiny dell in Pennsylvania.

A riparian zone or riparian area is the interface between land and a river or stream.

- Riparian zone

The biological habitat in the immediate vicinity of a stream is called a riparian zone.

- Stream
Aubach (Wiehl) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

3 related topics with Alpha

Overall

The Amazon River (dark blue) and the rivers which flow into it (medium blue).

River

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The Amazon River (dark blue) and the rivers which flow into it (medium blue).
The start of a mountain stream.
Melting toe of Athabasca Glacier, Jasper National Park, Alberta, Canada
The Colorado River at Horseshoe Bend, Arizona
The Porvoo River (Porvoonjoki) in the medieval town of Porvoo, Finland
Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. The Nile is an example of a wave-dominated delta that has the classic Greek letter delta (Δ) shape after which river deltas were named.
A radar image of a 400 km river of methane and ethane near the north pole of Saturn's moon Titan
River meandering course
Flash flooding caused by a large amount of rain falling in a short amount of time
The mouth of the River Seaton in Cornwall after heavy rain caused flooding and significant erosion of the beach.
Frozen river in Alaska
Leisure activities on the River Avon at Avon Valley Country Park, Keynsham, United Kingdom. A boat giving trips to the public passes a moored private boat.
Watermill in Belgium.
River bank repair

A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.

The organisms in the riparian zone respond to changes in river channel location and patterns of flow.

Diagram of a river's left and right banks

Bank (geography)

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Land alongside a body of water.

Land alongside a body of water.

Diagram of a river's left and right banks
A sloping sandy point bar (close side) and the vegetation-stabilized cut bank (far side) on the Namoi River in New South Wales, Australia. These two constitute the banks of the river.
A man-made lake in Keukenhof with grass banks
An eastern bank of the Pielisjoki in Joensuu, Finland

In limnology (the study of inland waters), a stream bank or river bank is the terrain alongside the bed of a river, creek, or stream.

Riparian zones occur along upland and lowland river and stream beds.

An illustration showing groundwater in aquifers (in blue) (1, 5 and 6) below the water table (4), and three different wells (7, 8 and 9) dug to reach it.

Groundwater

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Water present beneath Earth's surface in rock and soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.

Water present beneath Earth's surface in rock and soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.

An illustration showing groundwater in aquifers (in blue) (1, 5 and 6) below the water table (4), and three different wells (7, 8 and 9) dug to reach it.
Dzherelo, a common source of drinking water in a Ukrainian village
The entire surface water flow of the Alapaha River near Jennings, Florida, going into a sinkhole leading to the Floridan Aquifer groundwater
Groundwater may be extracted through a water well
Diagram of a water balance of the aquifer
Iron (III) oxide staining (after water capillary rise in a wall) caused by oxidation of dissolved iron (II) and its subsequent precipitation, from an unconfined aquifer in karst topography. Perth, Western Australia.
Groundwater withdrawal rates from the Ogallala Aquifer in the Central United States
Center-pivot irrigated fields in Kansas covering hundreds of square miles watered by the Ogallala Aquifer

Groundwater is naturally replenished by surface water from precipitation, streams, and rivers when this recharge reaches the water table.

Hyporheic zones (the mixing zone of streamwater and groundwater) and riparian zones are examples of ecotones largely or totally dependent on groundwater.