River Thames

A statue of Old Father Thames by Raffaelle Monti at St John's Lock, Lechlade
Sculpture of Tamesis. Downstream keystone of the central arch of Henley Bridge
The marker stone at the official source of the River Thames named Thames Head near Kemble
The Seven Springs source
The Thames Barrier provides protection against floods
The Thames passes by some of the sights of London, including the Houses of Parliament and the London Eye
The Thames passing through the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
The Jubilee River at Slough Weir
St John's Lock, near Lechlade
The River Thames in Oxford
London Stone at Staines, built in 1285 marked the customs limit of the Thames and the City of London's jurisdiction
Waterstand of Thames at low tide (left) and high tide (right) in comparison at Blackfriars Bridge in London
London City Airport is on the site of a dock
European LGM refuges, 20,000 years ago. The Thames was a minor river that joined the Rhine, in the southern North Sea basin at this time.
A geological map of the London Basin; the London Clay is marked in dark brown
The confluence of the Rivers Thames and Brent. The narrowboat is heading up the River Brent. From this point as far as Hanwell the Brent has been canalised and shares its course with the main line of the Grand Union Canal. From Hanwell the Brent can be traced to various sources in the Barnet area.
Swan Upping – skiffs surround the swans
Fishing at Penton Hook Island
The Tower of London begun in the 11th century, with Tower Bridge, built 800 years later
A 1616 engraving by Claes Van Visscher showing the Old London Bridge, with St Mary's Overie (over-the-river), now Southwark Cathedral in the foreground
River Thames frost fair, circa 1685
Michael Faraday giving his card to Father Thames, caricature commenting on a letter of Faraday's on the state of the river in The Times in July 1855
Satirical cartoon by William Heath, showing a woman observing monsters in a drop of London water (at the time of the Commission on the London Water Supply report, 1828)
The Thames as it flows through east London, with the Isle of Dogs in the centre
Houseboats on the River Thames, in the St Margaret's, Twickenham district
Passenger service on the River Thames
The London Cable Car, over the River Thames
Pool of London looking west, from the high-level walkway on Tower Bridge. Click on the picture for a longer description
A container ship unloading at Northfleet Hope terminal, Tilbury
A ship heading downstream past Coryton Refinery
Rubbish traps are used on the Thames to filter debris as it flows through central London
Newbridge, in rural Oxfordshire
The Railway bridge at Maidenhead
The Millennium Footbridge with St Paul's Cathedral in the background
Cambridge cross the finish line ahead of Oxford in the 2007 Boat Race, viewed from Chiswick Bridge
Thames Raters at Raven's Ait, Surbiton
A seal in the river at St Saviour's Dock, London
The flooded Canvey Island sea front, amusements and residential areas in 1953
Houses of Parliament Sunlight Effect (Le Parlement effet de soleil) – Claude Monet
The first Westminster Bridge as painted by Canaletto in 1746.
The River Thames from Richmond House by Canaletto, 1747
Maidenhead Railway Bridge as Turner saw it in 1844
Monet's Trouée de soleil dans le brouillard, Houses of Parliament, London, Sun Breaking Through the Fog, 1904
Whistler's Nocturne in Blue and Gold: Old Battersea Bridge (c. 1872–1875)
Foggy Morning on the Thames – James Hamilton (between 1872 and 1878)
Boating on the Thames - John Lavery, circa 1890

River that flows through southern England, including London.

- River Thames

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Teddington Weir marks the start of the Tideway
A Fast Response Targa 31 boat of the Marine Support Unit of the Metropolitan Police
RNLI E class lifeboat based at Chiswick Pier performing a rescue
River traffic around Waterloo Pier in 2008
The Thames Lock on the Grand Union Canal at Brentford in 2005
The River Thames flooding at Chiswick Lane South in 2006
The Grain Tower (constructed in 1855) and causeway, Isle of Grain, seen at low tide, 2008
The Queen Elizabeth II Bridge; opened in October, 1991
Tower Bridge open to admit in April, 2007
London Bridge with the Gherkin in the background
Blackfriars Bridge with St Paul's Cathedral behind
Lambeth Palace, photographed looking east across the River Thames.
Battersea Power Station viewed from the north bank of the River Thames at Pimlico.
Putney Bridge
Historic riverside pub, Strand-on-the-Green, Chiswick
View from Richmond Hill, Richmond.

The Tideway is a part of the River Thames in England which is subject to tides.


City in England.

19th-century view of the High Street in Oxford.
View from Carfax Tower
Wellington Square, the name of which has become synonymous with the university's central administration
Map of Oxford
Oxford Malmaison Hotel
The Divinity School at the Bodleian Library
The Ashmolean Museum
Oxford University Museum of Natural History
Galleries at the Museum of Natural History
Museum of the History of Science
The Pitt Rivers Museum
Oxford Botanic Garden
Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford
Sheldonian Theatre
Carfax Tower at Carfax, the junction of the High Street, Queen Street, Cornmarket and St Aldate's streets at what is considered by many to be the centre of the city
Night view of High Street with Christmas lights – one of Oxford's main streets
Floral display in Oxford city centre in 2001
The Headington Shark
The air traffic control tower at Oxford Airport
Oxford Bus Company hybrid bus on a park & ride service
Oxford Bus Company flywheel energy storage bus on a BrookesBus service
Oxford railway station, in the city centre
Oxford Parkway Station, on the outskirts near Kidlington
The M40 extension
Sheldonian Theatre in 2009
Somerville College, one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford
Keble College, one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford
All Souls' College looking east up the High Street from St Mary's Church
The Bridge of Sighs links sections of Hertford College: as seen from New College Lane with the Sheldonian Theatre in the background
University Church of St Mary the Virgin as seen from Radcliffe Square
Broad Street, showing the main entrances to Trinity and Balliol Colleges, and obliquely, the frontage of Exeter College from the Sheldonian Theatre
Merton College Chapel and Corpus Christi College as viewed from the Oriel Square entrance to Merton Street
High Street as viewed from St Mary's, looking east, with Magdalen College in the distant background
Summer in the Botanic Garden
Kassam Stadium
The Manor Ground off London Road in Headington.
Rowing at Summer Eights, an annual intercollegiate bumps race
Men's 1st VIII Summer Eights 2007 coxed by Acer Nethercott
Speedway racing at Cowley in 1980
Christ Church Cathedral
Choir and organ of Christ Church Cathedral

Originally of strategic significance due to its controlling location on the upper reaches of the River Thames at its junction with the River Cherwell, the town grew in national importance during the early Norman period, and in the late 12th century became home to the fledgling University of Oxford.

Windsor, Berkshire

Historic market town and unparished area in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England.

Windsor Castle, viewed from the Long Walk
The Last Supper by Franz de Cleyn in the West Gallery of Windsor parish church of St John the Baptist
The Market Place and Windsor Guildhall
Photochrom of Windsor and Windsor Castle looking across the Thames, 1895
St John the Baptist's parish church
All Saints' parish church
Entrance to Legoland Windsor Resort
Central Station refashioned as a shopping precinct
Windsor & Eton Riverside railway station
Aerial view of Windsor around its castle and Eton in the distance, with Home Park in the bottom right
Windsor Seal
Queen Elizabeth II
Sir Sydney Camm memorial, near Alexandra Gardens

It is immediately south of the River Thames, which forms its boundary with its smaller, ancient twin town of Eton.


Capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom, with a population of just over 9 million.

In 1300, the City was still confined within the Roman walls.
The Lancastrian siege of London in 1471 is attacked by a Yorkist sally.
Westminster Abbey, as seen in this painting (by Canaletto, 1749), is a World Heritage Site and one of London's oldest and most important buildings.
Map of London in 1593. There is only one bridge across the Thames, but parts of Southwark on the south bank of the river have been developed.
The defensive Lines of Communication, planned during the English Civil War, c. 1643, surrounded The City, Westminster, Southwark, Lambeth and related areas (Vertue, 1738).
The Great Fire of London destroyed many parts of the city in 1666.
View to the Royal Exchange in the City of London in 1886
Arms of the Corporation of the City of London: Argent, a cross gules in the first quarter a sword in pale point upwards of the last; Supporters: Two dragons with wings elevated and addorsed argent on each wing a cross gules; Crest: On a dragon's wing displayed sinister a cross gules
Satellite view of London in June 2018
London from Primrose Hill
The Tower of London, a medieval castle, dating in part to 1078
Trafalgar Square and its fountains, with Nelson's Column on the right
Modern styles juxtaposed with historic styles; 30 St Mary Axe, also known as "The Gherkin", towers over St Andrew Undershaft
A fox on Ayres Street, Southwark, South London
Population density map
The City of London, one of the largest financial centres in the world
The London Stock Exchange at Paternoster Square and Temple Bar
A view from Westminster Millennium Pier on the River Thames, December 2018
Journeys in Greater London by mode from 1997 to 2018
Heathrow Airport is the busiest airport in Europe as well as the second busiest in the world for international passenger traffic. (Terminal 5C is pictured.)
The London Underground is the world's oldest and third-longest rapid transit system.
St Pancras International is the main terminal for high-speed Eurostar and High Speed 1 services, as well as commuter suburban Thameslink and inter-city East Midlands Railway services.
A red double-decker bus
Santander Cycle Hire near Victoria in Central London
Imperial College London, a technical research university in South Kensington
King's College London, established by Royal Charter in 1829, is one of the founding colleges of the University of London.
The front façade of the Royal College of Music
Piccadilly Circus
Harrods in Knightsbridge
Scene of the annual Notting Hill Carnival, 2014
Shakespeare's Globe is a modern reconstruction of the Globe Theatre on the south bank of the River Thames.
Sherlock Holmes Museum in Baker Street, bearing the number 221B
Keats House, where Keats wrote his Ode to a Nightingale. The village of Hampstead has historically been a literary centre in London.
Aerial view of Albertopolis. Albert Memorial, Royal Albert Hall, Royal Geographical Society and Royal College of Art are visible near the top; Victoria and Albert Museum and Natural History Museum at the lower end; Imperial College, Royal College of Music, and Science Museum lying in between.
The Royal Albert Hall hosts concerts and musical events.
The Horse Ride is a tree tunnel (route overhung by trees) on the western side of Wimbledon Common.
Aerial view of Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, home of the 2012 Summer Olympics
Wembley Stadium, home of the England football team, has a seating capacity of 90,000. It is the UK's biggest stadium.
10 Downing Street, official residence of the Prime Minister
The Bank of England, established in 1694, is the model on which most modern central banks are based.
Broadcasting House in central London, headquarters of the BBC
A New Routemaster (which replaced the AEC Routemaster) entered service in 2012. The red double-decker bus is an emblematic symbol of London.
The hackney carriage (black cab) is a common sight on London streets. Although traditionally black, this is not a requirement with some painted in other colours or bearing advertising.
The Royal Albert Hall hosts concerts and musical events, including The Proms which are held every summer.
Abbey Road Studios was given grade II listed status for its "cultural and historical importance" in 2010.
Hyde Park (with Kensington Gardens in foreground) has been a popular public space since it opened in 1637

It stands on the River Thames in south-east England at the head of a 50 mi estuary down to the North Sea, and has been a major settlement for two millennia.

Teddington Lock

Teddington Lock undergoing maintenance. From left to right – rollers, skiff lock, launch lock and barge lock
Barrage at Teddington Lock
Kingston from the river
Scullers, skiffs and Thames Raters at Raven's Ait on one of the most active stretches of the river
The skiff lock at Teddington

Teddington Lock is a complex of three locks and a weir on the River Thames between Ham and Teddington in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, England.

River Tamar

River in south west England, that forms most of the border between Devon (to the east) and Cornwall (to the west).

The tidal river, between Cotehele Quay and Weir Quay, with its mudbanks and reed beds.
The dam of the Upper Tamar Lake.
The most northerly bridge over the river
Higher New Bridge, near St Stephen by Launceston
Loading dock at Morwellham; once an important industrial port, it featured an inclined plane which led up to the Tavistock Canal
Cattle pasture near Horsebridge
High tide at Weir Head — excursion steamer Alexandra, 127 gross tons, 126 feet in length, reversing at the entrance to the Tamar Manure Canal, in 1906.
The Horsebridge, built in 1437, is still used by motor traffic.
The Tamar Valley Line railway crosses the Tamar on a viaduct, built in 1907, at Calstock.
The Royal Albert Bridge and the Tamar Bridge at Saltash.

The Tamar is one of several British rivers whose ancient name is assumed by some to be derived from a prehistoric river word apparently meaning "dark flowing" and which it shares with the River Thames.

Kingston upon Thames

Town in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, South West London, England.

The Coronation Stone in the grounds of the Guildhall
A map showing the wards of Kingston-upon-Thames Municipal Borough as they appeared in 1868.
Shrovetide Football at Kingston in 1846
The Hogsmill flowing under Clattern Bridge in Kingston. The bridge is mentioned in 1293 as "Clateryngbrugge"
The Bentall Centre
Sunset from Eagle Brewery Wharf
All Saint's Church, a Grade I listed building
Kingston upon Thames Guildhall, completed in 1935
Bentalls Bridge
Eden Walk shopping centre
Eadweard Muybridge (photographer) was born in the town in 1830
The sculpture "Out of Order"
Kingston railway station
Kingston University main building, Penrhyn Road campus
Tiffin School
Bradley Wiggins riding towards central Kingston on 1 August 2012.

It is situated on the River Thames and 10 mi southwest of Charing Cross.


The capital of Roman Britain during most of the period of Roman rule.

A general outline of Roman London in late antiquity, with the modern banks of the Thames. Discovered roads drawn as double lines; conjectural roads, single lines.
A map of Roman Britain
A map of the known Roman road network, highlighting the routes included in the Antonine Itinerary
The rediscovery of Tacitus's works revived English interest in Boudica, particularly during the 19th century, when she was used as a symbol for Queen Victoria and the British Empire. (Boadicea and Her Daughters by Thomas Thornycroft, 1860s, cast by his son in 1902.)
A model of London in 85–90 on display in the Museum of London, depicting the first bridge over the Thames
A diagram of the Roman structures from the port of Londinium (c. AD 100) excavated along the north bank of the Thames, with warehouses at right.
A bronze head of Hadrian found in the River Thames in London (British Museum)
A model of the expanded forum at the Museum of London
Stela mentioning the Londiniensi ('Londoners')
Reconstruction drawing of Londinium c. undefined 120 AD
A Roman mosaic floor from Londinium (British Museum)
A surviving section of the London Wall behind Tower Hill Station (2005)
Ulpius Silvanus's Tauroctony depicting Mithras killing the bull, discovered in the ruins of the London Mithraeum.
A Carausian coin from his mint at Londinium.
The Arras Medallion showing a woman kneeling in front of a Roman soldier at the city walls, thanking him for bringing Allectus's rule to an end
Roman Britain around AD 410, without speculative provincial borders.
A Romano-Celtic temple being excavated at 56 Gresham Street.
The known floorplan of the presumed "governor's palace".
The Roman wall at St Alphege Gardens
A reconstructed Roman kitchen (culina) at the Museum of London (2014)

It sat at a key crossing point over the River Thames which turned the city into a road nexus and major port, serving as a major commercial centre in Roman Britain until its abandonment during the 5th century.

Thames Valley

The area covered by Thames Valley Police

The Thames Valley is an informally-defined sub-region of South East England, centred on the River Thames west of London, with Oxford as a major centre.

Port of London Authority

Self-funding public trust established on 31 March 1909 in accordance with the Port of London Act 1908 to govern the Port of London.

Former headquarters, Tower Hill
PLA boundary marker opposite Teddington
Former PLA Cold Store, Charterhouse Street, Smithfield
A PLA harbour master craft at Woolwich
London Titan working opposite the Houses of Parliament
Impulse passing Tower Bridge
PLA 69, Hawthorn Leslie 0-6-0T
Coat of arms of the Port of London Authority, granted in 1909

Its responsibility extends over the Tideway of the River Thames and its continuation (the Kent/Essex strait).