Road runningwikipedia
road runningRoadroad race20 kmroad races15 km10 km25 km10 miles30 km

Track and field

track and fieldtrackathletics
Road running is the sport of running on a measured course over an established road (as opposed to track and field and cross country running).
Track and field is categorized under the umbrella sport of athletics, which also includes road running, cross country running, and race walking.

Marathon

marathonmarathon racemarathon runner
These events are usually classified as long-distance according to athletics terminology, with races typically ranging from 5 kilometers to 42.2 kilometers in the marathon. The IAAF recognizes nine common distances for road races: 10 km, 15 km, 20 km, half-marathon (21.097 km or 13.1 mi), 25 km, 30 km, marathon (42.195 km or 26.2 mi), 100 km, and Ekiden marathon relay.
The marathon has an official distance of 42.195 kilometres (26.219 miles; 26 miles 385 yards), usually run as a road race.

Sport of athletics

Athleticsathleteathletic
These events are usually classified as long-distance according to athletics terminology, with races typically ranging from 5 kilometers to 42.2 kilometers in the marathon.
The most common types of athletics competitions are track and field, road running, cross country running, and race walking.

10K run

10 km10K run10 kilometres
The three most common IAAF recognized distances for "road running" events are 10K runs, half marathons and marathons. The IAAF recognizes nine common distances for road races: 10 km, 15 km, 20 km, half-marathon (21.097 km or 13.1 mi), 25 km, 30 km, marathon (42.195 km or 26.2 mi), 100 km, and Ekiden marathon relay.
The 10K run is a long-distance road running competition over a distance of 10 km. Also referred to as the 10K road race, 10 km, or simply 10K, it is one of the most common types of road running event, alongside the shorter 5K and longer half marathon and marathon.

Half marathon

half marathonhalf-marathonHM
The three most common IAAF recognized distances for "road running" events are 10K runs, half marathons and marathons. The IAAF recognizes nine common distances for road races: 10 km, 15 km, 20 km, half-marathon (21.097 km or 13.1 mi), 25 km, 30 km, marathon (42.195 km or 26.2 mi), 100 km, and Ekiden marathon relay.
A half marathon is a road running event of 21.0975 km (13 mi 192½ yd)—half the distance of a marathon.

Cross country running

Cross Countrycross country runningcross-country
Road running is the sport of running on a measured course over an established road (as opposed to track and field and cross country running).
Cross country running is one of the disciplines under the umbrella sport of athletics, and is a natural terrain version of long-distance track and road running.

5K run

5 km5K run5K
Other common distances include 5 km, 8 km, 12 km, and 10 mi.
The 5K run is a long-distance road running competition over a distance of five kilometres (3.107 miles).

Ekiden

ekidenEkiden relayMarathon road relay
The IAAF recognizes nine common distances for road races: 10 km, 15 km, 20 km, half-marathon (21.097 km or 13.1 mi), 25 km, 30 km, marathon (42.195 km or 26.2 mi), 100 km, and Ekiden marathon relay.
Ekiden is a long-distance running relay race, typically held on roads.

Long-distance running

long-distance runnerlong distance runnerlong-distance
These events are usually classified as long-distance according to athletics terminology, with races typically ranging from 5 kilometers to 42.2 kilometers in the marathon.
The three most common types are track running, road running and cross country running, all of which are defined by their terrain – all-weather tracks, roads and natural terrain, respectively.

City2Surf (Sydney)

City2SurfCity to SurfCity 2 Surf
The "Round the Bays" run in Auckland, New Zealand is 8.4 km; the Falmouth Road Race in Falmouth, Cape Cod is 7.1 mi; the Manchester Road Race in Manchester, Connecticut is 4.75 mi; "City to Surf" in Sydney, Australia is 14 km; Honolulu's "Great Aloha Run" is 8.15 mi; the "King Island Imperial 20" is 32 km long; and the "Charleston Distance Run" in Charleston, West Virginia is 15 mi.
The City2Surf (or City to Surf) is a popular road running event held annually in Sydney covering a 14 km course.

Falmouth Road Race

Falmouth
The "Round the Bays" run in Auckland, New Zealand is 8.4 km; the Falmouth Road Race in Falmouth, Cape Cod is 7.1 mi; the Manchester Road Race in Manchester, Connecticut is 4.75 mi; "City to Surf" in Sydney, Australia is 14 km; Honolulu's "Great Aloha Run" is 8.15 mi; the "King Island Imperial 20" is 32 km long; and the "Charleston Distance Run" in Charleston, West Virginia is 15 mi.
The Falmouth Road Race is an annual 7.1 mi road race on Cape Cod from Woods Hole, a village in the town of Falmouth, Massachusetts, to Falmouth Heights.

Great Aloha Run

The "Round the Bays" run in Auckland, New Zealand is 8.4 km; the Falmouth Road Race in Falmouth, Cape Cod is 7.1 mi; the Manchester Road Race in Manchester, Connecticut is 4.75 mi; "City to Surf" in Sydney, Australia is 14 km; Honolulu's "Great Aloha Run" is 8.15 mi; the "King Island Imperial 20" is 32 km long; and the "Charleston Distance Run" in Charleston, West Virginia is 15 mi.
The Hawai'i Pacific Health Great Aloha Run is a road race that takes place annually in Honolulu, Hawaii on the third Monday in February (Presidents' Day in the United States).

Jones Counter

calibrated bicycle methodThis method
A Jones Counter attached to a bicycle is used to measure course length.
It was invented in 1971 by Alan Jones in order to measure the length of road running race courses.

Charleston Distance Run

The "Round the Bays" run in Auckland, New Zealand is 8.4 km; the Falmouth Road Race in Falmouth, Cape Cod is 7.1 mi; the Manchester Road Race in Manchester, Connecticut is 4.75 mi; "City to Surf" in Sydney, Australia is 14 km; Honolulu's "Great Aloha Run" is 8.15 mi; the "King Island Imperial 20" is 32 km long; and the "Charleston Distance Run" in Charleston, West Virginia is 15 mi.
The Charleston Distance Run is a 15 mi road running event held annually in Charleston, West Virginia.

Great Run

Great Birmingham 10k
Elite level road running series include the World Marathon Majors, the Great Run series, and IAAF Road Race Label Events.
Great Run is a series of road running events around the United Kingdom, which includes the Great North Run.

Short course prevention factor

short course prevention factorintentionally lengthenedthe standard distance may not be exceeded by more than 0.1%
Certified courses are often intentionally lengthened by one metre per km to ensure that they are not short of the stated distance.
The short course prevention factor (SCPF) is a multiplicative factor or coefficient used in the sport of athletics, specifically road running, to ensure that the measured length of a course is at least as long as the desired length of the course.

Honolulu

HonoluluHonolulu, HawaiiHonolulu, HI
The "Round the Bays" run in Auckland, New Zealand is 8.4 km; the Falmouth Road Race in Falmouth, Cape Cod is 7.1 mi; the Manchester Road Race in Manchester, Connecticut is 4.75 mi; "City to Surf" in Sydney, Australia is 14 km; Honolulu's "Great Aloha Run" is 8.15 mi; the "King Island Imperial 20" is 32 km long; and the "Charleston Distance Run" in Charleston, West Virginia is 15 mi.
Honolulu has three large road races:

Trail running

trail runningtrail runnerTrail runners
It differs from road running and track running in that it generally takes place on hiking trails, often in mountainous terrain, where there can be much larger ascents and descents.

Auckland

AucklandAuckland, New ZealandAuckland city
The "Round the Bays" run in Auckland, New Zealand is 8.4 km; the Falmouth Road Race in Falmouth, Cape Cod is 7.1 mi; the Manchester Road Race in Manchester, Connecticut is 4.75 mi; "City to Surf" in Sydney, Australia is 14 km; Honolulu's "Great Aloha Run" is 8.15 mi; the "King Island Imperial 20" is 32 km long; and the "Charleston Distance Run" in Charleston, West Virginia is 15 mi.

Dead Runners Society

First person "race reports" frequently appear on the Dead Runners Society electronic mailing list.
Deads also meet regularly at races.

Manchester Road Race

The "Round the Bays" run in Auckland, New Zealand is 8.4 km; the Falmouth Road Race in Falmouth, Cape Cod is 7.1 mi; the Manchester Road Race in Manchester, Connecticut is 4.75 mi; "City to Surf" in Sydney, Australia is 14 km; Honolulu's "Great Aloha Run" is 8.15 mi; the "King Island Imperial 20" is 32 km long; and the "Charleston Distance Run" in Charleston, West Virginia is 15 mi.

National records in the marathon

Cape Verdean national recordsmen's national marathon recordnational record
The following tables are an overview of all current national records in the marathon, as compiled by the International Association of Athletics Federations and other authoritative sources of road racing statistics.

Athletics at the Summer Olympics

AthleticsOlympic athletics programmeOlympic Games
The modern program includes track and field events, road running events, and racewalking events.