Robert McFarlane

McFarlane in 1987
McFarlane in 1994
McFarlane in 2011

American Marine Corps officer who served as National Security Advisor to President Ronald Reagan from 1983 through 1985.

- Robert McFarlane

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A BGM-71 TOW anti-tank guided missile

Iran–Contra affair

Political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration.

Political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration.

A BGM-71 TOW anti-tank guided missile
North's mugshot, after his arrest
President Reagan (center) receives the Tower Commission Report in the White House Cabinet Room; John Tower is at left and Edmund Muskie is at right, 1987.

On 17 June 1985, National Security Adviser Robert McFarlane wrote a National Security Decision Directive which called for the United States of America to begin a rapprochement with the Islamic Republic of Iran.

John Poindexter

Retired United States naval officer and Department of Defense official.

Retired United States naval officer and Department of Defense official.

His fellow graduates included astronaut Bruce McCandless II (who graduated second) and Senator John McCain; previous National Security Advisor Robert McFarlane was a contemporary, graduating the following year.

Presidency of Ronald Reagan

Ronald Reagan's tenure as the 40th president of the United States began with his first inauguration on January 20, 1981, and ended on January 20, 1989.

Ronald Reagan's tenure as the 40th president of the United States began with his first inauguration on January 20, 1981, and ended on January 20, 1989.

Ronald Reagan with a cowboy hat at Rancho Del Cielo.
The 1980 electoral college vote
President-elect Ronald Reagan with outgoing President Jimmy Carter and outgoing Vice President Walter Mondale on January 20, 1981
The Cabinet of President Reagan in 1981
Reagan appointed William Rehnquist to the office of Chief Justice in 1986; he served until his death in 2005
Outlining his plan for Tax Reduction Legislation from the Oval Office in a televised address, July 1981
First Lady Nancy Reagan at a Just Say No rally at the White House
Graph demonstrating increases in U.S. incarceration rate
As the first U.S. president invited to speak before the British Parliament (June 8, 1982), Reagan predicted Marxism would end up on the "ash heap of history"
Meeting with leaders of the Afghan Mujahideen in the Oval Office, 1983
Reagan meets with Prime Minister Eugenia Charles of Dominica in the Oval Office about ongoing events in Grenada
Emperor Hirohito of Japan, Ronald Reagan and his wife Nancy in 1983
Gorbachev and Reagan sign the INF Treaty at the White House, 1987
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher (here walking with President Reagan at Camp David in 1986) granted the U.S. use of British airbases to launch the Libya attack
President Reagan meeting with South African anti-apartheid activist Desmond Tutu in 1984
World map highlighting countries visited by Ronald Reagan while president
President Reagan in February 1985
Reagan defeated Democrat Walter Mondale in the 1984 presidential election.
Republican George H. W. Bush defeated Democrat Michael Dukakis in the 1988 presidential election.
Graph of Reagan's approval ratings in Gallup polls

Secretary of Defense Weinberger and Secretary of State Shultz both opposed the arrangement, so it was handled by National Security Advisor Robert McFarlane and McFarlane's successor, John Poindexter.

The Washington Institute for Near East Policy

American pro-Israel think tank based in Washington, D.C., focused on the foreign policy of the United States in the Near East.

American pro-Israel think tank based in Washington, D.C., focused on the foreign policy of the United States in the Near East.

Robert McFarlane, former National Security Advisor

R. James Woolsey Jr.

American politician.

American politician.

James Woolsey with Reginald Victor Jones and Jeanne de Clarens (field officer, source of scientific intelligence, captured by Nazis) in 1993.
Former Directors of the CIA James Woolsey and Michael Hayden in 2012

In July 2011, Woolsey, in cooperation with Robert McFarlane, co-founded the United States Energy Security Council.

Roosevelt Hall at Fort Lesley J. McNair, which houses the National War College

National War College

School in the National Defense University.

School in the National Defense University.

Roosevelt Hall at Fort Lesley J. McNair, which houses the National War College
Roosevelt Hall of National War College
Shield of the National War College

Robert Macfarlane, National Security Advisor under president Ronald Reagan

A smoke cloud rises from the rubble of the bombed barracks at Beirut International Airport (BIA).

1983 Beirut barracks bombings

Early on a Sunday morning, October 23, 1983, two truck bombs struck buildings in Beirut, Lebanon, housing American and French service members of the Multinational Force in Lebanon (MNF), a military peacekeeping operation during the Lebanese Civil War.

Early on a Sunday morning, October 23, 1983, two truck bombs struck buildings in Beirut, Lebanon, housing American and French service members of the Multinational Force in Lebanon (MNF), a military peacekeeping operation during the Lebanese Civil War.

A smoke cloud rises from the rubble of the bombed barracks at Beirut International Airport (BIA).
The USMC barracks in Beirut
The building in 1982
Sketch map of the route taken by the suicide bomber on the morning of October 23, 1983. [From the Long Commission Report].
Diagram of the attack.
Marine Gen. P.X. Kelley (left) and Col. Tim Geraghty (right) take Vice President George H.W. Bush on a tour around the site of the Beirut barracks bombing two days after the explosion.
Marine Barracks in Beirut after bombing, October 23, 1983
Chaplains, U.S. Marines, and family members observe a moment of silence during a memorial service
USS New Jersey (BB-62) fires a salvo against anti-government forces in the Shouf, January 9, 1984
Beirut Memorial, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune
Sign from the "Peacekeeping Chapel" at the Marine Barracks, on display at the Armed Forces Chaplaincy Center, Fort Jackson.
Tribute to 58 French paratroopers of the 1st and 9th RCP who died for France in the 'Drakkar' building in Beirut on October 23, 1983.

Special Representative in the Middle East Robert McFarlane's team had requested New Jersey after the August 29th Druze mortar attack that killed two Marines.

White House Fellows building at 712 Jackson Place in Washington, D.C.

White House Fellows

Federal fellowship program established via Executive Order by President of the United States Lyndon B. Johnson in October 1964, based upon a suggestion from John W. Gardner, then the president of Carnegie Corporation, who would eventually become the 6th Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.

Federal fellowship program established via Executive Order by President of the United States Lyndon B. Johnson in October 1964, based upon a suggestion from John W. Gardner, then the president of Carnegie Corporation, who would eventually become the 6th Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.

White House Fellows building at 712 Jackson Place in Washington, D.C.

1971–1972 Robert C. McFarlane; chairman and CEO, Energy and Communications Solutions; former National Security Advisor to President Ronald Reagan; former Counselor to the U.S. Department of State; former Special Assistant for National Security Affairs to President Gerald Ford; former Military Assistant to Henry Kissinger and Brent Scowcroft

Logo of the committee on the Present Danger.

Committee on the Present Danger

Name used by a succession of American neoconservative and anti-communist foreign policy interest groups.

Name used by a succession of American neoconservative and anti-communist foreign policy interest groups.

Logo of the committee on the Present Danger.

Members of the 2004 CPD included Vice President for Policy Larry Haas, Senator Joseph I. Lieberman, former CIA director R. James Woolsey Jr., former National Security Advisor to President Reagan, Robert C. McFarlane, and Reagan administration official and 1976 Committee founder Max Kampelman.

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies

Government-accredited postgraduate institution of higher education located in Geneva, Switzerland.

Government-accredited postgraduate institution of higher education located in Geneva, Switzerland.

one of the institute's campus sites, the Maison de la paix
Maison de la paix.
The Davis Library of the Maison de la paix
The Villa Barton campus on the shores of Lake Geneva.
Earlier logo of the Graduate Institute of International Studies (HEI)
IHEID's later logo at Villa Barton's main gate.
Maison de la paix ("House of Peace").
The Villa Moynier campus
Kofi Annan, former UN secretary-general, 1997–2006 and Nobel Peace prize recipient
Mohamed ElBaradei, IAEA director-general, 1997–2009, former vice-president of Egypt and Nobel Peace Prize recipient
Micheline Calmy-Rey, former Swiss foreign minister and president of the Swiss Federal Council, 2007 and 2011
Philipp Hildebrand, head of the Swiss National Bank, 2010–2012, currently vice-chairman of BlackRock
Leonid Hurwicz, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences co-recipient
Jakob Kellenberger, president of the ICRC (2000–2012), and current professor at the institute
Brad Smith, president and chief legal officer at Microsoft, non-executive director at Netflix
Patricia Espinosa, Mexican secretary of foreign affairs, 2006–2012, diplomat and executive secretary of the UNFCCC, 2016–present
Saul Friedländer, Israeli historian and Pulitzer Prize winner
Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, 2000–present
Hans-Gert Pöttering, president of the European Parliament, 2007–2009
Jakaya Kikwete, the fourth president of Tanzania(2005–2015) and the Minister of Foreign Affairs (1995–2005) of Tanzania
Alpha Oumar Konaré, the president of Mali (1992 to 2002), and chairperson of the African Union Commission (2003 to 2008)

Robert McFarlane (Licence), United States National Security Advisor, 1983–1985