Robert Mills (architect)

Robert MillsMillsMills, Robert
Robert Mills (August 12, 1781 – March 3, 1855), a South Carolina architect known for designing both the first Washington Monument, located in Baltimore, Maryland, as well as the better known monument to the first president in the nation's capital, Washington, DC. He is sometimes said to be the first native-born American to be professionally trained as an architect.{by whom|date=August 2013}} Charles Bulfinch of Boston perhaps has a clearer claim to this honor.wikipedia
185 Related Articles

Washington Monument (Baltimore)

Washington MonumentBaltimore's Washington MonumentWashington Monument in Baltimore
Robert Mills (August 12, 1781 – March 3, 1855), a South Carolina architect known for designing both the first Washington Monument, located in Baltimore, Maryland, as well as the better known monument to the first president in the nation's capital, Washington, DC. He is sometimes said to be the first native-born American to be professionally trained as an architect.{by whom|date=August 2013}} Charles Bulfinch of Boston perhaps has a clearer claim to this honor.
The Monument, a colossal landmark column, was designed by American architect Robert Mills (1781-1855), who also designed the later Washington Monument on the National Mall in Washington, D.C..

Washington Monument

Monumentthe one in Washington, D.C.Washington
Robert Mills (August 12, 1781 – March 3, 1855), a South Carolina architect known for designing both the first Washington Monument, located in Baltimore, Maryland, as well as the better known monument to the first president in the nation's capital, Washington, DC. He is sometimes said to be the first native-born American to be professionally trained as an architect.{by whom|date=August 2013}} Charles Bulfinch of Boston perhaps has a clearer claim to this honor.
The original design was by Robert Mills, but he did not include his proposed colonnade due to a lack of funds, proceeding only with a bare obelisk.

Charles Bulfinch

BulfinchBulfinch Streeterected
Robert Mills (August 12, 1781 – March 3, 1855), a South Carolina architect known for designing both the first Washington Monument, located in Baltimore, Maryland, as well as the better known monument to the first president in the nation's capital, Washington, DC. He is sometimes said to be the first native-born American to be professionally trained as an architect.{by whom|date=August 2013}} Charles Bulfinch of Boston perhaps has a clearer claim to this honor.
Thomas Jefferson became something of a mentor to him in Europe, as he would later be to Robert Mills.

Monumental Church

Monument Churchtheater
"With the possible' exception of Eastern States Penitentiary in Philadelphia, it is considered "the most significant prison building in the United States", according to the Historic Burlington County Prison Museum Association. In 1812, Mills designed the Monumental Church in Richmond, Virginia. It was built to commemorate the deaths of 72 people in the Richmond Theatre fire.
Designed by architect Robert Mills, it is one of America's earliest and most distinctive Greek Revival churches.

Mount Holly, New Jersey

Mount HollyMount Holly TownshipMt. Holly
In 1811 the prison was constructed in Mt. Holly, New Jersey.
The Burlington County Prison was designed by Robert Mills, a nationally known architect who designed the Washington Monument.

First Unitarian Church of Philadelphia

First Unitarian ChurchFirst UnitarianPhiladelphia
Some Philadelphia buildings that Mills designed are Washington Hall, Samson Street Baptist Church, and the Octagon Church for the First Unitarian Church of Philadelphia.
The Octagon Building (begun March 1812, dedicated February 14, 1813): The first church building, located at the northeast corner of 10th & Locust, was designed by Robert Mills, thought to be the first native-born-and-trained American architect.

Benjamin Henry Latrobe

Benjamin LatrobeLatrobeBenjamin H. Latrobe
Mills also studied and worked with Benjamin Henry Latrobe of Philadelphia.
As a young architect, Robert Mills worked as an assistant with Latrobe from 1803 until 1808 when he set up his own practice.

General Post Office (Washington, D.C.)

General Post OfficeD.C. General Post Office buildingG.P.O.
He also designed the old General Post Office.
Built in 1839 to a design by Robert Mills and enlarged in 1866 to a design by Thomas U. Walter, it is an example of Greek Revival architecture.

Old Patent Office Building

U.S. Patent Office BuildingPatent Office BuildingU.S. Patent Office
He also designed the Department of Treasury building, east of the Executive Mansion (White House), and several other federal buildings in Washington, D. C., including the U.S. Patent Office Building, patterned after the Parthenon.
Designed in the Greek Revival style by architect Robert Mills, construction started in 1836, and the massive structure took 31 years to complete.

Smithsonian American Art Museum

SmithsonianNational Museum of American ArtSmithsonian Museum of American Art
It has been renovated and adapted as two adjoining museums of the Smithsonian Institution: the Smithsonian American Art Museum and the National Portrait Gallery).
It was designed by architects Robert Mills, and Thomas U. Walter.

Mount Vernon, Baltimore

Mount VernonMount Vernon-BelvedereMt. Vernon
This development took place in the new Mount Vernon-Belvedere neighborhood.
The Washington Monument was completed in 1829 to a design by Robert Mills, and in 1831 the Howard family was granted permission to lay out the surrounding parks.

Fireproof Building

In the next few years, he designed numerous buildings in South Carolina, including court houses, the campus of the University of South Carolina, jails, and the Fireproof Building in Charleston.
The contractor, John G. Spidle, built it in 1827 to the design of Robert Mills, the nation's first domestically-trained architect and an early advocate of fire-resistant buildings.

Wilson House (York, South Carolina)

Wilson House
He reputedly designed the Old Horry County Courthouse, Union County Jail, and Wilson House, which have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
It is attributed to Robert Mills and was built in 1828.

Old Horry County Courthouse

City Hall building
He reputedly designed the Old Horry County Courthouse, Union County Jail, and Wilson House, which have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
It was built between 1824 and 1825 and reputedly designed by Robert Mills (1781-1855).

Union County Jail (Union, South Carolina)

Union County Jail
He reputedly designed the Old Horry County Courthouse, Union County Jail, and Wilson House, which have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
It is attributed to Robert Mills and built in 1823.

Lancaster County Courthouse (South Carolina)

Lancaster County CourthouseCourthouse
But a fire destroyed much of his Lancaster County, South Carolina Courthouse in August 2008.
It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1973, as a possible work of Robert Mills, an important American architect of the first half of the 19th century.

Landsford Canal

He also designed portions of the Landsford Canal in Chester County, on the Catawba River in South Carolina.
The canal was designed by Robert Mills.

Congressional Cemetery

He was buried there at the Congressional Cemetery.
Robert Mills (1781–1855), architect and designer of the Washington Monument

Greek Revival architecture

Greek RevivalGreek Revival architectural styleGreek Revival style
Under the umbrella of neoclassicism, his designs were partly Palladian, Georgian, and often Greek Revival.
Other notable American architects to use Greek Revival designs included Latrobe's student Robert Mills, who designed the Monumental Church and the Washington Monument, as well as George Hadfield and Gabriel Manigault.

Federal architecture

FederalFederal styleFederal-style
Mills created a distinctive federal style of architecture.
Robert Mills

Good Samaritan Hospital (Cincinnati)

Good Samaritan HospitalGood Samaritan
Good Samaritan Hospital (Cincinnati)
The Hospital of the Good Samaritan, at Sixth and Lock streets, was originally the Cincinnati Marine Hospital, built at a cost of $300,000, from a generic pattern by American Architect, Robert Mills.

United States

American🇺🇸U.S.
Robert Mills (August 12, 1781 – March 3, 1855), a South Carolina architect known for designing both the first Washington Monument, located in Baltimore, Maryland, as well as the better known monument to the first president in the nation's capital, Washington, DC. He is sometimes said to be the first native-born American to be professionally trained as an architect.{by whom|date=August 2013}} Charles Bulfinch of Boston perhaps has a clearer claim to this honor.

Architect

architectsarchitectural firmmaster builder
Robert Mills (August 12, 1781 – March 3, 1855), a South Carolina architect known for designing both the first Washington Monument, located in Baltimore, Maryland, as well as the better known monument to the first president in the nation's capital, Washington, DC. He is sometimes said to be the first native-born American to be professionally trained as an architect.{by whom|date=August 2013}} Charles Bulfinch of Boston perhaps has a clearer claim to this honor.

Boston

Boston, MassachusettsBoston, MABoston, United States
Robert Mills (August 12, 1781 – March 3, 1855), a South Carolina architect known for designing both the first Washington Monument, located in Baltimore, Maryland, as well as the better known monument to the first president in the nation's capital, Washington, DC. He is sometimes said to be the first native-born American to be professionally trained as an architect.{by whom|date=August 2013}} Charles Bulfinch of Boston perhaps has a clearer claim to this honor.

Charleston, South Carolina

CharlestonCharleston, SCCharles Town
Mills studied in Charleston, South Carolina, as a student of Irish architect James Hoban, and later worked with him on his commission for the White House.