Robert Richard Torrens

Robert TorrensR. R. TorrensSir Robert Richard TorrensSir Robert TorrensTorrens
Sir Robert Richard Torrens, (31 May 1812 – 31 August 1884), also known as Robert Richard Chute Torrens, was an Irish-born parliamentarian, writer, and land reformer.wikipedia
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Torrens title

Torrens systemReal Property ActTorrens
Torrens is chiefly remembered as the originator of the Torrens title, a new system of land registration that subsequently spread to the other Australian colonies and is used in Australia in many other countries throughout the world today.
Its name derives from Sir Robert Richard Torrens (1814–1884), who designed, lobbied for and introduced the private member's bill which was enacted as the Real Property Act 1858 in the Province of South Australia, the first version of Torrens title in the world.

Premier of South Australia

PremierSouth Australian PremierPremiers of South Australia
He was Colonial Treasurer and Registrar-General from 1852 to 1857 and then the third Premier of South Australia for a single month in September 1857.

Treasurer of South Australia

TreasurerColonial Treasurerstate Treasurer
He was Colonial Treasurer and Registrar-General from 1852 to 1857 and then the third Premier of South Australia for a single month in September 1857. When South Australia became self-governing colony in 1856 with the ratification of a new constitution by the British parliament via the Constitution Act 1856, Torrens became Treasurer of South Australia in the ministry of Finniss from 24 October 1856 to 21 August 1857, during which time he published drafts of his land reform bill.

Robert Torrens (economist)

Robert TorrensColonel Robert Torrens Robert Torrens
He was son of the political economist Robert Torrens, who was chairman of the London-based South Australian Colonisation Commission involved in setting up and encouraging emigration to the new colony.
His son, Sir Robert Richard Torrens, spent many years in South Australia, even serving for a short time as the state Premier, and became known for his land reform.

History of South Australia

Colony of South AustraliaSouth AustraliaProvince of South Australia
After a move to London in 1836, he became prominent in the early years of the Colony of South Australia, emigrating after being appointed to a civil service position there in 1840.
This law implemented a system which became known as Torrens title, after Sir Robert Richard Torrens, who instigated the bill and ensured its passage through parliament.

Land registration

Land Registryland titlesland register
Torrens is chiefly remembered as the originator of the Torrens title, a new system of land registration that subsequently spread to the other Australian colonies and is used in Australia in many other countries throughout the world today.
Robert Torrens himself drafted the Record of Title (Ireland) Act, 1865 in order to record titles conveyed.

Real Property Act 1858

The Real Property Act 1858, with the long title "An Act to simplify the Laws relating to the transfer and encumbrance of freehold and other interests in Land", was assented to on 27 January 1858.
After being introduced as a private member's bill by Sir Robert Richard Torrens, it was passed by both houses and assented to by the Governor of South Australia, on 27 January 1858.

Ulrich Hübbe

Samuel G. Hübbe
Torrens was also familiar with a report presented to the British House of Commons on 15 May 1857, supplied by German lawyer Ulrich Hübbe who had detailed knowledge of the real property laws of the Hanseatic League cities and whose doctorate in laws from Hamburg University dealt with this topic.
Dr. Hübbe, who had personal experience with both the German system and the British, was one among many who wrote to the papers suggesting reform, but it was not until R. R. Torrens submitted his "Real Property Act" to the House of Assembly that any substantial effort towards reform was made.

River Torrens

Torrens RiverTorrensTorrens Lake
(Note: Places named after his father, Robert Torrens, are the River Torrens, the suburb of Torrensville, Lake Torrens and Torrens Island.
The river was first named the Yatala by the initial exploration party, but later renamed to honour Robert Torrens senior, chairman of the board of Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia from 1834 to 1841 (when he was sacked).

Richard Bullock Andrews

Richard AndrewsR. B. AndrewsMr. Justice Andrews
His experience as Registrar-General (1852–1858), as a landowner himself, and the influence of politicians such as Forster and W.H. Burford and lawyers such as Richard Bullock Andrews, Henry Gawler and W.C. Belt, would have influenced him close to home.
In June 1857 he was elected to the House of Assembly for Yatala and was Attorney-General of South Australia in the Torrens ministry from 1 to 30 September.

Torrens Park, South Australia

Torrens ParkWest Mitcham
It was named after Sir Robert Richard Torrens, the instigator of the Torrens title system of land registration and transfer, who built a large home in the area which he named Torrens Park.

Carl Muecke (editor)

Carl MueckeCarl Wilhelm Ludwig Muecke
With the support of Carl Muecke and the influential German community, he fought it through Parliament despite violent opposition from the legal profession.
He was of great assistance to Sir Robert Torrens in promoting the Real Property Act which, thanks to Dr. Ulrich Hübbe, was largely based on the system used in the Hanse towns, and helped organise a festival at Tanunda in honour of Sir Robert after the Act was passed.

Torrens Building

The Torrens Building, named after Sir Robert Richard Torrens, is a State Heritage-listed building on the corner of Victoria Square and Wakefield Street in Adelaide, South Australia.

B. T. Finniss

Boyle Travers FinnissBoyle FinnissFinniss
When South Australia became self-governing colony in 1856 with the ratification of a new constitution by the British parliament via the Constitution Act 1856, Torrens became Treasurer of South Australia in the ministry of Finniss from 24 October 1856 to 21 August 1857, during which time he published drafts of his land reform bill.

Electoral district of Torrens

Torrens
Located along the River Torrens, it is named after Sir Robert Richard Torrens, a 19th-century Premier of South Australia noted for being the founder of the "Torrens title" land registration system.

W. H. Burford & Sons

William BurfordWilliam Henville BurfordBenjamin Burford
His experience as Registrar-General (1852–1858), as a landowner himself, and the influence of politicians such as Forster and W.H. Burford and lawyers such as Richard Bullock Andrews, Henry Gawler and W.C. Belt, would have influenced him close to home.
He was prominent in debates and a strong supporter of Robert Torrens' Real Property Act, but resigned in 1859.

Deed

sanadtitle deedtitle deeds
For years before his election, he had vigorously promoted the need for land titles reform, with the current system of transfer of land by deed ineffective, slow, expensive and insecure.
First introduced in South Australia in 1858 by Sir Robert Torrens and adopted later by the other Australian states and other countries, ownership under Torrens title is proven by possession of a certificate of title and the corresponding entry in the property register.

Scotch College, Adelaide

Scotch CollegeKyre CollegeAdelaide Scotch College
The house was built in 1853–4 by Sir Robert Torrens, the third Premier of South Australia and known for his world-first introduction of the Torrens title system of land transfer.

Torrens, Australian Capital Territory

Torrens
It is named after Sir Robert Torrens, a former Premier of South Australia and instigator of the Torrens title system of land registration.

John Baker (Australian politician)

John BakerBakerBaker family
He was the second Premier of South Australia, succeeding Boyle Travers Finniss; however, he only held office for 12 days from 21 August to 1 September 1857 before being succeeded by the third Premier of the colony, Robert Torrens.

Cambridge (UK Parliament constituency)

CambridgeCambridge (seat 1/2)Cambridge BC
He became the member of the House of Commons as a Liberal for Cambridge from 1868 to 1874, but did not have the opportunity to effect the land reform which was so dear to him.

Torrens Creek

TorrensTorrens Creek, Queensland
The creek after which the town is named was named after Sir Robert Richard Torrens by the explorer William Landsborough, who discovered it in 1862 while searching for Burke and Wills.

Civil service

civil servantpublic servantcivil servants
After a move to London in 1836, he became prominent in the early years of the Colony of South Australia, emigrating after being appointed to a civil service position there in 1840.