Robert T. A. Innes

Robert InnesRobert Thorburn Ayton InnesR. T. A. InnesR.T.A. InnesDr Robert T A InnesInnesInnes, Robert Thorburn Ayton
Robert Thorburn Ayton Innes FRSE FRAS (10 November 1861 – 13 March 1933) was a Scottish astronomer best known for discovering Proxima Centauri in 1915, and numerous binary stars.wikipedia
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Proxima Centauri

Alpha Centauri Cits host starProxima
Robert Thorburn Ayton Innes FRSE FRAS (10 November 1861 – 13 March 1933) was a Scottish astronomer best known for discovering Proxima Centauri in 1915, and numerous binary stars.
This object was discovered in 1915 by Robert Innes and is the nearest-known star to the Sun.

Union Observatory

Johannesburg ObservatoryJohannesburg Obs.Johannesburg
He was the founding director of a meteorological observatory in Johannesburg, which was later converted to an astronomical observatory and renamed to Union Observatory.
The observatory and its former annex, the, are known for the discovery of 6,000 double stars and for Proxima Centauri, made by astronomer Robert Innes.

Great January Comet of 1910

Great Daylight Comet of 1910C/1910 A1
He was also the first astronomer to have seen the Great January Comet of 1910, on 12 January.
The first person to study the comet properly was Scottish astronomer Robert T. A. Innes at the Transvaal Observatory in Johannesburg on January 17, after having been alerted two days earlier by the editor of a Johannesburg newspaper.

David Gill (astronomer)

David GillSir David Gill David Gill
Despite having had no formal training in astronomy, he was invited to the Royal Observatory, Cape of Good Hope by the HM Astronomer Sir David Gill in 1894 and appointed in 1896.
He recruited Robert Innes to the Cape Observatory.

Alpha Centauri

Alpha Centauri BAlpha Centauri Aα Centauri
In 1915, he found a faint star fairly close to and sharing the same large proper motion with Alpha Centauri, which until then was believed to be the closest star system to the Sun.
Alpha Centauri C was discovered in 1915 by Robert T. A. Innes, who suggested that it be named Proxima Centaurus,.

Kapteyn's Star

Kapteyn
While at the Cape, he discovered what is now known as Kapteyn's Star which the latter had listed as one of a number included in the Cordoba Durchmusterung but missing from the later Cape Photographic Durchmusterung.
However, R.T.A. Innes found an uncatalogued star about 15 arc seconds away from the absent star's position.

Royal Observatory, Cape of Good Hope

Royal ObservatoryRoyal Observatory at the Cape of Good HopeCape Observatory
Despite having had no formal training in astronomy, he was invited to the Royal Observatory, Cape of Good Hope by the HM Astronomer Sir David Gill in 1894 and appointed in 1896.

Fellowship of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

FRSEFellow of the Royal Society of EdinburghHFRSE
Robert Thorburn Ayton Innes FRSE FRAS (10 November 1861 – 13 March 1933) was a Scottish astronomer best known for discovering Proxima Centauri in 1915, and numerous binary stars.

Astronomer

astronomersastrophysicistprofessional astronomers
Robert Thorburn Ayton Innes FRSE FRAS (10 November 1861 – 13 March 1933) was a Scottish astronomer best known for discovering Proxima Centauri in 1915, and numerous binary stars.

Binary star

spectroscopic binaryeclipsing binarybinary
Robert Thorburn Ayton Innes FRSE FRAS (10 November 1861 – 13 March 1933) was a Scottish astronomer best known for discovering Proxima Centauri in 1915, and numerous binary stars.

Meteorology

meteorologicalmeteorologistmeteorologists
He was the founding director of a meteorological observatory in Johannesburg, which was later converted to an astronomical observatory and renamed to Union Observatory.

Observatory

astronomical observatoryobservatoriesastronomical observatories
He was the founding director of a meteorological observatory in Johannesburg, which was later converted to an astronomical observatory and renamed to Union Observatory.

Herbert Baker

Sir Herbert BakerBaker
Innes House, designed by Herbert Baker, built as his residence at the observatory, today houses the South African Institute of Electrical Engineers.

South African Institute of Electrical Engineers

SAIEE
Innes House, designed by Herbert Baker, built as his residence at the observatory, today houses the South African Institute of Electrical Engineers.

Edinburgh

Edinburgh, ScotlandCity of EdinburghEdinburgh, United Kingdom
He was born on 10 November 1861 in Edinburgh to John and Elizabeth (née Ayton) Innes.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
A self-taught astronomer, he went to Australia at an early age and made his living as a wine merchant in Sydney, where, using a home made 12-inch reflecting telescope, he discovered several double stars new to astronomy.

Sydney

Sydney, AustraliaSydney, New South WalesSydney, New South Wales, Australia
A self-taught astronomer, he went to Australia at an early age and made his living as a wine merchant in Sydney, where, using a home made 12-inch reflecting telescope, he discovered several double stars new to astronomy.

Reflecting telescope

reflectorreflector telescopeprime focus
A self-taught astronomer, he went to Australia at an early age and made his living as a wine merchant in Sydney, where, using a home made 12-inch reflecting telescope, he discovered several double stars new to astronomy.

Double star

visual companiondouble starsoptical double
A self-taught astronomer, he went to Australia at an early age and made his living as a wine merchant in Sydney, where, using a home made 12-inch reflecting telescope, he discovered several double stars new to astronomy.

Perturbation (astronomy)

perturbationsperturbationperturbed
He also published some papers on perturbations in Mars' and Venus' orbits.

Mars

MartianCoordinatesplanet Mars
He also published some papers on perturbations in Mars' and Venus' orbits.

Venus

Morning Starevening starplanet Venus
He also published some papers on perturbations in Mars' and Venus' orbits.

Johannesburg

Johannesburg, South AfricaJohannesburg, GautengJohannesburg WCT
In 1903 he took up the position of Director of the new Transvaal Meteorological Observatory in Johannesburg, which became the Transvaal Observatory in 1906.